It is one of the most common diseases in Western countries. Although a growing awareness of hypertension and its complications, its treatment is still insufficient for many older people. It may also be secondary to…
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Environmental factors and age also predispose people to hypertension. Environmental factors related to blood pressure are high salt in diet, obesity and physical inactivity. Obesity increases the risk of cardiovascular mortality, diabetes and hypertension. Active older adults showed a less obesity and lower risk of cardiovascular disease. A large peripheral vascular resistance increase variability of blood pressure in the elderly. Age-related changes in multiple systems, such as cardiovascular systems, blood pressure, predispose the elderly (Shapiro, 1996, p. iii).
Good control of blood pressure was found to be most useful for the elderly. The goal of treatment is to minimize future long-term complications of hypertension. In general, the goal is to maintain the target pressure mm less than 140/90 of mercury (mm / Hg), as much as possible. If the target blood pressure is not achieved, an objective of the intermediate target blood pressure below 160 by 90 is beneficial for the elderly. Older people with diabetes or renal disease require more aggressive treatment. The target blood pressure for this group should be 130/80 mm / Hg. Those having 85 years of age the benefits of treating hypertension are controversial. This is not an ideal destination for the control of blood pressure target in this group. This is partly due to the heterogeneity of this age group and sufficient information on the benefits of treating hypertension in this population. Management of individuals, especially those over 85 years, must take account of current medications and overall health. Possible side effects of drug treatment should be weighed against the benefits of blood pressure under control. In the elderly with limited life expectancy, the treatment goal should be to minimize the symptoms associated with increased blood pressure and keep the number of target blood pressure (Ivanova & Petrova, 2009).
Treatment of hypertension
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Normal levels of BP defined by Joint National Committee 7 (JNC 7) state values of 120 mm of Hg and 80 mm of Hg for systolic and diastolic respectively (Chobanian et al. 2003). The American Heart Association (AHA) defines hypertension as systolic and diastolic BP higher than 140 and 90 mm of Hg respectively (Carretero & Oparil 2000).
Hypertension can be normalized through various ways. For instance, having a healthy lifestyle can greatly help mitigate the advent of hypertension. Healthy life styles that can help reduce the condition include recreation, rest, low salt intake, proper diet, enrolling in an exercise program and minimizing on alcohol intake.
What type of learning strategy might help him? Since Jose is a native Spanish speaker, extra attention is required to ensure that he develops his English language skills, especially when he is having trouble searching for clues and links to English vocabulary.
It is a hypertension research paper that analyzes details of the disease through the use of empirical literatures finding. The research that has been done shows that hypertension is a chronic medical state that leads to augmented vulnerability to life-threatening illness. Stroke and coronary heart disease, are the two leading causes of fatality in the United States, these disorders are associated or directly linked to hypertension. As the occurrence of heart disease and stroke commences to augment, finding feasible techniques for treating and remedying the hypertension becomes crucial.
Hypertension is a symptomless condition, though the below could indirectly point towards the condition: a. Blood spots observed in the eyes b. Dizziness c. Facial flushing (www.heart.org) B. The Main Causes of Hypertension The principle causes include genetics and lifestyle (www.heart.org).
Hypertension is dangerous. Even moderate elevation of arterial blood pressure leads to shortened life expectancy. At severely high pressures, defined as mean arterial pressures 50% or more above average, a person can expect to live no more than a few years unless appropriately treated.
This salt and water retention in turn raise the body's blood pressure resulting in hypertension (diastolic pressure above 104) (Renovascular Hypertension 2006) Renovascular hypertension is termed secondary hypertension as it is caused by the activity in an isolated part of the body.
The role of nurses has been unrecognized in the past in relation to hypertension. With time more and more evidence is suggesting that nurses can do more than measure blood pressure. By applying methods apart from pharmacotherapy, nurses can help motivate patients in creating better lifestyles and preventing the chances of developing any complications.
The paper describes two approaches in depression treatment. A depressed person exaggerates and attaches extremely negative meanings to themselves and their surroundings. Cognitive therapy is designed to disassemble the client’s problems in to various components and the therapist provides the client with tools that would make their problems manageable.
Hypertension is a huge problem in the USA the world general. The number of recorded deaths that were related to hypertension in 2011 in the USA was 27,853 (Deaths: Final Data for 2011, 2011).
Hypertension cases are grouped into two: primary hypertension and secondary
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