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In my naivety, I had thought that Americans were very sophisticated people who lived harmoniously with one another. I never, not for a single second, thought that I would experience some of the worst discriminations in my life. I never thought that I would have to work several times harder to prove myself than other American kids had to. The realization that life in the U.S was not as rosy as I had been made to believe came as a shocker to me.
In Colombia I had been grown used to the closeness of the people. Everyone was each other’s keeper, so to speak. I had very many companions back in Colombia because the sociability of the people makes it easy to make new friends almost every day (Waters and Ueda 216). However in America, the situation was quite different. First of all, I did know much English when I fast landed in the US, so communication was a big problem. I did not have to wait for long before I realized what it meant to be a Colombian American living in New York. Discrimination followed me almost everywhere I went. My ethnicity made me a subject of resentment from both white and African Americans (Olson and Olson 116). I did not consider speaking Spanish to be wrong, but to Americans, it was objectionable. Many regarded American Colombians to be illegal immigrants which was sometimes true. However, my mother had ensured that she had all the right papers before coming here. This of course did not stop other people from lumping us together with illegal immigrants. As such it was very hard for us since my mother, who also knew very limited English, could not get a good job. Colombian immigrants could only get casual jobs, and these did not pay well enough (118).
It is a well documented fact that America is a highly fragmented society (Flores 19). This identity fragmentation affected me greatly when I was new in the country. I started very slowly in school since I could not communicate very well. In my school everyone was grouped
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But the primary focus of this chapter has been on the political dimension of the Spanish colonialization. The chapter begins with an enquiry on why the population has increased six-fold during this period, despite the pathetic living conditions of the slaves who constituted the majority of population.
The history of this island dates back to the 1st AD when indigenous people migrated to the region. These indigenous people were followed by people from Antilles and they together created a complex trading system. These people were together known as the Tainos later on.
The dominant culture in the region was the Taino’s but it died out with time due to exploitation by Spanish settlers not to mention wars and diseases resulting. Its major role was to host the military during the various wars between Spain and European powers.
Puerto Ricans has led to development of American culture and economy through interactions, work and business activities. They have also been involved in civic participation. There are many ways in which Puerto Ricans have contributed to better policies. This is through protests, campaign contributions, lobbying, and voting.
In their migration to the United State, Puerto Ricans left their own homeland with a unique culture and traditions, and their transition involved various cultural crises and emotional adjustments faced by most immigrants. Their migration experience is evident as internal immigration – as an experience of immigrants within their own territory, but their new settlements lie outside their emotional homeland.
The narrator, Ortiz, tells about her past when she was born in Puerto Rico, and the life her parents lived. She also remembers and narrates about the birth of her brother in 1954 (Starvans 12). She remembers how their family had financial difficulties after the birth of her brother, and that forced her father to join the United States navy.
The author describes beginning of the land offensive, when the United States Navy attacked the archipelago's capital, San Juan. He states that though the damage inflicted on the city was minimal, the Americans were able to establish a blockade in the city's harbor, San Juan Bay. Then a state of civil disorder existed in the island's mountainous region.
Perhaps the strongest indication of my culture is my fluent use of Spanish in the home, work, and in social situations. However because of the availability of bilingual instruction in elementary, middle, and high schools, I also am able to read, write, and speak English fluently.
nt it is important to consider and disregard any preconceived notions or biases pertaining to the culture and began each counseling session with a neutral perspective. The biggest challenge to overcome when working with such clients would be to refrain from any judgment or
ma was conscious of the fact that her grand-daughters might be exposed to a lot of risks and challenges since they were not being raised in the Puerto Rican culture and environment that Mama was used to. Through the cuentos, Mama wanted to make the girls warned of the harsh
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