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roads and bridges), and preventing accidents. States will determine their own objectives for enhancing cargo transfers, reducing blockage, modernizing infrastructures, and ensuring safety. MAP-21 incorporates a number of conditions to cut down costs and expedite project delivery time (n.a., 2012, 1). This essay analyzes how MAP-21 raises the issue about the conflict between state (local) and federal governments, its pros and cons, its effectiveness as a policy, and its consistency with the constitutional framework of American federalism.
When the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) concluded in 2009 the Congress agreed to draft another transportation proposal. The Senate successfully submitted a thoroughly drafted proposal—MAP-21. This Act was a major bipartisan program (Dilger, 2012, 1). Even though federal authority over surface transportation policy is still important, MAP-21 characterizes an extension of earlier focus of reauthorization on enlarging the state administrations’ executive power. For instance, the policy grants state governments more freedom in the utilization of federal highway support. It also grants states more freedom by increasing the projects entitled to resources reserved for non-highway associated improvements, like historic conservation, renovation of rails, and environmental protection. State governments were also given greater privilege to shift a percentage of those resources, within given conditions, to other federal safety and highway projects (CMAP Updates, 2012, para 4-5). However, some argue that the federal government has an obligation to make sure that federal resources are spent in the most resourceful and valuable way to advance the national objective of safeguarding the environment and boosting national economic development (Dilger, 2012, 2). They believe
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(“Policy making in the federal system Research Paper”, n.d.)
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Policy Making in the Federal System Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/history/1602749-policy-making-in-the-federal-system.
“Policy Making in the Federal System Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1602749-policy-making-in-the-federal-system.
The paper describes federal budget as the enacted budget, which is because of laws put in place to govern the assortment and utilization of funds. The enacted budget also encompasses the laws affecting expenditure and taxing in a given fiscal year that is voted for by Congress. The aim of the paper is to assess how the federal budget process is affecting social security, the deficit, and the budget cuts.
For many years, the people who study Economics, especially in the field of macro-economics, have given an utmost importance on the study of monetary policy. It is very crucial in understanding the economic system of one country.Many people consider the country’s monetary policy as a complex economic subject.
The policies in the United States engulf all functions that are often undertaken by the federal government. It is the primary function of the executive branch to ensure that all the policies of the land are enacted. However, the United States’ policies are segmented and driven from collective laws, legal proceedings, and executive decisions (Coleman 62).
This was made possible thanks to economic theorists of old such as Thorstein Veblen and Joseph Schumpeter who have espoused arguments and principles that eventually became antecedents of economic change and innovations. An offshoot of the vision-driven innovations was the establishment of the Federal Reserve System or more informally known today as the Fed.
However, according to the blogger’s opinion, the associated federal prosecution of child pornography may have significant variation with the same charge linked with sexual exploitation of children in Colorado. These cases are subjects to broad range of interpretations, but what seems clear is the point that the internet has become one of the major platforms used for a vast child pornography and exploitations that are going viral on a fast pace.
According to Bagus, they both produce the base money to finance their respective governments (n.p.). This role aims to fulfill their objectives in price stability and supplementing the monetary system. The production of this base money occurs mystically to keep the money in the circulation and service government debts.
ccounts, the United States economy was entering into a period of very low economic performance that would translate into, among other things, considerably high unemployment numbers.
At any point in time where more individuals find themselves out of work, that in turn, creates
The conclusion from this review states that the school provides the right environment for them to interact with their equals, because the prejudices on account of social status, ethnic and economic background are very limited among the friends in schools, and a policy with restraint could refine these students and make them contribute to the growth of the nation.