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It mainly aimed at assisting leaders maintain local order, keep tradition, and maintaining a steady living standard for peasants. Those who adhered to this school got training in loyalty, traditional rituals, and generosity 1(Bell, 2008). In addition, the school taught respect for the old and superiors. Confucius honored the ancient ways of life, which he encouraged his students to master. For example, he urged them to read the Book of Documents as well as the Book of changes. His philosophy included embracing Chinese values, which included proper performance of traditional rituals 1(Bell, 2008).
Confucius proposed that proper governance could be established by embracing virtue and benevolence. He emphasized that the leader had to be good; this way, people would follow what is right. Therefore, he taught that leaders should be excellent examples to the subjects to enhance the creating of a true empire. The Confucius concept advanced that all the posts in the government had to be 1based on righteousness and virtue. As a result, the ruled class, seeing their leaders as upright and benevolent, would also become upright. Therefore, this concept states that an ideal state should have leaders whose virtues can be emulated by those they rule. 2(Bell, 2008)
In his book, Bell argues that the Confucius concept of good governance and the ideal state has three essential doctrines. The first doctrine of this concept is benevolence, which Confucius regarded as something people have to cultivate in themselves. Enlightened self interest plays a key role in approaching benevolence. For governance to succeed, leaders have to put themselves in the position of those they rule. State leaders should treat other people accordingly. To this concept, benevolence entails doing unto others what one would like them to do to him or herself. Thus, this concept places emphasis on the need for benevolence and treating
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Instead, he fulfilled the legally mandated death sentence despite his belief that the sentence and the conviction were wrong (Green 1). Socrates regarded his obligations to obey the law as similar to the roles of the son towards his father. Just like his father, the state begat him, educated him, protected him, nurtured him, and told him that he could either stay and obey all the city’s laws or leave and escape the restrictions of all its laws when he reached the age of the majority (D’Amato 8).
Hailed as China’s premier sage and foremost teacher, Confucius shaped the beliefs and traditions of the Oriental civilization, while leaving an indelible mark in the history of humankind. Over two millenniums have passed but the teachings of this ancient thinker and social commentator are still evident and applicable up to this age and time.
some of them being mythical? arising doubts to their existence? whereas others being real with solid evidence from the ancient scriptures and writings? Each king has played a part in shaping the country as well as providing the citizens with his own set of laws and regulations that governed their lives?
It is credited for transforming the ancient Chinese culture, but did also evolve with the changing Chinese dynasties and their social-political demands. The evolution has extensively altered the characteristics of the doctrine and facilitated different interpretations.
Consequently, the reflection of the noble teachings and golden principles of the founder of the faith, i.e. Confucius, can be observed in the political, social, cultural, economic and religious activities of the Chinese subjects in their
means that through the application of virtues, which entails treating others as one would expect others to treat him/her; the individual will earn respect from them. Respect is by far is the most valuable aspect of the relationship between people, considering that people can
Confucius was the founder of the Confucianism beliefs which came to have a large impact on Chinese culture. This philosophical belief was based on the ideologies adopted by the Zhou, and Shang dynasties of China. Subsequently, it became very influential in China for more than 2000 years, making to be a significant philosophical belief.
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