“Human trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjugation to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery” ( Simon p.1 ) There is no requirement…
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The question posed is whether the different law enforcement tactics to combat human trafficking including criminal intelligence sharing and cooperation is working. I would say that based on the research in the 2 articles provided it is working at least to the extent of slowing down the rate of increase of human trafficking incidents if not actually decreasing them. Some of the causes of human trafficking are beyond the direct control of law enforcement such as poverty, political and/or social inequalities, natural disasters like Katrina and political influences. Also the extent of human trafficking is difficult to quantify due to the reluctance of victims to alert law enforcement even if they can for fear of deportation and/or retribution from the traffickers. The 2 articles provided address the issue of US human trafficking in different ways. Simon discusses effective policing whereas Hepburn et al focuses on advances in legislation.
Simon’s methodology is to survey Florida police departments and non government social service organizations (NGOs) to assess their policies for fighting human trafficking. He notes that proactive community policing has proven more effective than traditional reactive policing in fighting crimes such as human trafficking. This involves officers interacting with members of immigrant communities, preferably in their own language, and NGOs catering to them to gain intelligence about suspected trafficking operations. Also since prosecutions are pursued federally there must be cooperation between the 2 levels to ensure local police identify and stop the crime, manage victims and protect evidence to ensure prosecutions are effective. Police officers must be trained not only in the law but also how to deal empathetically with fearful victims.
On the other hand, the Hepburn et al article outlines developments in
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The author states that greed for money and riches has triggered human trafficking where individuals concerned have their victims introduced to their evil ways of making money. The ways include introduction to prostitution and pornography, sexual exploitation in people of diverse ages; that is, children young adults and even the old.
Achieving this objective is easier said than done as cooperation and coordination between states is fraught by a number of difficulties since individual states have limited experiences relative to dealing with human trafficking.1 This paper evaluates the efforts made by the EU and will examine ways in which these efforts can be improved for the purpose of developing an effective cooperative and coordinative anti-human trafficking framework.
The terms “involuntary servitude, debt bondage, and forced labor” are others names that imply some form of exploitation and the forcible detainment of another person against his or her own volition. Regardless to the name or term used human trafficking is crime, a crime against humanity and a gross violation of human rights.
The paper operates mainly based on research questions which can be stated as follows. How do law enforcement agencies share information to combat transnational crime and terrorism in the post 9/11 era? What human factors contribute to the successful implementation and sustainment of technological systems used to share information in the law enforcement community? What information-sharing gaps exist after statutory post 9/11 efforts were implemented?
In USA, President’s Commission on law enforcement and administration of justice played significant role in bringing several positive changes in the law enforcement or Police system. It has also undergone tremendous changes after the terrorist attack of World Trade Centre in USA on 11th September, 2001.
It has been used throughout history in the interrogation of human prisoners from the opposite warring state. The Geneva Conventions and its protocols, as well as the Convention Against Torture, provided the safety mechanisms to ensure that no prisoners would be abused or subjected to torture.
and girls are forced into prostitution, men and boys into hard labor, children into sex slavery and revolutionary soldiering and babies into adoption. Poverty, female prejudice, unemployment, organized crime outfits, corruption and great prostitute demand are main causes.
One way of ensuring that there is security for all is by the enactment of laws that define public regulations and how people are expected to conduct themselves (Spehar et al, 2008). But often, the presence of the law
The author states that high rate of missing children in the various countries makes Human Trafficking a global crisis and raises much concern for the integrity of human morals and intention of the traffickers who were stealing children from the countries. The immigration departments at the US borders have loop holes in their organizations.
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