Download file to see previous pages...
Lincoln plans were supported by most republicans in the congress since they were seen to be an attempt of putting an end to the civil war (Wiegand, 2009).
This period saw the construction of roads and railway lines aimed at linking various parts of the United States. The road and rail networks would enhance industrialization and free movement of goods and services that would result in faster economic growth. This period also witnessed the construction of factories, mines and mills around the United States. In addition cities and towns crew around the factories which brought about the growth of urban population from 5 million to 45 million (Guameri, 1991).
Industrialization enabled workers to have better and safer working conditions. Employers had to look into the demand of workers in terms of good pay, health and safety measures as well compensation. In addition, industrialization also enabled the United States to produce several goods at lower prices. Since most factories were located in the cities, there was rural urban migration because of the presence of jobs. This further led to the increasing population in the cities across United States (Guameri, 1991).
The assassination of President Lincoln changed all the plans that had been put in place for the readmission of the southern states into the union and in the reconstruction process. The reconstruction process would have been faster and easier if President Lincoln had not been assassinated. The assassination of the president was a big blow to the reconstruction process that would see the readmission of the southern states (Wiegand, 2009).
Further, the death of the president brought hatred between southern and northern states. The society had vengeful attitudes towards each other. In order to bring harmony into the society, radical republicans decided to implement bills that
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
They were bought and sold repeatedly by their white masters who did not provide much for quality life. Blacks were accused of crimes, and they could not prove their innocence in courts since authorities only wanted to arrest and use their cheap labor. Southern states such as Alabama were deeply rooted into slavery, and it was generally accepted that the economy depended on slaves since most of the American exports came from slavery and cheap labor from the poor African Americans (Blackmon 6).
U.S. History Post Civil War to Present
Many industrial cities have developed since the nation gained independence in 1776. A large population in the United States today is found in the urban areas with people coming from different ethnic backgrounds. Growth in old cities found in the northeast and Midwest of the United States has slowed down in recent years since majority of people continue to move from these congested towns to newer cities in the west and south.
The Union forces had destroyed the Southern systems and had made everything come to a stall including the social and economic status which had originally been based on slavery. The southern had reached a point of no salvage due to the destruction caused by the Unions.
The war devastated all corners of the country injecting uncertainty and distress within the heart of the victims. Thousands of soldiers died in the war that corresponds to about 2 % of the population in the United States at that time.
As stated by President Abraham Lincoln, the war brought to America “a new birth of freedom”. Since the war had been initiated to end slavery and redefine freedom, the post-civil war brought exactly that (Digital History, 2012). The post-civil war period is widely known as the ‘Reconstruction’ period, which began at the end of the Civil War.
The war created bitterness, and something had to be done to pick up the pieces in order to proceed to the progress of America. Political bickering and party agenda blocked the lenient plan of President Lincoln for reconstruction. After the war, and during the reconstruction period that introduced reforms, industrialization made progress.
The Civil War ruined the defeated South. The physical devastation molded by the occupying Union forces was tremendous, and the old economic and social order established on slavery had broken down entirely, with nothing to substitute it. The eleven Confederate states in some way had to be reestablished to their places in the Union and furnished with patriotic governments, and the purpose of the liberated slaves within Southern society had to be determined (Ferrell, 2003).
For the antebellum South, cotton was king and land ownership provided the social capital necessary to acquire and maintain economic status. The South's heavy reliance on agriculture, as opposed to industry, as a means to flourish economically during this period depended on the plantation system of landowners and slavery.
The plantations of the antebellum era were replaced in the face of the abolition of slavery and new economic demands. The Freedman now were able to own land, work their own fields, and seek employment as a wage earner. The freed slaves had also lost the only social structure that they had known, which was the slave system.