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case to another, a wide spectrum of punitive measures has been argued, with capital punishment prominently appearing as an option of consideration in various crimes. To this end, it is possible to single out arguments against capital punishment, usually referred to as abolitionist arguments, as applied by various groups as illustrated in this discourse. A counterargument will be provided at the end of a brief highlight of the abolitionist arguments. Capital punishment loses meaning in the modern society due to presence of alternatives, high costs and its arbitrariness.
Death penalty has suffers a severe criticism in the form of presence of alternative punitive punishments that can be adopted in heinous crimes. While the judiciary takes the adjudication role in the society, it may be difficult to achieve proper adjudication if death penalty obscures other judicial alternatives. Obscuration is a relative term in social interpretation as a hindrance for the judicial adjudication to offer defendants a chance to redeem themselves before the society (Lane, 1). It is perhaps antisocial of any institution to advocate and execute the most severe form of retribution in a social environment where alternatives offering correction of a heinous criminal are available. As an illustration, life imprisonment without parole offers the best alternative to most crimes where the society would deem it fit to isolate criminals with high degree of crime liability.
Considering alternative punitive interventions in severe criminal liability in relation to capital punishment, it has been demonstrated that it is very expensive to execute someone. An analysis based on a number of cost variables with a high degree of confidence offers the opinion that it is better to keep criminals, of whichever criminal liability alive than execute them through capital punishment (Forsberg, 7). Despite the social cost of losing a human being difficult to be highlighted on an analysis of the attributive crime
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Some raise questions over ethical acceptability of the issue as well. The societies have in the past punished the criminals by sentencing them to death but now with the modernization of the world, there are many nations which have abolished the death penalty.
Similarly, there are many social scientists, theologians and legal experts who hold that capital punishment is morally wrong and therefore it should either be abolished or replaced with more humane criminal penalties. However, the growing rates of homicides and serious offences prompt one to think in favor of death penalty.
As a result, society developed systems of punishing those who commit serious crimes such as killing, stealing felony among others. One such way of punishing offenders was death penalty. Ideally, the authorities came up with procedures to be used in determining the crimes that warrant death penalty, the steps to be followed while executing individuals among others.
Capital punishment has been abolished in many countries across Europe, Latin America although it is still retained in some parts of Asia and Africa1. In non democratic countries, especially in Middle East, capital punishment is still quite common. Capital punishment is usually given for murder, treason and in Muslim countries it is also given for sexual and religious crimes2.
Rabbah, 1987). With the appearance of God, the rationale for imposing the capital punishment shifted from private revenge to a divine one.
The first capital punishment law was the lex talonis of the God of Hamurabi (M.H. Reggio, 2008). Later, in the seventh century BC, the Draconian Code of Athens prescribed death as a punishment for all crimes.
According to Robert Ruby’s “Capital Punishment’s Constant Constituency: An American Majority,” capital punishment has long since been a heated topic of debate of fairness and of constitutional rights and ethics. Between the years of 1972 and 2007, the Supreme Court has gone through many moments of indecision in concerns of the capital punishment.
Supporters of capital punishment are of the view that in the absence of capital punishment, people may engage in more criminal activities. In their opinion, crime rates cannot be controlled without strong
ng varied TV programs a week, and that by their 18th birthday, such a child would have seen approximately 200,000 acts of violence with 16,000 simulated murders (American Academy of Pediatrics 1222). With the advent of online rentals of movies, cable TV shows, pay-per-view TV
The practice is not uniform across the states in the US. Some of the states do not allow capital punishment while others have the law permitting capital punishment. However, execution procedures may differ. As of May 2013, the District of Columbia and 18 other States have abolished the capital punishment for any kind of crime whatsoever.
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