The narrator of this essay aims to tell that Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos constituted French Indochina, which was colonized by France in the 1850’s. In 1940, with France’s surrender to the Axis Powers in World War II, Japan occupied Vietnam. Ho Chih Minh declared Vietnam’s unilateral independence…
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However, America desired French support in Western Europe and feared that the triumph of communism in Vietnam would lead to its successive spread all over Asia – the ‘Domino Theory’. Despite massive American aid to the French, the Viet-Minh consolidated control over North Vietnam and the coastal areas of the South. Minh received “substantial aid from communist China and the Soviet Union” (165). Vietnam became a theater of the Cold War.
The French were decisively defeated in 1954 at the Battle of Dien Bhien Phu. The subsequent Geneva Accord divided Vietnam into North and South Vietnam along the 17th parallel, pending elections. America supported the anti-communist government of South Vietnam, led by Ngo Dinh Diem, the unpopular, “corrupt, autocratic” (166), who opposed reunification and unleashed state terror on all opposition. In 1960 The National Liberation Front, or the Viet Cong, dominated by communists, was formed “to overthrow the camouflaged colonial regime of the American imperialists” (166). President Kennedy increased American aid and military advisors to Diem to fight the communists. “With the tacit acceptance of American government” (167), Diem was overthrown by a military coup and assassinated. Lyndon Baines Johnson further increased military advisors and aid to South Vietnam. On very dubious grounds, related to the supposed attack on American vessels by North Vietnam, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was passed in 1964, granting the President authority “to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States” (168). Johnson escalated the Vietnam War with Operation Rolling Thunder, a bombing mission, and deployed over half a million American troops in Vietnam. American soldiers, unprepared for the complexity of Vietnam, and the non-cooperation of Vietnamese civilians.
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Understanding this reality is a critical facet of foreign policy. The conflict in Iraq (2003-2010) proved that this important lesson was not sufficiently learned following the U.S. involvement in Vietnam. If this lesson continues to not be fully understood or is ignored in the future the U.S.
The rulers of South Vietnam who sought American help to oust the communists were immersed in corruption and anti-people governance. At the same time, a spirit of social equality motivated the North Vietnamese communist rulers.
The current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq shows that if the costly lesson learned from Vietnam is not appreciated the U.S. will continue its foreign relations debacles which will further weaken its armed services, economic stability and political influence within the community of nations.
The Cold War, “which got its name from an article by George Orwell” (Orwell 1945)2, lasted for more than four decades, from 1947 to 1991. This standoff between the superpowers of then resulted in numerous events that were noted down in history, as brutal, callous, unjust and tense.
The Vietnam War (1954–1975) originated in the nationalist struggle against French colonialism. This independence movement was led by Ho Chi Minh, who formed the Vietnam Revolutionary League (Vietminh). In 1940, with France’s surrender to the Axis Powers in World War II, Japan occupied Vietnam.
Significant numbers of women served admirably in all branches of the service, as professional nurses, physical therapists, occupational therapists, air traffic controllers, aerial reconnaissance photographers, intelligence and language specialists, legal officers, and even in security and administrative positions.
However, for the first time, the Vietnam War commenced with no noticeable or apparent reason or cause. This paper will try to understand different aspects of Vietnam War in light of readings from the given text. **In specific, South Vietnam
The paper also studies the various consequences of the war, which led to mass protests and campaigns against it. The paper concludes to show how the communist forces of North Vietnam won over the US forces and finally united the two part of Vietnam.
In this brief essay, some of these major implications for major stakeholders will be summarized. The materials for these summaries were taken from reading Lewy (1978) and The Weider History Group. For the individual soldier in the field, the ROE were often either unknown or unacknowledged.
The military actions were held on the territory of Vietnam, where Vietnamese were at home and American soldiers faced many traps. If a person is a stranger in the jungle it is very difficult for him to stay alive for a least a couple of days. A half of
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