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Francovich
Francovich
2 pages (500 words)
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... (a) Briefly set out the facts of the case. Answer. The facts of the case C-6/90 is that Mr. Francovich, an ex employee of CDN Elettronica SnC in Vicenza initiated proceedings before the Pretura for non-payment of wages against the defendant for a nearby sum of LIT 6 million. Because the ex-employer did not pay to Mr. Francovich, he put the claim under Directive 80/987 that the Italian government pay the damages (Opinion of Advocate General Mischo, 1991, I-5371). Question1. (b) The Court refers to Case 152/84 Marshall v Southampton and SW Hampshire AHA. Explain the legal issue and ruling in that case. Answer. The legal issue pertains to Mrs. Sutton, who has been fighting for her right on interest of t...
Social Media
Social Media
3 pages (750 words)
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... Media Social Media Question Social media, in the recent past have become a major avenue that is being incorporated in the field of advertisement (Evans, & Mckee, 2010). For the existing channels of social media to be a perfect, the advertising manager has to ensure that they incorporate a good and perfectly managed media accounts because they make the greatest contribution to the success of advertisements. It is more preferable to have a variety of them as it increases the number of views, which is directly proportional to the audience for the particular product or service. The advertising manager should thus ensure that the audience have interest and have the potential of purchasing and using the...
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2 pages (500 words)
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... – Political System The political system of United s is essentially a federal republic and headed by a president belonging to the UnitedStates Congress. The elections at the centre and the state, both function in a system governed by two parties. The judiciary powers lie with the judiciary branch, which has the Supreme Court and the federal courts. The judicial system is engaged with interpretation of the constitution of U.S. and the federal laws such that they can solve the problems arising between the legislative and the executive branches of the nation. The parties who are predominant in the State are the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. There are other minor parties as well and all...
The Canadian Criminal Justice System
The Canadian Criminal Justice System
3 pages (750 words)
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... Canadian Criminal Justice System Introduction The primary objective of the Canadian Criminal Justice System is to ensure there is order by providing justice as provided in the constitution of the country. Precisely, the system interprets the laws of the country that are covered in the constitution that is a supreme law that governs any sovereign nation. The system administers punishment to those who have been found culpable of criminal offences. Additionally, it controls the magnitude of punishment given to law offenders. Example of a sentence that may be imposed on offenders includes, participating in community service, fines, probation or even imprisonment (Correctional Service Canada, 2008). Con...
Political science
Political science
2 pages (500 words)
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... Application Essay, Political Science Chapter Nine In what ways does the structure of the court systemin the United States reflect the principles of federalism? In the US courts the principle is applied by giving the individual states the mandate to form and operate their judicial structures in their jurisdictions (Primo & Clarke 126). This gives the states the power to enforce their laws and enforce punishments to the offenders. However, there was a mutual coexistence between the state courts and the federal courts whereby some cases were tried in the state courts and also at the federal courts. Despite the states having the jurisdiction to enforce laws, they could create a monarchy (Whitten & Kells...
Country Report on Mexico
Country Report on Mexico
3 pages (750 words)
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... Country Report on Mexico There are various political s in Mexico. One of the s is the presidency. The president acts as a leader of the government. The president is the appointing authority for the cabinet. Appointment of some of the officials such as attorney general requires the approval of the senate. The election of the president occurs after six-year period (Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) 1). The president election is also done through popular vote. The current president is known as Enrique Pena Nieto. He has been the president since 1 December 2012 (CIA 1). The other institution is the legislature. The institution has two components: the senate and the Chamber of Deputies (CIA 1). The...
Marbury v. Madison
Marbury v. Madison
3 pages (750 words)
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... head: MARBURY V. MADISON Introduction The involving Marbury v. Madison and the impact of Chief Justice John Marshal and his decision in 1803 has in its entity strengthened the judiciary as a judicial review case1. This case was arguably the most significant in the history of Supreme Court in the United States. Marbury v. Madison was the first U.S. Supreme Court case to utilize the “judicial review” principle. This principle highlighted the might of the federal courts to bur the Congress from conflicting with the Constitution. The decision written in 1803 through the Chief Justice John Marshall, which played a major role in making the Supreme Court a distinct branch of government at level with the...
The American Experiment
The American Experiment
2 pages (500 words)
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... American Experiment al Affiliation The American Experiment Jury verdicts have far-reaching effects on the lives of thousands ofindividuals all over the world including the United States every year. The panel consists of a group of twelve lay people that the authorities choose at random from the general population. The Panels serve many vital and related functions that include increasing the accountability of the judicial systems to the popular will of the people (Murphy, Pritchett, Epstein & Knight, 2006). They achieve this goal by reducing the isolation that had characterized the judiciary, and also they aid in limiting arbitrary government actions. Jurists make their deliberations under the cloak...
Law Making in the UK
Law Making in the UK
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Questions Question Define page 11,89 WH100, Block An Act of Parliament is a law passed by the parliament in Westminster whichoperates throughout the United Kingdom, and which can be enforced by a court of law. It may on occasions be superceded by a law from one of the devolved parliaments e.g. the Welsh Assembly. Acts of Parliament, together with common law and those originating in the European Union and from the European Court of Human Rights. make up legislation in the United Kingdom. 2. Delegated legislation ( page 114) is when parliament makes a change in the law based upon existing legislation known as ‘mother acts’. Such things as local byelaws or professional rules are delegated legislation....
Convicting the innocent: Analyzing Wrongful Convictions
Convicting the innocent: Analyzing Wrongful Convictions
5 pages (1250 words)
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... It is imperative that the judicial system works. The system of right and wrong in society must be equal for everyone, and equally applied. In the case of individuals wrongfully convicted of a crime, we see a system that has truly broken down at its most basic function. Nobody benefits from an accused person being sentenced to a crime that they simply did not commit. The victim of the actual crime loses. Society loses faith in the system. The guilty are left free in the community to commit more crimes; while the innocent lose what shred of freedom they had on the outside. It is simply an unspeakable horror to be sentenced wrongly to serve a prison sentence, yet it is not a problem that happens only...
Labour Law
Labour Law
6 pages (1500 words)
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... role of the Court or Employment Tribunal is to decide whether the worker is an employee or independent contractor. With little help from sta y definitions, the Courts have developed various tests. Discuss The legal status of a worker as an independent contractor or employee is fundamental in determining the rights of a worker, particularly in light of the increasingly employee centric protective legislative framework. The focus of this paper is to critically evaluate the approach of the judiciary to distinguishing between independent contractor and employee. It is submitted at the outset that the issue remains contentious particularly in light of the continuous changes in working practices. From ...
Latinos underepresentation in the criminal justice system are reflect in the lack of latinos judges in the United States Supreme Court
Latinos underepresentation in the criminal justice system are reflect in the lack of latinos judges in the United States Supreme Court
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Underrepresentation in the Criminal Justice System Research Paper Introduction Latinos are one of the largest racial groups in the United States, yet are still underrepresented and discriminated in the criminal justice system, especially in the U.S. Supreme Court or, generally, in the legal profession. The continuous underrepresentation of Latinos in the criminal justice system has negative effects for Latinos, and adversely affects the just and evenhanded enforcement of the rule of law all over the nation (Rivera & Roure, 2012). Latino underrepresentation weakens the integrity of the U.S. Constitution and legal system. Furthermore, a fewer legal experts imply fewer economic resources in Latino comm...
The Supreme Court Reborn by William E Leuchtenburg
The Supreme Court Reborn by William E Leuchtenburg
1 pages (250 words)
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... Questions and Answers Chief Justice Hughes’ dissent in the Rail Pension Case revealed that his fundamental objection to Roberts’ majority opinion focused on: A. Roberts’ holding that the Rail Pension Act violated the due process clause of the fifth amendment of the U.S. Constitution. B. Roberts’ holding that the Act was not a proper regulation of interstate commerce. C. Roberts’ objection to the Act’s provision that required employers to provide a pension for employees who had been dismissed. Answer A- this is because the amendment catered for the protection against abuse of government’s authority relating to legal procedures. 2. The Supreme Court’s decision in the 1935 Rail Pension case disappoin...
Business Law case
Business Law case
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Business Law Case Brief: Erie Railroad v Tompkins i. Issue What was the applicable law in regard to this matter, where the matter in dispute occurred in Pennsylvania, and the rail road company had been registered in New York. Therefore, the issue was whether federal common law should be applied over state rules, in this case Pennsylvania laws, in suits of diversity of citizenship. ii. Background of the case The plaintiff Mr. Tompkins, a citizen of Pennsylvania, complained in a Southern New York Federal court. His complain was that he had been injured by a passing train, while he was on his way home, after being dropped by his friend at night. He was walking on a commonly used footpath adjacent to th...
Criminal justice
Criminal justice
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Criminal Justice How did the American court system develop? What is the dual judicial system? Why do we have a dual judicial system in America? In 1789, the United States Congress passed a judiciary act that enabled the establishment of the Supreme Court. George Washington appointed John Jay as the first Supreme Court chief justice. He served in this position from 26th September 1789 to 29th June 1789. The other five Supreme Court associates were William Cushing, John Rutledge, John Blair, James Wilson, and James Iredell. Additionally, the 1789 judiciary act stated that the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction would include case that the state courts ruled on federal status. In 1891, the Supreme Court judge...
Assess the hierarchical structure of the court system in England and Wales. To what extent does the common law doctrine of binding precedent engage with this structure
Assess the hierarchical structure of the court system in England and Wales. To what extent does the common law doctrine of binding precedent engage with this structure
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Hierarchical Structure Of The Court System In England and Wales The Hierarchical Structure Of The Court System In England and Wales The term English legal system is used to refer to the law of England and Wales. The English legal system bears many distinct features that may not be found in other legal systems. The English legal system embraces the doctrine of separation of powers among the various functions of government. The functions of government are divided between executive, legislature and judiciary with each branch enjoying a degree of independence in conducting its distinct function. The legislature makes laws; the judiciary interprets laws, and the executive enforces laws. The judiciary pres...
Cameras in Court Rooms Distort the Trial Process
Cameras in Court Rooms Distort the Trial Process
8 pages (2000 words)
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... in Court Rooms: Do they Distort the Trial Process Introduction The representation of order and law in the media has for a long time been a debatable subject (Hernandez, 1996, p. 17). This debate has recently been increased by television coverage of trial proceedings of Louise Woodward and OJ Simpson. However, these trials made some commentators believe that justice has been made mere voyeuristic entertainment (Lassiter, 1996, p. 974). In a democratic society, it is important that everyone easily accesses bodies that are responsible for their freedom and rights. In UK, citizens do not only watch parliament proceedings but also court proceedings without having to attend in person. On the other hand,...
Are rules or principles more important to any discussion of law
Are rules or principles more important to any discussion of law
10 pages (2500 words)
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... H.L.A. Hart’s theory of law encompasses an “interplay of primary and secondary rules whereby secondary rules bestow an element of power and primary rules entail obligations. Put another way, primary rules govern conduct while secondary rules permits the regulation and construction of primary rules. Ronald Dworkin’s principles of law advance an interpretive theory that essentially encompasses a concept that law is a balancing of socio-economic priorities and individual rights. In other words, law attempts to indorse current values and concepts.2 While both theories have their flaws, they do hold merit and are both pivotal. However, on a balance, Hart’s theory of law is more important to any...
The US supreme court
The US supreme court
3 pages (750 words)
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... The US Supreme Court (10.5.12) The Supreme Court in the US gets its power and ity from Article 3 of the Constitution that provides for judicial authority in the country to be vested with the Supreme Court, which currently comprises of eight justices and a chief justice who have equal voting powers. All the judges in the Supreme Court are nominated by the US President and acknowledged by the Senate after which they serve for their entire lives. The confirmation procedure of Supreme Court judges commences through hearings that are conducted by the Judiciary Committee, which are completed with voting by the complete strength of the Senate. For the appointment of a Supreme Court Judge to be confirmed by ...
Judicial precedent in english legal system (U.K)
Judicial precedent in english legal system (U.K)
2 pages (500 words)
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... Is A Law A law is a regulation imposed by the government or ruling body of any country. A law can be for anything practical and rational, and can be imposed all over the country or in any specific area of a country, as deemed suitable by the government in order to ensure appropriate behaviour of the people which are the citizens of the country. Why Are Laws Made Laws are essentially made to control the behaviour of the people. If we see this practically, laws are meant to check the evil side of the human mind, which forces people to commit negative things harmful for any society and/or country. Doctrine of Precedent In Relation To Laws It means that the principles and guidelines of the law which have...
Judicial activism Essay
Judicial activism Essay
3 pages (750 words)
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... activism and constitutional interpretation What is Judicial Activism Judicial Activism is the act of a Judge to decide upon a case on his own without referring to the constitution or against the public law. Judges are to abide by the provisions of constitution and the common law, which protect the public interest. But, in a very few cases, they are pressurized to protect the personal interest of a group of people by virtue of political ideologies and/or for personal gain. Thus, it is a usurpation of power and it happens when a judge takes a decision that is different from common law, jurisprudence and the constitution of the country. It may also occur when the decision of judges overrules the...
Mapping an Argument
Mapping an Argument
3 pages (750 words)
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... Mapping an Argument Law and Politics There is a very strong relationship between law and politics in the contemporary society. Law is very essential in shaping politics in any society. Politicians must be guided by enacted laws and their actions must be within the limitations of the legal framework in order for them to have legitimacy. Conversely, politicians have the mandate to formulate laws. In this article, the author tries to look at the issue of law and politics from a very different perspective. The author tries to look at the role of federal courts in ensuring proper interpretation and implementation of laws as well as not interfering with politics of the day. The courts role must remain to...
Parties and Pretrial Procedures
Parties and Pretrial Procedures
3 pages (750 words)
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... AND PRE-TRIAL PROCEDURES [Pick the The difference between a criminal case and a civil case is that criminal cases cannot be filed by individuals, while civil cases are filed by individuals or concerned organizations. In criminal cases charges are laid down by a prosecutor, who is a lawyer hired by the government. In simple words crime is defined as an act performed against the state, and therefore, it is the duty prosecution committee to pursue a criminal proceeding. The first step involved in the criminal proceeding is the notification of complain. Complains can be filed by individuals, or by organization. On receiving complaints regarding a criminal act the investing authorities can initiate the...
US History--The US Constitution finely crafted blueprint or unwieldy compromise
US History--The US Constitution finely crafted blueprint or unwieldy compromise
2 pages (500 words)
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... US Constitution – finely crafted blueprint or unwieldy compromise? of the of the The US Constitution – finely crafted blueprint or unwieldy compromise? The US federal government functions according to the provisions of the US Constitution. The latter prescribes the jurisdiction and scope of operation for all the governmental organs by means of checks and balances, and provides fundamental rights and civil liberties to US citizens. Accordingly, the US Constitution maintains a unique balance between authority and liberty (Constitution of the United States of America 2008). The first three articles of the US Constitution have created and provided the functionality for the three branches of the federal ...
Peace Officer vs Police Officer
Peace Officer vs Police Officer
1 pages (250 words)
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... Peace Officer Vs Police Officer The Texas peace officer and the Texas Police officers are commissioned with a common purpose of enforcing law and order within the region. Police officers have a more prescribed and responsible duty as compared to the peace officers. The peace officers are confined to making sure that the laws are met and safety of the citizens remains ensured. N the contrary the police officers are provided with extensive powers that allow them to take serious action against a theft. The peace officers are liable to take help of the police officers in situations where serious action is required. In other words the peace officer in Texas is dependent on the police for their support....
Constitution
Constitution
1 pages (250 words)
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... The Constitution A constitution is a that establishes how an organization, country or is governed. It gives the laws to be adhered to and the principles, which are core to that organization. The American constitution was written in the year 1789 by our founding fathers. The American constitution aims at providing a better system of governance and provides checks and balances through which they can monitor the performance of the government. It also established three branches of the government (the judiciary, the executive and the legislative arms of government) and further gives each arm different and separate powers. The constitution also helps to unite the American citizens since it ensures that no ...
Ohio Prisons Reform Plans and Recidivism
Ohio Prison's Reform Plans and Recidivism
36 pages (9000 words)
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... Prisons Reform Plans and Recidivism Ohio has been facing huge amount of distress in terms of developing a proper plan that would enhance the effectiveness of the judiciary system that would increase the clarity of approaches. Depending on the different needs of the system, managing diverse situations that have been leading to fatal situations are often noted to be affecting the lifestyle of the people. For Ohio, the major dilemma is noted to be having a huge consensus of people who are in prison. The state has been facing huge amount of stress in terms of maintaining a capacity of 133% of prisoners and maintaining a clear system of jurisdiction. Ohio has a record of being the highest state having a ...
Positive and negative rights: a matter of controversy
Positive and negative rights: a matter of controversy
16 pages (4000 words)
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... and Negative Rights: A Matter of Controversy Introduction Traditionally, human rights are divided into two; positive and negative. Positiverights are the rights which usually involve receiving some benefits. Some examples are right to education and right to health care. In fact, these rights considerably vary from negative rights. The negative rights usually involve the autonomy and freedom to do something. It may include the right to wear what one likes or the right to protection from torture. Quoting from the work of Beauchamp, Keridge et al (2005, p.98) write that a positive right is a right to well-being, which involves the right to receive goods or services. On the other hand, a negative right...
Justice System in the UAE
Justice System in the UAE
20 pages (5000 words)
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... 05 December Justice System in the UAE Introduction: The United Arab Emirates includes 7 s or emirates, the most famous of which is the oil rich nation of Abu Dhabi? rated as one of the world’s “richest city by Fortune in 2007 and Dubai?” (Latheef par 1) the profitable center of the Middle East. Every constituent state of Emirates, except for Ras Al Kaimah and Dubai, are part of a federal judicial system and both of them have self-governing judicial systems. In each Emirate, the court system includes the “Court of Appeal, Court of First Instance and Court of Cassation?” (Judicial System in Abu Dhabi par 13) on the other hand, Ras Al Khaimah does not have a Court of Cassation. The major source of law...
UAE and Saudi Arabia Governments
UAE and Saudi Arabia Governments
1 pages (250 words) , Download 0
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... and Saudi Arabia Governments There are a number of similar actions and systems exhibited by both the UAE and Saudi Arabia governments. The similarities can be attributed to their geographical proximity, same language and religion, and similar cultures. The first similarity is that there are no political parties in the two nations. That implies that there no political leaders elected by all citizen voters like is done in most democratic countries. Another similarity is in the running of the executive branches of their governments. In UAE, the executive is led by the President, his deputy, and the prime minister. It is the president who appoints the council of ministers. Saudi Arabia follows a similar ...
Reaction paper
Reaction paper
1 pages (250 words)
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... The Plea Significance of justice cannot be underestimated. In fact it’s a philosophical, legal and theological right of every single person to seek justice. Eradicating justice from people’s life can make their world upside down and can bring extreme chaos and destruction which cannot be even healed with time. That’s what Ofra Bikel has explained in her latest investigation into America’s criminal justice investigation, “The Plea”. She has researched, investigated and has proved how injustice can be poisonous for people lives and can even cause physiological disorders to the victims. Plea bargains are actually a special agreement between defendants and the prosecutors in which defendant accept or agr...
Is EU law a source of English law
Is EU law a source of English law
1 pages (250 words)
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... EU law a source of English law? By 13th, May The English legal system has been shaped over by the historic event in Europe. Before the establishment of the European Community, each country in Europe has had its own legislative procedures and judicial precedents (Anon., 1998). However, with the enactment of the European treaties in 1973, the English Law became the reference of all other laws in Europe. The European Law became a source of English law when the United Kingdom signed the Treaty of Rome incorporating the English law into the jurisdiction of the European Communities (Anon., 1998). The treaty states that the European Laws can overrule any national laws that contradict with the EU laws (An...
History
History
1 pages (250 words)
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... 29 October, My Dream In the present age of economic recession, no can beperfect without huge reserves of natural resources, particularly oil, gas and gold. Self sufficient nations remain shielded against global calamities like economic decline. Therefore, my dream city is enriched with oil, gas and gold as they are high in demand all over the world. Abundance of educational and employment opportunities is fundamental to the development of a perfect city. Not many cities with high standard of living can provide the citizens with both together, and thus, many are left with no option but to leave their hometown. My dream city offers me job at walking distance from my residence, and I can manage to do ...
Democratization efforts in the Gulf
Democratization efforts in the Gulf
1 pages (250 words)
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... IN THE MIDDLE EAST The Middle East has been for decades associated with an itarian style of governance to theextent that it has become difficult to initiate reforms. The rule of law is disregarded with human rights violation being a popular phenomenon in that region. Every single aspect of the society is enshrined in Islam to the extent that anything contrary to the religious doctrines is met with the full force sometimes ending up in the persecution1. Reforms in the Middle East are eminent due to a number of facts. The Arab spring that has in the recent past swept over the region is a demonstration that the people are more enlightened. However, more still needs to be done to ensure that the...
Essay Where Does U.S. Law Come From
Essay Where Does U.S. Law Come From
1 pages (250 words)
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... Does U.S. Law Come From? The judiciary is a fundamental arm of the government. Laws constitute the constitution, which defines the country’s legal system. In the United States, laws regulate nearly all aspects of people’s life. There are several sources of the US with the parliament been the main source. This essay analyzes the historical development of the United States laws. American law can trace its roots from the laws of the British monarchy. Before the rise of the British Empire, the Roman Empire controlled most European countries including the United Kingdom. Been a province of the Roman Empire, Britain was subject to roman laws (Thorne, 2009). Roman laws existed as written codes, which recogn...
United States v. Leon, 468 U.S. 897
United States v. Leon, 468 U.S. 897
1 pages (250 words)
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... the hard fast rule of Constitutional Absolutism, the exclusionary rule of evidence was not used appropriately in the United s v. Leon case. The reliance on good faith of the officers that they were equipped with a valid warrant of arrest became the main basis for the decision of the United States Supreme Court. In a manner of saying, this jurisprudence promulgated an exception to the exception, which deliberately pertains to the essence of the fourth amendment. This decision has created a difference of opinion, on the one hand providing for leeway afforded to law enforcement officers, and on the other a deviation from well-established rule against illegal searches and seizures diminishing a commonly ...
Corrections
Corrections
1 pages (250 words)
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... Corrections Question a) Correctional facilities are an essential component in the judiciary systems in the contemporary scenario. Despite its significance, it is portrayed negatively in the media an actuality that has affected detrimentally the image of the institutions among the public. Correctional facilities are depicted as oppressive and the guards as dehumanized individuals (Surette 178). The media promotes triumph over this system through escapist themes and humanization of the convicts. This influences the public’s perception on prisons in a negative light. b) The image created in the media can be remedied if the media stopped focusing on the profitability of the content and instead promote g...
Soccer injres
Soccer injres
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Homework In Eastern Europe, what would you say would be the greatest obstacle for national unity in many nation s? Answer After the WWII, in the Eastern Europe, the four greatest obstacles to the national unity in many nation states were the ethnic diversity found in the region, Eastern Europe’s economic dependence on Japan, the expanding influence of United States in the region and the acceptance of the democratic traditions by majority of the Europeans. Eastern Europe was not aware of the significant aspects of the national building after the WWII. It did not focus on building a political entity that may correspond to the given territory that is based on the generally accepted rules, norms and prin...
Polsky's "Presidency at War"
Polsky's "Presidency at War"
1 pages (250 words)
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... Presidency at War The thesis ment of Andrew Polsky’s “Presidency at War” is the role of the congress, judiciary, andpublic, in relation to presidential decision-making concerning military intervention. Polsky criticizes the “two presidency thesis” that separates presidential decisions on domestic and foreign policy. Foreign policy eventually has an effect on domestic policy, and for that reason, decision-making concerning war should consider such factors. Besides, there are several resources required in the process of war because of its associated challenges. A careful scrutiny of historical wartime events shows that the cost of war and the loss of lives fail to justify the necessity of war. An imp...
Privatization of Prisons
Privatization of Prisons
1 pages (250 words)
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... of Prisons The number of prisoners is increasing on daily basis exceeding the prison space that can hold the prisoners. Considering that there are states where the bed capacity has been exceeded by almost double the number of prisoners, it becomes important to evaluate the issue of privatization of the prisons. Prisons help in protecting the citizens against the prisoners and at the same time offer the convicts a chance to be rehabilitated as they get punished for their felonies. The advantages of privatizing prisons include reduced costs of running them since private entities put more emphasis on cost management. The prisons will also be run more efficiently while considering issues such as priso...
Paradigm Shift and the Evolving Corrections Environment
Paradigm Shift and the Evolving Corrections Environment
1 pages (250 words)
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... FACILITIES Paradigm Shift in Correctional Facilities Correctional facilities have faced more challenges inthe 21st century more than ever before. The myriad of challenges seem to stem from the fact that management of correctional facilities is indeed multifaceted. Some of the primary challenges facing modern correctional facilities include budgeting (Thonline 2015), new technologies, overcrowding, changing programs, workforce management, litigations, inmate management among others (Gladwin, McConnell, & Phillips, 2014). These challenges have forced correctional facilities to experience a paradigm shift that has been marked by an evolving correctional management. Management of correctional facilities ...
Political science as the discipline
Political science as the discipline
1 pages (250 words)
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... Learnt in the Political Science Class Political science is the discipline that involves the study of the structure, roles and various arms that constitute a state, government or nation. Concisely, it involves the study of the political systems and policies in a nation. In the political science (American government) class, students are taught the various features that constitute the American political system. In the inaugural term, the structure of governance in the United States is examined by exploring the Constitution and the fundamental idea of the separation of powers. Once this foundation is laid, students learn about the importance of elections particularly focusing on the Congressional electio...
The Executive Branch of the Russian Federation
The Executive Branch of the Russian Federation
10 pages (2500 words)
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... s The Executive Branch of the Russian Federation Summary This Assignment is correlated with the information about the political system of the Russian federation. It includes a thorough illustration of the Russian Federation’s Government, members of the Russian Executive branch, through which process they are being selected or elected and what are their responsibilities. Furthermore this assignment leads to know that how the presidential power that have been increased since last decade or more is affecting the whole Russian Federation. It is an attempt to discuss the critical and dramatic relationship of the two main characters of the Russian politics that have been swapping and grasping the most...
Procedure course work
Procedure course work
12 pages (3000 words)
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... Work Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Introduction 3 Appeal from the Magistrates' Court to Crown Court 4 Appeal from the Magistrates' Court and the Crown Court to the Divisional Court by Case Stated and Judicial Review 6 Critical Evaluation 9 Conclusion 13 References 15 Bibliography 18 Introduction The right to appeal is often categorised as a judicial right, offered to an appellant or a defendant to appeal in the court of law. With the provisions of this right, if a party is to be pleaded guilty or even if they have not pleaded guilty, is offered with legal provisions to appeal in higher courts against both conviction and sentence, so that decisions can be reviewed by other independent judges...
Corruption in the Pakistan Government
Corruption in the Pakistan Government
8 pages (2000 words)
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... in the Pakistan Government Introduction A review of literature reveals that the concept of corruption has been discussed even during the times of the great philosopher Aristotle. Over the years, the term has been meant to describe what Aristotle had written on the topic, that corruption entails private gain at the expense of the public. Corruption according to thinkers and writers results from power or lack of money. Studies have also shown that developing or under-developed economies are more prone to corruption in governance when compared to developed economies. This area will be discussed in more detail later in this paper. The primary aim of this study is to review the extent of corruption in...
Obesity evolved from a private matter to a political issue
Obesity evolved from a private matter to a political issue
9 pages (2250 words)
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... Head: EVOLUTION OF OBESITY ISSUE Obesity Evolved From a Private Matter to a Political Issue Relevant history of the issue surrounding the emergence of obesity from a private matter to a political issue has been studied by the review of relevant literature. Over 65 percent Americans are overweight as obesity rates have been on the rise, since a warning issued by the surgeon general in 2001. Obese people have a heightened risk of disease such as diabetes, and losses in life expectancy. Obesity in children has resulted in increase in diabetes, hypertension, and heart attacks. Obesity adversely affects lifestyle factors, such as physical activity, and friendship. Also, obesity has been associated with...
CJ summarize 10-1
CJ summarize 10-1
1 pages (250 words)
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... The American courts take a dual system structure which includes the federal and courts. courts are specific to the relevant states, and each state has a different court system with 3, 4 or 5 tiers. The states also set up their court structure as well as the penal code and its enforcement. The lower courts are state courts that act as an entry point for criminal processing and hold initial and preliminary hearings. The courts handle minor criminal cases and most civil cases. Justice of the peace courts handles cases involving violation of local orders, set bail issues search and arrest warrants and deal with civil matters involving less money. The municipal or magistrate courts handle larger case lo...
Federal Court System
Federal Court System
1 pages (250 words)
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... Court System Supreme Court has the highest ity in American criminal justice system or federal judiciary. Below Supreme Court, two levels of federal courts are functioning; trail courts or district courts and appellate courts. The nine member Supreme Court judges’ panel consists of a Chief Justice and eight other justices. Supreme Court normally functions based on the guidelines, passed by the Congress. Under normal circumstances, Supreme Court hears cases which were unresolved in trail courts, appellate courts and state courts. Most of the cases appear in the Supreme Court usually involve important questions about the Constitution or federal law. “Within limits set by Congress and the Constitution, t...
European Union Law
European Union Law
9 pages (2250 words)
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... European Union: s under a Judicial System Introduction The European Union is an organization made to settle disputes between and among countries of Europe and is known to be a binding organization making a unified European nation through agreements, treaties, policies and laws drafted and agreed among member states. Moreover, it is an economic and political union of 27 European countries (Oxford Dictionary of English, 2008) and it operates though a fusion of “supranational” independent institutions and intergovernmental decisions negotiated among its members (Anneli, 2005, p.205). There are essential institutions that this organization comprises; these are the European Commission, the European...
Mexican Politics and Culture
Mexican Politics and Culture
8 pages (2000 words)
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... The Political System of Mexico and United s: Their Similarities First Last and number Submitted The Political System of Mexico and United States: Their Similarities Introduction United States is actually located between two independent countries, Canada and Mexico. It is bordered with Canada in the north and Mexico in the south. Given such fact, one would presume a close relation between their governments. This relationship could even lead to similarities in culture and political system. Nevertheless, over the years, Canada has adopted a different type of government in contrast to that of the United States. Since it gained independence from Great Britain, America has chosen the federal presidential...
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