China and Japan had very different reactions to Western imperialism. Japan was successful in preventing itself from being a European colony. China on the other hand tried to resist the imperialism and was defeated. …
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Chinese efforts to strengthen it politically, militarily and economically also failed. China would become dominated by unequal treaties of foreign powers. Japan would become a major world power able to compete against the European countries. Japan in the seventeenth and eighteenth century was undergoing a period of isolation in which European missionaries and traders were highly restricted in their movements. Under American pressure in 1853, Japan would open its ports and sign unequal treaties with European powers. Japan began a series of reforms known as the Meiji Restoration in which the feudal system was abolished, economic reforms were launched, military was modernized and Western political concepts were applied to the country. The Meiji restoration would transform Japan into a major industrialized and economic power which was capable of competing with the West. Japan would use its modern military to inflict crushing defeats on Russia and China. During World War II, Japan would embark upon a policy of conquering several South East Asian countries before being defeated by the United States. Under the American occupation, Japan would again rebuild itself into a pacifist but economically powerful country. China in the nineteenth century suffered from strife, corruption, stagnation and various internal problems. The Chinese also had to deal with foreigners who were now taking control of many territories in Asia. The Chinese monarchy was arrogant in its dealings with Europeans. Trade between Europe and China brought a series of conflicts in which China was humiliated and defeated. As trade increased between European traders and Chinese, this led to increased hostility between European governments and China.
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They employed a number of strategies to be able to participate in the conflict without actually declaring war, but none of these eventually proved effective in keeping the United States out of the conflict in Europe and in the Pacific Theatre. There are several factors that led to the United States almost inevitably entering the war, mostly external to the country.
If we analyzed then we come to know that in new times the source of war on a world scale has always been imperialist competition between China and Japan. At the present that the collective bloc has fall to pieces, conflicts between contending imperialist powers will unavoidably come to the fore and control global relations, as they have so frequently in the past.
The reason Japan turned to imperialism and war during this period was threefold; the depression was devastating the nation, going to war always attenuates the effects of negative economic forces by increasing domestic industry and production while providing access to additional resources, and the Japanese understood that expanding their political authority would contribute to overall economic prosperity.
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