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The Cold War Precipitating Factors - Admission/Application Essay Example

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This discussion talks that with the end of World War II in 1945, the partnership of the Allies breaks up. The relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union, inherently opposed in terms of “traditions, belief systems, propinquity, and convenience”…
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The Cold War Precipitating Factors
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Download file to see previous pages The underlying causes of the Cold War are ideology, economy, and power rivalry. To the democratic, capitalist U.S.A., the communist, totalitarian U.S.S.R. is an adversary. On the Soviet side, in 1946, Stalin blames “the present capitalistic conditions of world economic development” (143) for the world wars. Churchill retaliates with the famous “Iron Curtain” speech, condemning the fact that Eastern Europe, including East Germany, Poland, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Romania, and Bulgaria lie within the “Soviet sphere of influence” (143). In order to stop the spread of communism, America adopts the policy of ‘Containment,’ by which “Every attempt by the USSR to expand its sphere of influence should be met by a firm American counter-response” (144). In 1947, The Truman Doctrine, committing America “to aid pro-Western, anti-communist forces all over the world” (144), becomes the basis of American foreign policy. This policy is enshrined in the National Security Councils’ NSC-68 document, which portrays the USSR as “an aggressive for” seeking to “impose its absolute authority over the rest of the world” (147). NSC-68 calls for increased defense spending, and a massive military build-up, in order to counter the Soviet “policy of extending communism” (139).
Economic factors play a role in the Cold War. The Soviets plan to keep Germany divided and weak and siphon funds from East Germany to repair the Soviet economy. America, on the other hand, desires a “politically unified, economically self-sufficient Germany that would counter-balance Soviet power” (143). In 1948, the USSR blockades the Western sectors of Berlin, precipitating the Berlin Crises. Truman orders the triumphant ‘Berlin Airlift’, after which the division of Germany into East and West Germany becomes official. Stalin effectively denies American economic access to Eastern Europe.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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