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The manner in which Mine Okubo was treated is perhaps the worst I would expect to come across in a country that I proudly identify with. Placed in her position, I would interpret such form of treatment as betrayal from a country that I expected to protect my rights and freedoms as an American citizen. After undergoing the evacuation and confinement experience, I would relinquish the American citizenship and seek citizenship in my ancestral land rather than continuing living in a country that would turn against its own people on grounds of race in times of trouble.
Today, the experiences of Mine Okubo can probably be traced in people belonging to minority or marginalized groups such as the American Indians, African Americans, the Mexican immigrants and people with the Arabic identity (Cadge-Moore 157). Despite being American citizens, Native Americans continue to face discrimination in all aspects of life including education, employment, political participation and health care. Discrimination partially explains why these groups continue to be marginalized and leveraged in poverty in a global economic power base.
Terrorism threats currently experienced in America have exposed people with the Arabic identity and other immigrants to similar treatment including confinement in camps and incarceration as terrorism suspects. The war on terror has seen the U.S. Government establish stringent measures at its main entry points to avert illegal immigration. This has indeed contributed to harassment of American citizens in the detention camps as they await verification, a phenomenon experienced by Okubo and other immigrants (Cadge-Moore 146). Therefore, it is clear that some American citizens continue to suffer at the hands of their very own country.
Mine Okubo’s art in “Citizen 13660” serves to depict some of the historical injustices faced by minority groups such as the Japanese Americans and Indian
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He stated that a man’s life is not governed by rational principles as nothing can be considered to be absolutely good or bad through human reasoning. He preached that the instinctive behavior of humans should be tapped as against reasoning and intellect.
In the early 1990s, the federal government ordered the return of thousands of ceremonial masks to the Hopi Indian communities. The masks had been part of a huge collection that had been collected by the museums from different people.
After the French forces were defeated, they helped Pontiac - chief of Ottawa - in rebellion. In times of American Revolution, they aligned themselves with the British because of the fear of white Americans taking over their land. The Chippewa were defeated alongside other Indians of Ohio country in the battle of Fallen Timbers (1794); this resulted in them losing bargain to their lands by signing many treaties such as Fort Harmar treaty (1789), Greeneville treaty (1795), Fort industry treaty (1805) and Maumee Rapids (1817).2 It is hypothesized that the Chippewa were forced to abandon their ancestral lands through treaties and suffered cultural, economic, social and political changes with the
It is country renowned for its world famous classical singing acts, very highly rated brass bands, internationally renowned opera groupings and the successful composers and orchestral musicians.1 In the twentieth century there has been a reawakening of the music sang or heard in Wales that is usually characterized by vocal performances, competitions in festivals or what is known as ‘eisteddfod’ and major developments in choral music.
But by the Romantic period, improvisation had almost become a lost art. Although organists and opera singers continued to learn how to improvise, for most instrumentalists the art of spontaneous improvisation survived only in the solo cadenza.
Those advancements created new perceived needs and new ways for aggressive nations to meet those needs. As a mad-scramble for weapons and empire ensued, the world would see not one, but two multi-national conflicts, followed by an ideological war pitting democracy and capitalism against communism.
From birth, Kathe has traveled to many different areas in pursuit of her passion for art. Despite her passion for art, Kathe takes on the role of a wife and a mother of two. She does not let her passion for art become interrupted by being a wife and mother, as