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The Drug Cartel Issues in Mexico - Essay Example

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Mexican drug trafficking cartels and organizations have been in existence since 1980’s though they became more powerful in the 1990’s after the demise of the Colombian Medellin and Cali drug cartels…
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The Drug Cartel Issues in Mexico
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Download file to see previous pages The demise of the Cali and Medellín drug cartels in Colombia led to the rise of the Mexican drug organizations to fill up the vacuum (Jeffrey, 267). The U.S Closure of the Florida cocaine trafficking route pushed for the need of a new trafficking route hence increasing the role played by Mexican cartels in the trafficking. Weintraub (150) believes that Colombian drug organizations still maintain a significant control in South America mainly in cocaine and heroin smuggling to the eastern U.S.
The Mexican government claims that there are seven major drug cartels that operate inside Mexico. They include; Gulf, Sinaloa, and Juárez which have their presence in much of Mexico (Leonard, 25). The Juárez drug cartel is found in at least 21 Mexican states while the Sinaloa cartel has its presence in at least 17 states. The Gulf cartel has its presence in at least 13 Mexican states. Also, the Tijuana drug cartel has its presence in 15 states (Colleen, 3). According to David Luhnow and José de Cordoba (1) Mexicos cartels already have tentacles that stretch across the Mexican border. The U.S. Justice department estimates that Mexican gangs are operating in at least 230 cities and towns in both countries.
David Luhnow and José de Cordoba (1) reveal that the major drug cartels have formed alliances with one another in recent years. As a result of prison negotiations between their leaders, the Gulf and the Tijuana cartels have formed an alliance. “The Federation” is an alliance composed of representatives from the Valencia, Sinaloa, and Juárez drug cartels. They do work together, but remain independent and autonomous drug organizations (Colleen, 194).
According to (1), 90% of the automatic weapons used by the cartels are made and purchased in the U.S legally. The 2,000 mile border between San Diego, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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