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INTERNATIONAL AID AND DEVELOPMENT: RECONSTRUCTION FOLLOWING STATE FAILURE- ISSUES AND EVIDENCE. QUESTION IS: ' THE SUCCESS - Essay Example

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The Success of Reconstruction Varies According to the Scale of State Collapse Boutros Boutros Ghali, former Secretary General of the United Nations, describes state collapse as the “collapse of state institutions with resulting paralysis of governance, a breakdown of law and order, and general banditry and chaos” (Thurer 1999)…
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INTERNATIONAL AID AND DEVELOPMENT: RECONSTRUCTION FOLLOWING STATE FAILURE- ISSUES AND EVIDENCE. ESSAY QUESTION IS: THE SUCCESS
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"INTERNATIONAL AID AND DEVELOPMENT: RECONSTRUCTION FOLLOWING STATE FAILURE- ISSUES AND EVIDENCE. QUESTION IS: ' THE SUCCESS"

Download file to see previous pages Reconstruction of States following conflicts is usually conducted with the help of various countries and organizations in the spirit of peace, development and brotherhood of nations, infusing financial and human resources in to a target State. In most cases, donor countries provide assistance in the forms of technical expertise and establish cooperative development programmes for locales where the State has no capacity to provide for the needs and protect the right of its populace (Giorgetti, p. 20). International Development Programmes Many developed countries like the United States of America, Japan, Canada, Germany and the United Kingdom, have their own foreign aid agencies and programmes providing technical and financial assistance to other countries rising from collapse, poverty or underdevelopment affecting its populace (Giorgetti, pp. 18-20). Most foreign development interventions normally follow the necessity for consent and cooperation of a recipient country. International development projects and programmes normally involve the infusion of technical advice and assistance from foreign international experts, and in some cases, these experts are tasked to manage key functions of governance within target countries. International development programmes and projects may range from the delivery of basic human services like healthcare services, agricultural and food development, to the restructuring and strengthening of judicial and legal systems of target/host countries. The first organizations to establish development assistance packages, through the study, expansion and institutionalization of good governance as an accepted policy for development, are the World Bank (WB) and the United Nations (UN) through its various agencies and international programmes. The World Bank is best known for its implementation of economic governance programmes in the form of technical assistance and loan packages. The United Nations on the other hand focused on the delivery of basic human services and assistance as well as resolving conflict and legal issues within target or recipient countries. Food and agriculture improvement programs of the UN are the World Food Program (WFP) and programs by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), with healthcare development, like provision of water, sanitation and general health, implemented by the World Health Organization and the UN International Children’s Educational Fund (UNICEF) (Giorgetti, pp. 18-20). Over the years, foreign aid programmes and the number of donor countries increased and were not limited to developed nations. To date, an estimated thirty nations, including European, North American, Middle East, former socialist countries, India, China, Japan and other middle – income countries like Turkey, Korea and Thailand, have established international development assistance loans and programmes providing aid to other less developed nations of the world. International organizations and programmes have also increased like the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Asian Development Bank (ADB), African Development Bank, and Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) as well as international civic assistance organizations like the United Kingdom based Volunteer Service Organization (VSO) and the US-based Peace Corps, all of whom provide technical and financial assistance to target countries. In 2004 alone, an estimated $100 billion was provided worldwide in terms ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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