Confucianism: Obstacle to Reforms and Modernization in Late Qing China
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... Obstacle to Reforms and Modernization in Late Qing China Introduction Confucianism has been considered as a religious belief similar to Christianity, Islam, or Buddhism. The truth, however, is that Confucianism does not have any deity and it does not have any teaching regarding life after death, which are two aspects that are common subjects of religious beliefs. Confucianism is accurately described as a system of teachings on matters of relationships between human beings. It is “a body of philosophical teachings about human beings, their values, their institutions, and so on or about, simply, a way of life in this, but not the next world” (Chen 1999: 27). Confucius did not try to propagate his...