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Major Greek philosophers - Essay Example

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Although this is not by any means an exhaustive list of the types of viewpoints or philosophical ideas that ancient Greece was able to bequeath to the world, such a list is indicative of the very…
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Major Greek philosophers
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Download file to see previous pages length response to appropriately expound upon; however, for purposes of this brief question and answer essay, the enumerated philosophers will be limited to the three most influential classical Greek philosophers Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates.
Plato’s “Republic” deals specifically with the definition and discussions relating to the idea of justice. Although such a topic may seem rather narrow, Plato seeks to discuss each and every aspect of morality and justice as it applies to the individual as well as within the apparatus of the city/state in question. Similarly, Plato’s work “Apology” is Plato’s own version of the speech that was given by his idol and mentor Socrates with relation to the charges brought before him with regards to “corrupting the youth”. In this way, the work itself can be seen as an autobiographical analysis and retelling of the way that Socrates sought to defend himself through the rhetoric of his words and the speech he gave before the rulers of the city. Ultimately, the charges that Socrates faced dealt with casting doubt into the minds of the young with regards to the gods that the individuals within the culture so fervently believed in.
Building upon Plato’s earlier work with regards to the “Republic”, Aristotle, his student, wrote a work entitled “Politics” which called into question the way in which political philosophy and ethics were two inseparable terms that must be understood jointly in order to draw inference onto the way in which Greek society ultimately worked. As the title implies, the root Greek word of “Polis” is used as a means of giving the title of the work the underlying meaning of “things ultimately related to the city”.
The similarities are of course the importance that key attributes of goodness and virtue play in whether or not a given system will itself be functional and ethical. However, going beyond merely answering this question, Aristotle’s work sought to detail the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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