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The paper describes the patterns, developments, controversies, problems and major sub-issues regarding each issue. As part of this paper, the relationships between the two issues and possible solutions that are effective in the next twenty-five years are discussed.
Armed conflicts refer to the armed conflicts between two or more organized parties in disputes about power over government and territory (Moir, 2002 p210). There are 118 armed conflicts that ensued between 1990 and 1999, of which ten were strictly inter-state conflict. Five were wars of independence, and one hundred wars were primarily internal conflicts. Violent conflicts in Europe, including Turkey, Caucasus and Russia, accounts for two-thirds of the increased incidents of wars in the early 1990s (Moir, 2002 p210). Europe in the early 1990s became one of the most violent regions in the world. The annual reduction in the number of conflicts after 1992 is as a result of changes in Europe. There are a number of factors that led to the rise of international and regional armed conflicts. Poor economic status of different nations is the leading cause of intra-state armed conflicts in the modern world. The greatest challenge facing the current governments is resource allocation. The resources are limited in supply, and their demand is high. Most governments normally allocate more resources to urban centers and regions that are highly productive than dry, remote area. This makes some local governments feel neglected by the central governments, and this may cause conflict between different local governments (Moir, 2002 p211). Repressive political systems in transition periods are also the other significant cause of intra-state armed conflicts. Reformists and opposition parties are often witnessed organizing riots to protest against some political policies introduced by the sitting authority. This sometimes grows worst to appoint
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Women and Human Rights The major provisions in International Law for the promotion and the protection of the rights of women There are four main documents in International Law directed on protection and promotion of the rights of women. The first document is Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
In most of the cases the military action is taken against the established government of a particular state and that is the reason there is a divide between scholars, leaders and general public on the legality and legitimacy of the humanitarian intervention.
These aspects about human life and human rights are protected through various laws including The Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC). However, the fact is, motives to indulge in conflict are constantly changing and. due to their nature, the laws which govern armed conflict are not be viable in today’s world.
However, massacre during both times happened during a general war, which made Lemkin think of genocide as one of the kinds of warfare. Lemkin coined the word genocide to explain the massacre against civilians in his book, Axis Rule in Occupied Europe. Lemkin described genocide as “a concentrated and coordinated attack upon all the elements of nationhood” (Shaw, 2007, p.
The paper explores Human rights in Turkey within the broader scheme of the global human rights protection. The paper concludes that, although, Turkey has made considerable improvements with regard to human rights, especially rights centering on freedom of expression; however, Turkey has a long way to go to eradicate human rights violations.
To this end, the human rights and the territorial rights of the people in these weaker nations were left to the domineering foreign nation. This was the cause of wars in the world and tensions between nations. Thus, after the massive destruction of lives and properties in the Second World War, the United Nations was set up to protect human rights and national/territorial sovereignty of nations.
s and several situations have been averted altogether with the use of diplomacy and economic measures as exemplified by the workings of the European Union.
At the same time, there are several places around the world where conflict remains active and humanitarian intervention is
A distinction used to exist in the traditional view of the humanitarian law of armed conflict between international and non-international armed conflict. The previously mentioned observation is supported by the fact that the Additional Protocols to the Geneva Convention of 1949 dealt separately with international conflict and non-international conflict.