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Despite the challenges, the aging population seems to create new opportunities because people will have longer healthier lives hence extended working years besides different capacities and needs (Lutz 34). The key to survival depends on adaptation on individual, organisational and societal levels. Japan is facing the population-aging crisis now. It is a resource-poor island hence changes in population size and structure tends to present a serious problem.
Japan faced a problem of a large not-working population until the 1950s. From 1600-1868, the Edo period, Japan opted to hold down its population through extremely desperate means such as infanticide as well as negligence of the old people (Coulmas 5). Towards late 19 century, the population rose and it was unlikely that japan would ever face a shortage of births. However, that is what Japan is experiencing and has experienced over a couple of past decades. Over the last half century, death rates have reduced and the life span has increased by about 30 years. For women, life expectancy is currently at 82 whereas for men it is 76 (Uhlenberg 134). The number of those aged 65 and above was 14% of the population in 1994 and by the 2010; Japan was among the leading in the world in this measure. In Japan, people in their seventies and eighties are prevalent and even centenarians have increased in number.
The difference in population structure is due to factors such as fertility and mortality(Coulmas 25).Women in Japan are no longer in a hurry to get married like in previous generations and when they marry, they sire fewer children. In Japan, unmarried women rarely have babies hence the slow rate of marriages contributes to the decreased young population. Women in japan have also opted on continuing with their education to get better job opportunities compared to those of earlier years. In addition, unmarried men are more than unmarried women hence
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The latest demographics indicate that there is a large population of an aging population of Chinese people who are residing in New York. Their existence goes back to the early days where a large number of Asians migrated to America in search for better living conditions.
The shogun system prohibited all trade with foreign countries between 1603 and 1867 (“Japan”). It was not until Emperor Meiji came to the throne in 1868 that this anti-trade policy was eradicated. In the 1930’s and early 1940’s, Japan did not have a good relationship with the West due to World War II.
National programmers have predicted that this emerging trend may lead to a pension payment problem for the Chinese state and may reduce the China’s ability to compete in the world market in few days to come (England 2). The prediction is that the same trend will definitely lead to creation of growing demand for the health care products and nutritional services in China.
When people become old, their participation changes with respect to leisure and recreation activities. This change occurs as a result of inherent transitions within the life cycle of these people. In this respect, the intervention of the government as well as the nongovernmental institutions plays an important role.
Chronological aging defines aging based on person’s number of years since birth while psychological aging includes the changes in perceptual and sensory processes that individual face during their life. Some psychological changes that are associated with aging include changes decline in memory capability, intelligence decline and changes in both values and personality of an individual (Scheibe & Carstensen, 2010, p 142).
As the percentage of elderly people increases, they will continue to be accommodated. That the few (workers) will support the many (seniors) is a given. However, the few must remember that one day it will become their turn to be supported by the few.
issues that affect both men and women identify need for concern about women’s health because the issues affect women in different ways from their effects on men. women, for example, are more likely to succumb to cardiovascular complications that men are. Similarly, women are
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