Download file to see previous pages...
History of art, along with history of science and philosophy, endeavors to record and interpret the ways in which human consciousness perceives and makes sense of itself and the world around it. Ethical principles and cultural values that informed the development of Western civilization are deeply rooted in its classical origins and, therefore, in its heavy reliance on the rationalist school of thought. Classicism, rationalism and humanism - the concept that can be regarded as a derivative of the first two - not only defined the path of Western culture, but also ensured this culture's extreme openness and perceptivity towards other cultures and non-Western schools and systems.This heritage of rationalist philosophy and humanist ethics ensured that in a complex historical situation the 20th century art drew its strength and inspiration from the same humanistic principles and managed to sustain an essentially positive and optimistic view of the oncoming cultural changes, brought on by industrial and social revolutions. On the examples of high modernism in poetry, Cubism in painting and International Style in architecture this essay will attempt to demonstrate the continuity within rationalist and humanist tradition that modern and postmodern Western art displayed. This continuity manifests itself, firstly, in acknowledging the historical sense within modernism, in claiming the indebtedness of the new art to classicism and tradition. Secondly, it expresses itself in questioning the nature of representation and emergence of non-realist schools and movements as a consequence of applying rationalist tools of scientific knowledge to specifically artistic ways of cognition. Thirdly, this continuity is reflected in challenging aestheticist ideas, in growing popularity of instrumentalist theories of art and in the idea of artistic 'engagement' which has undeniable affinity with the concept of humanism. And lastly, the evidence of such continuity can be found in relatively recent phenomena of internationalization and globalization that affected all postmodern art and invited its interpretation as ultimately, universally humanist.
The first half of the 20th century is often perceived as a time of breaking away from tradition, a time of explosive growth of avant-garde schools and movements, a time when new means of representation were being adopted to reflect revolutionary changes in science, technology and societal structures. These movements, despite their belonging to different spheres of art, literature and music, came to be known under a common name of modernism. It is not easily realised and admitted that modernism, for all its innovative spirit and love of experimentation, was fully consequential, if not predictable. It did not come out of nothing; it grew out of a certain tradition and emerged within the paradigm of rationalist and humanist values.
An adequate first example to support our argument is T.S. Eliot, a poet who was also one of the first theorists of high modernism. Eliot's poetry is highly innovative in form and style; it bears all characteristics of high modernism (fragmentation, intertextual allusions, rejection of traditional forms and rhyme); at the same time it explicitly states its regard for classicism and tradition. Eliot expressed this regard in his seminal essay "Tradition and the Individual Talent", written in 1919:
The historical sense involves a perception, not only of the pastness of the past, but of its presence; the historical sense compels a man to write not merely with his own generation in his bones, but with a feeling that the whole of the literature of Europe and within it the whole of the literature of his own country has a simultaneous existence and composes a simultaneous order. (Eliot, 38)
In the poem "Mr Appolinax", part of his most renowned collection, Prufrock and Other Observations, Eliot makes frequent use of classical allusions and conveys the sense of modernity being enclosed within the timelessness
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The impact of historical developments to culture
Culture is not permanent, overtime, it has to change due to influences of technology, historical developments, environments and economy.
Inventions, for one, changed lifestyles and cultures of people. For instance, inventions of the television, and lately, the internet, have kept families apart because now they have less time to interact with each other.
Date 20th Century Modern Art The two genres of art that emerged and became popular in the post WWII era were Abstract Expressionism and Pop Art, while New York became the art capital of the world, allowing development and comparison of different art forms.
The author explains that her husband and she are both working and also attending higher education. Therefore, a daily experience would involve waking at about 6 in the morning to prepare breakfast for the family; prior to going to their respective routines: children go to school, while her husband and she goes to their respective places of work.
In my opinion, the five of the most notable artists who helped shape the 20th century include Pablo Picasso, The Beatles, Marlon Brando, Le Corbusier and Coco Chanel.
It was the liberating influence of Pablo Picasso’s artwork that came to be the basis why he
The author of the paper states that Art took on different forms and names as new concepts developed and artists from different regions of the world contributed to the development and evolution of Art. This is a continual process that has moved on from the Twentieth century to the Twenty-first century.
He also created the famous animated cartoon, Mickey Mouse. “Walt Disney is famous for his many films, innovative theme parks, and the animated character Mickey Mouse” (Cyprus, n.d.).
Walt Disney was born on 5 December, 1901
This piece of art wasn’t made overnight, in fact Seurat spent over two years on this single painting. He used to sit quietly at a park and would focus on its light techniques, color combinations and form. The size of the painting is approximately 2 by 3 meters (6 ft
In addition, it describes movements in applied arts that appeared in the decades before the First World War. It had roots in the changes in the western world in the nineteenth century, and it is a revocation of the works of the 19th-century enlightenment thinkers (Whitworth, 31).
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic 20th century art and culture for FREE!