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... Religion and Theology Final Exam Section One According to the ethical command to "do good and avoid evil", the individual is bound to follow their judgment of conscience. However, it is possible for the conscience to be in error. According to the Catholic Tradition, how does one protect, as best as possible, their conscience from error? What are the reasons why a conscience may be erroneous? What role does the teaching authority of the Catholic Church play in this regard? Based on the teaching from Catechism of the Catholic Church (1789), different rules apply in various situations. In this case, evil is not committed with expectations of deriving good, and this forms the Golden Rule. However,...