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Of all the demands of these young revolutionaries, the recurrent theme among those protesting in every nation, was ethical accountability in public life, and transparency in governance and justice. These revolutions refuted the repeated claim of Arab rulers, that their people were not ready for democracy; only proving once again that people everywhere desire dignity and freedom of choice.
The common thread that runs through the activists, be it Neila Chaabane of Tunisia, Wael Ghonim of Egypt, Mohammed Nabbous of Libya, Razan Ghazzawi of Syria or Bushra al Mugtari of Yemen; is that they are ordinary young men and women who seized a momentous opportunity to change the history of their nations, through a display of courage and mental strength that defied the rulers who for long had oppressed their people. Chaabane is a law professor who braved death threats in order to put paid to the tyranny of Tunisia’s ruler Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. Other Tunisians followed her example to help in institution building in Tunisia. Wael Ghonim used the tools of social networking to advocate freedom for victims of state brutality in Egypt. His views about revolutionary struggles proved crucial in uniting his fellow Egyptians to participate in a freedom struggle that succeeded in overthrowing Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak. In Libya, it was a young journalist Mohammed Nabbous, who set up an independent TV station to inform people of the atrocities being committed on civilians in Benghazi. Unfortunately he had to pay the price for his audacity in standing up to Muammar Gaddafi. Razan Ghazzawi, a Syrian blogger managed to mobilise the masses through her facebook and twitter posts in the ongoing uprising against the rule of Bashar al-Assad, till she was arrested along with other rights activists. Young and dynamic Yemeni activists Tawakkul Karman, and Bushra al Mugtari persist against mighty odds in their
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There are two main theories that try to explain the phenomenon of ethnic conflicts: they are spiral equilibria and in-grouping policing equilibria (Fearon and Laitin 723). There are three factors to put into consideration in assessing theory qualifications in explaining the existence of ethnic conflicts.
Contemporary accelerated globalisation gives ample cause for a paradigm shift in social analysis toward what might be called 'world system studies'. That said entrenched intellectual traditions and institutional forces exert substantial resistance to such a change.
This tendency therefore leans credence to the assertion of Aristotle the ace philosopher that man is inherently a social animal. The contemporary nation-state system is the product of a direct evolution of a poor reflection of the binding ties that crystallized these primitive social organizations; and of course with the resulting stream of nationalist waves blowing across all corners of the global landscape.
ence field, and this includes that of the following: political theory and philosophy, political systems, political concepts, ideology, game theory, electoral-voting systems, geopolitics, political geography, political economy, comparative politics, military alliances,
Analysis of Arab Spring is essential in understanding revolution ideas and reasons for its occurrence.
The Arab Spring qualifies as a revolution. This is because there has been set of demonstration, protests, and riots in these countries. For
The notion of exerting complete control over the lives of citizens by the government is no more acceptable. The recent examples of regime changes observed in the Middle East can be considered a direct extension of the activities that continue on
The creation of public policies starts with the creation of policy agenda that is choosing the issues that are essential for collective public actions.
There are different approaches to public policy process. The formulation of policies entails debates among
The author of the essay highlights the fact that the game theory of conflict, can alternatively be employed in the PRC-Taiwan situation. Besides, the theory has similarly been credited for its reliability, as well as the event of bringing on board alternative tactics with the aim of refining the expected.