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The Vietnam War Causes and Opposition - Admission/Application Essay Example

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The narrator of this essay aims to tell that Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos constituted French Indochina, which was colonized by France in the 1850’s. In 1940, with France’s surrender to the Axis Powers in World War II, Japan occupied Vietnam. Ho Chih Minh declared Vietnam’s unilateral independence…
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The Vietnam War Causes and Opposition
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"The Vietnam War Causes and Opposition"

Download file to see previous pages However, America desired French support in Western Europe and feared that the triumph of communism in Vietnam would lead to its successive spread all over Asia – the ‘Domino Theory’. Despite massive American aid to the French, the Viet-Minh consolidated control over North Vietnam and the coastal areas of the South. Minh received “substantial aid from communist China and the Soviet Union” (165). Vietnam became a theater of the Cold War.
The French were decisively defeated in 1954 at the Battle of Dien Bhien Phu. The subsequent Geneva Accord divided Vietnam into North and South Vietnam along the 17th parallel, pending elections. America supported the anti-communist government of South Vietnam, led by Ngo Dinh Diem, the unpopular, “corrupt, autocratic” (166), who opposed reunification and unleashed state terror on all opposition. In 1960 The National Liberation Front, or the Viet Cong, dominated by communists, was formed “to overthrow the camouflaged colonial regime of the American imperialists” (166). President Kennedy increased American aid and military advisors to Diem to fight the communists. “With the tacit acceptance of American government” (167), Diem was overthrown by a military coup and assassinated. Lyndon Baines Johnson further increased military advisors and aid to South Vietnam. On very dubious grounds, related to the supposed attack on American vessels by North Vietnam, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was passed in 1964, granting the President authority “to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States” (168). Johnson escalated the Vietnam War with Operation Rolling Thunder, a bombing mission, and deployed over half a million American troops in Vietnam. American soldiers, unprepared for the complexity of Vietnam, and the non-cooperation of Vietnamese civilians. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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