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The paper shall also take into account the role of the media and social stereotypes along with the role that different cultures play in the establishment of gender identities.
Gender identity refers to the roles of masculinity or femininity that are assigned to individuals on the basis of certain markers, in a certain society. This may vary from one culture to another and no fixed definition exists in society. These identities change over time as well and not just spatially. For instance the Victorian models of femininity have changed a lot and English women no longer abide by the codes of conduct that women in Jane Austen’s novels scrupulously followed. This, however, has certain similarities to the conduct expected of women of countries that were colonized by England. Apart from pointing to the fluid nature of gender identities, this phenomenon also points to the fact that gender identities are influenced by a
The sexual orientation of a person decides the partner that he or she may wish to enter into sexual intercourse with. The politics of sexual orientation, however, does not end with producing effects on the choice of a partner though. Desire and gender identities are closely linked and both affect the other. Judith Butler talks of this in her work, Undoing Gender, where she talks of how unconventional sexual orientations affect the conventional definitions of masculinity and femininity that are set by the society, thus offering a challenge to the conventional hierarchies in society (Butler, 2003). Both heterosexuality and homosexuality can offer challenges to oppressive heteronormative social setups; however, homosexual orientations have great effectiveness in challenging the social unit that is the most important factor in the perpetuation of heteronormative societies: the family. Homosexual units offer possibilities to the parties involved to redefine the nature of conjugal relationships and to restructure the society.
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Gender is the characteristics that distinguish between femininity and masculinity (Fausto, 2000, pp. 13). These characteristics can be mental, physical and behavioral. Thus, depending on the context, gender can be referred to as sex since this is the state of being male or female, based on the physical characteristics of the individual.
Other factors that determine gender identity include environmental situations, genetic factors, and psychological factors and sexual hormones. Gender identification is mostly consistent with sex in respect of chromosomes. Anyone destined to become a girl or a boy has their fate sealed the moment an ovum is fertilized by a sperm.
Gender refers to the social and psychological characteristics associated with an individual being male or female.Gender identity is a perception of self as a masculine or feminine. Socially recognized indicators include hairstyle, body shape, and other mannerisms. This paper will aim to discuss the following questions: What are the general gender roles accepted in the society?
However, it is revealing that the influence of genes is especially advanced in settings that are disadvantaged. It is in these surroundings that gender stereotypes are most prevalent. Therefore, the creation of gender identity by nurture, for example, in a stereotypical environment, is first and foremost dependent on nature and how a child identifies him/herself.
biological peculiarities) of a person for a long period of time has been considered as a basis and a prime course of all psychological and social differences between men and women. In consequence of numerous researches it has become clear that from biological point of view there is much more sameness than differences between men and women.
According to the report GID or gender identity disorder is a condition in which a person may feel difference in his/ her biological identity and gender identity. Gender identity disorder usually identifies when a child start believing that he is opposite and conflicting of his biologic sex. Development of gender identity is not a short process.
In the absence of testosterone, gonads develop into ovaries and female sexual characteristics appear
At puberty the surge in male testosterone results in the growth spurt and maturation of external genitalia. The surge in