The Barriers of Critical Thinking
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... to critical thinking There are various barriers to critical thinking identified and put forward by a diverse body of researchers, theorists and scholars. This includes lack of relevant background information, poor reading skills, bias, prejudice, superstitions, ego-centricism (self-centered thinking), socio-centricism (group centered thinking), peer pressure, conformism, provincialism, narrow-mindedness, close-mindedness, distrust in reason, relativistic thinking, stereotyping, unwarranted assumptions, scape-goating, rationalization, wishful thinking, selective perception, overpowering emotions, self-deception, fear of change etc (Bassham et al., 2005: 11; Cornell et al., 2011). Some of these...