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Control Mechanisms Team Paper
Control Mechanisms Team Paper
2 pages (500 words)
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... Head Control Mechanisms Control Mechanisms Introduction Control mechanisms are a part of management and marketing strategies aimed tomanage, organize and direct changes and planning functions. For AIG, an American insurance Corporation, control mechanism is more than the act of regulation or governing. Both strategic planning and marketing intelligence are fundamental to the development of effective controls, since they attempt to assure the guidance of a business to its predetermined marketing objectives (Daft, 2003). Control encompasses the monitoring of management and administrative activities to see if plans are being carried out; the analysis of marketing performance in terms of standards and...
What does organizing mean
What does organizing mean
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Head Organizing Paper Organizing Paper Body Shop is the company specialized in natural cosmetics and ecologically sustainable products.Anita Roderick, the founder and leader of the company, provides effective management which helps the company to sustain strong market position and create unique product image for customers (Body Shop 2007). Within the company, planning determines organization objectives and purposes, while organizing function helps to implement these strategies and goals. In general, organizing means "establishing the internal organizational structure of the business. The focus is on division, coordination, and control of tasks and the flow of information within the organization"...
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Developmental Crime Theory
Developmental Crime Theory
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Developmental Crime theory Introduction Crime is a common phenomenon that has existed both in the past and in the present societies. Criminal activities are generally antisocial and unhealthy for peaceful and harmonious co-existence of individuals in a given society. Crimes have led to loss of lives and breaking of initially enjoyed relationships within the particular societies. In attempts to study, analyze and classify crimes, various philosophers have come up with integral theories to help understand causes, effects, and prevention of crimes with the societies. One such theory is the Developmental crime theory (Siegel 320). This theory holds that criminal desires start developing in a person...
Cognitive Counseling Theory/Technique
Cognitive Counseling Theory/Technique
1 pages (250 words)
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... counseling theory/ technique Cognitive counseling theory/ technique This theory is founded on the belief that the behavior and the feelings of a person are determined by how the person thinks (Chapman, 2006). Having bad thoughts will lead to bad consequences. The method applied is the collaboration of the therapist and the client in order to change the poor thoughts the client has, about the general worldview and their own selves. This counseling theory applies two techniques, the cognitive therapy technique, and the behavioral therapy technique. The former helps the client indentify their habitual unconstructive thoughts and replace them with useful thinking that is based on reality (Robertson,...
Communications Persuasive theory
Communications Persuasive theory
2 pages (500 words)
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... Persuasive theory In most cases, the messages that we get from the media have a very strong effect, and may persuade one to act accordingly even without certifying the credibility of the source. The persuasion created by these messages offers a limited liability and motivation to think of the credibility of such messages and the source from which the messages might be emanating from. Feng & MacGeroge (2010) argue that messages are in most cases viewed as being helpful and supporting as well as promoting coping with such messages. In addition, Dakoff & Taylor (1990) argue that such messages may in fact be unhelpful or insensitive, and may result to making coping much more difficult. This I learned...
Neoliberalism: Theory, Practice, Crisis
Neoliberalism: Theory, Practice, Crisis
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 2
... Theory, Practice, Crisis Table of Contents Introduction 3 Neoliberalism Theory 3 Assumptions and Factors leading towards Neoliberalism5 Conclusion 9 References 11 Introduction This paper is based on the theory of neoliberalism, its practice and conflicts including Marxism, Idealism along with socialism. PBS documentary, ‘The commanding Heights’, episode one ‘The battle of ideas’ has been an appropriate example of this battle about liberalism. The assumptions and philosophical arguments among the economists of the world have depicted an immense understanding about neoliberalism. This documentary was about the new economy, which considered the change situation of political ideas that led to neoliberali...
Theory Bases and Theory Constructs
Theory Bases and Theory Constructs
3 pages (750 words)
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... Introduction A theory is simply a group of hypothesis which can be adopted in explaining and predicting certain phenomenon. Public administration is simply the civil servants implementing government policies (Khan, 2008). Public administration is categorized into; legal, political, occupational and managerial divisions. It is the duty of all public administrators to ensure that all public services are offered to suit the present and future needs of the public. It is therefore a responsibility of the public administrators to ensure that compatible theories are applied to aid in execution of duties and policies. Woodrow Wilson is viewed as the pioneer of public administration. Wilson made a...
Critical theory
Critical theory
3 pages (750 words)
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... Sociology Critical Theory Sociology Critical Theory Understanding organizational power through the critical theory The critical theory basically seeks destabilize and challenge any information. The critical theory was born out of the 'Frankfurt School,' in Germany, where it was known as the Critical Social Theory. This theory stresses on the fact that all 'objective' knowledge is erroneous. Initially championed by Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud, the critical theory was expanded all through the 20th century to include subjects like linguistics, literary criticism, philosophy, psychology, screen theory, and the feminism theory. According to the critical theory, hierarchical structures in corporate...
Information Processing Theory
Information Processing Theory
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Processing Theory: The Tip of the Iceberg Introduction With information around us growing at an exponential rate, it is expedient and necessary to find a way to keep up. Schools try to cram every conceivable subject which they think will benefit a child. Yet, no universal and perfect teaching and learning style has been found. This is significant, because researchers, educators, and psychologists will surely develop, test, or apply different and new theories. One of the theories that were developed in the last century and ranks as one of the best is information processing theory. It is the theory of cognitive development that likens the human mind to that of the computer. It became vogue in the 1950...
Explain the terms span of control and control loss. Are these concepts useful in understanding the design of organizations
Explain the terms span of control and control loss. Are these concepts useful in understanding the design of organizations
6 pages (1500 words)
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... the terms span of control and control loss. Are these concepts useful in understanding the design of organisations? The number of subordinates which a manager directly manages in an organisation is the span of control of manager (Hill & Jones, 2008, pp.215). Yasgoor and Bressler (2008, pp. 50) defines span of control as the direct number of employees which a manager supervises or who directly reports to the manager. The principle of span of control states that a limited number of subordinates should be overseen by the supervisors because monitoring the tasks of the subordinates is easier when number of subordinates is small (Meier & Bohte). The early researchers have given a great consideration...
Theory Testing
Theory Testing
3 pages (750 words)
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... Theory Testing Theory Testing Nursing concepts are health practices identified by patients, families or nurses in a specific setting meant to address particular comfort needs for patients. The health care practices can range from physiological, financial, social, psychological and spiritual nursing. According to comfort theory, these practices influence a patients’ recovery system. Additionally, they are responsible for the rate of recovery. Health specialists consider age, past experience, attitude, support system and emotional state when offering services. The basic principles in comfort theory are offering a holistic approach to nursing. This is achieved through supporting clinical decision made...
The identities shaped by online games -- World of Warcraft
The identities shaped by online games -- World of Warcraft
62 pages (15500 words)
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... Chapter Two: Literature Review Introduction Avatar as it Becomes Part of the Community 2 Individual and the Avatar 2 Community 5 Transformation 6 Morality and Transformations of the Self 6 Social Transformation 7 Transformation and Game Change 8 Gender 9 Online Worlds 10 Socialization 12 Online Identity 12 World of Warcraft 14 Summary 15 The change that this lit review reflects focusing on identity and transformation as they relate to online game environments, specifically World of Warcraft. Chapter Two: Literature Review Introduction This literature review will examine the concepts of identity and stress as they relate to World of Warcraft play. This literature can help in framing the topic through ...
Application of Nursing Theory
Application of Nursing Theory
6 pages (1500 words)
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... theory al Affiliation) NURSE-PATIENT RELATIONSHIP This paper clearly describes an analysis of the role of nurse theorists in connection with the major functions of the nurse. Literature proves that the concept of nursing is difficult to define though it is possible to elaborate the core values of nursing and the team spirit that that run through the profession (Alligood & Marriner, 2006). Identification of the core components by an examination of the literature are the development of systems for coordinating care, delivery of care, providing technical care, caring for the ill and the well, protecting the weak and vulnerable. The aim of this paper is to provide a core reflection of what nursing entail...
Program Theory
Program Theory
1 pages (250 words)
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... Theory of Learning 10th July, Program Theory The program theory was derived mainly from the experiences and hunches of the director in charge of sanitation department in Nei-fu local government and the EPA program designer. Review of relevant reports and documents in addition to interviews conducted with the director and program designer helped in the identification of the need for development of the garbage reduction program in Nei-fu (Chen, Wan & Lin, 1997). Some of the key component of the program theory included the disruption of weekly garbage disposal from the households, conduct strict follow up with heavy fines imposed on the violators of the policy and lastly realization of reduction in...
Attribution Theory
Attribution Theory
9 pages (2250 words) , Download 1
... Theory Attribution Theory, as initially developed by Fritz Heider in the 1950s, does not exist in a vacuum. Its profound influence on several fields of psychology, as well as other fields of study, can be attributed to the setting in which it was developed and by the researchers who expanded on the theory. This paper attempts to summarize key concepts in attribution theory, as well as to explain its influence, fifty years after its formulation. Keywords: attribution theory, psychology, social psychology, Heider, Weider, inference, organizational behaviour Attribution Theory Every new development, even scientific theories, does not exist in a vacuum. They exist in a context influenced by the sett...
Evaluate the current streght of evidence for a complimentory therapy (Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation TENs for post operative pain management in chi
Evaluate the current streght of evidence for a complimentory therapy (Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation TENs for post operative pain management in chi
12 pages (3000 words)
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... of the Current Strength of Evidence for analgesic efficacy of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for Post Operative Pain Management in Children Name: College: Date: Evaluation of the Current Strength of Evidence for analgesic efficacy of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for Post Operative Pain Management in Children Pain following surgery is a common cause of serious sufferings in people belonging to all age groups, especially in children (Gedhoo, 2004). Therefore effective management of pain is fundamental for maintaining high quality of health care services. Since the use of conventional analgesic drugs (especially opioids) is limited by numerous side effects like nausea, v...
B.F. Skinners Positive Reinforcement theory
B.F. Skinners Positive Reinforcement theory
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
... B.F. Skinner’s Positive Reinforcement Theory Skinner’s theory of reinforcement involves shaping behavior by shaping the consequence of that particular behavior (Skinner, 1970). Here, punishments and/or rewards are combined and used to extinguish and/or reinforce certain behaviors respectively. Operant behaviors are those behaviors that bring out a consequence since the individual’s operation is on their personal environment. Furthermore, Tucker, Sigafoos and Bushell (1998) assert that the concentration of the theory is directed towards the relationship that exists between operant behavior and the resulting consequences. This paper provides a detailed exploration of the theory of reinforcement while...
The Mozart Effect Theory
The Mozart Effect Theory
5 pages (1250 words)
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... The Mozart Effect Theory It is often considered that there is a sort of magic in music as one listens and is transported into the melody, the theme, and the imagery that is produced. One of the greatest musicians of all time was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart whose youth at the time of his writing is only slightly more astounding than the complexity with which he wrote. One theory that has emerged about the way in which his music can have an effect on children is that it makes them smarter. The theory is developed around the idea that through listening to Mozart there is improvements in spatial temporal reasoning. This means certain tasks become more easily learned simply from having listened to this...
Theory Application Essay
Theory Application Essay
2 pages (500 words)
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... Criminology Theory In every society, crime is inevitable, occurring due to various circumstances, hence the use various theories to explain this scenario. Most arguments put their concentration on individual factors that enhance crime. Social disorganization theory, on the other hand, seeks to explicate why some communities are more prone to criminal activities in opposition to others. As a result, social and legal institutions with the responsibility of curbing crime face hindrance. The argument offered by the theory is that crimes occur because of lack of skills, energy, and resources by the responsible institutions. Strain theory, however, concentrates on individual behavior’s that heighten...
Left Realism Theory
Left Realism Theory
2 pages (500 words)
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... Head: LEFT REALISM THEORY Explain Left Realism Theory, including its roots, how it evolved, and the current social implications of Left Realism Theory. Abstract Left Realism aims to be a total explanation of crime. It Synthesizes various elements from past theoretical perspectives into a "new realistic" approach to crime and deviance that seeks to understand the effect that crime has on its victims (mainly the working class) and the social origins of crime, mainly in terms of the cultural background and development of criminals. Left Realism theory emerged with the work of Lea and Young in 1984. Elements of Left Realism include the square of crime, relative deprivatio...
Dorthy Orem Self Decfict Nursing Theory
Dorthy Orem Self Decfict Nursing Theory
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Head: Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory. Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory                Name:           Institution:            Date: Abstract Orem’s self care deficit theory of nursing is one among three theories that make up her grand nursing theory. The self-care deficit theory is based on the philosophy that individuals and groups are able, responsible and willing to take care of their health. In relation to this, the theory recognizes that health challenges result from the fact that individuals fail to exercise self care, and this deficit leads to health challenges. As such, the nursing profession is meant to intervene by simply facilitating self care where necessary through...
Deviance, Crime, and Social Control
Deviance, Crime, and Social Control
1 pages (250 words)
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... Subject: Sociology, Personal Statement Date: Topic: Deviance, Crime, and Social Control The canvas for studies of social learning theory is vast and wide-ranging. It examines many types of behaviors, like childhood and adolescent aggression, marital discord, drug and alcohol addiction, at the political level terrorism and all types of criminal behaviors. Associations with immediate members of the family and interaction with friends impact the social behavior. These are important areas that have demanded the attention of research scholars. Dev...
Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Theory
Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Theory
4 pages (750 words)
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... Hierarchy of Needs Theory One of the theories leant is the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory. This theory denotes that people have various motivational needs that an organization must satisfy. These needs are ranked in a hierarchy of five, and the organization must satisfy all of them. The first need is the need for survival, followed by the need for security. Other needs are desire to find love and belonging (social needs), the desire to have status and self-esteem, and the need of self-actualization (achieving ones goals and aspirations). An organization has to satisfy these needs if it wants to achieve efficiency from its customers (Bateman and Snell, 2013). It is important to denote that the...
Application of Nursing Theory to Practice
Application of Nursing Theory to Practice
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1
... Application of Nursing Theory to Practice Application of Nursing Theory to Practice Introduction The situation of the scenario involved patients who had an increase in average systolic blood pressure and an increase in diastolic blood pressure and were seeking ways to deal with the high blood pressure problem. These patients experienced an elevation of blood pressure in the arteries (Fahey, Schroeder, & Ebrahaim, 2006). The patients were examined for symptoms associated with high blood pressure to discover the true problem. They were asked to recall the incidents, thoughts, and the feelings that were produced. The nurses thought of how problem may have been tackled in a different way, and if...
The Divine Command Theory Essay
The Divine Command Theory Essay
2 pages (500 words)
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... Divine Command Theory The term divine command theory refers to the ramification of related ethical theories which hold that God's will is the foundation of ethics. Such theory entails that the moral value of acts, i.e. their "goodness" or "badness," is dependent only on God's commands ("Divine Commands and Morality"). There are three main versions of the theory which are summarized as the weakest, stronger and strongest versions. The weakest version argues that God's commands are applicable within the context of specific religious communities, thus, limiting the application to only those within a specific group or sect. The stronger version holds that moral behavior is good in itself, as such, we...
Case Study
Case Study
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Study Report of a Basketball Player Table of Contents Introduction 3 Explanation of Interdisciplinary Sport Science Support and Performance Enhancement 3 Rationale for the Case Study 4 Aims of the Case Study 4 Review of Scientific Literature Underpinning the Case Studies Sport 5 Current and Relevant Physiological Research 5 Current and Relevant Biomechanical Research 6 Current and Relevant Psychological Research 7 Method 8 Subject Information 8 Equipment 9 Protocol 9 Treatment of Data 10 Ethical Considerations 11 References 12 Bibliography 15 Introduction Explanation of Interdisciplinary Sport Science Support and Performance Enhancement Basketball is recognized as one of the most popular court games....
Criminological Theory
Criminological Theory
3 pages (750 words)
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... Theories: ical Theory This article is going to look at the ical theory as one of the criminological theories. The discussion will start by looking at the proponents of the theory, the historical development of the theory and the tenets of the theory. The article will also look at how the theory is useful in the present legal system. Classical theory is one of the criminological theories. It was developed in the early eighteenth century and it grew out as a reaction against barbaric systems of law that existed before 1789 (Gottfredson, 1990). Cesare de Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham are the main contributors to this theory. People consider them as the founding fathers of the classical theories becaus...
Critical Studies Of Management And Organizational Theory
Critical Studies Of Management And Organizational Theory
10 pages (2500 words)
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... STUDIES OF MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY November 27th 2006 CRITICAL STUDIES OF MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY Traditional management studies tend to focus more on technical aspects of management rather than on actual issues managers and employees face in their work places. Rigid outlooks and stress on technique do not address aspects that are important and necessary in a changing work and business environment. There are numerous areas of specialisms and sub-disciplines that receive no treatment and have never been put through critical analysis. Current critical management studies have criticized traditional management with creating scientific or objective knowledge which is nothing...
Application of Theories in Practice/ Improving Infection Control Practice Using a Theoretical Framework
Application of Theories in Practice/ Improving Infection Control Practice Using a Theoretical Framework
1 pages (250 words)
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... Control Practice in Acute Care Center Salafah Hakami Daemen College Department of Nursing Martha Rogers honed her theory through many yearsof her lifetime as an educationist. She saw nursing as both an art and science. The theory suggested that a patient cannot be separated from his or her environment while addressing both treatment and health. Therefore, by practicing nursing with this view of mutual existence of individuals and environment infection control can be taken to a higher notch (Laurent, 2000). Rogers theory was commonly known as that of the unitary human beings because it seemed to promote symphonic interactions between the human beings and the environment to strengthen the integrity...
The relationship between control and resistance in organisations
The relationship between control and resistance in organisations
10 pages (2500 words)
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... between Control and Resistance in Organisations Introduction Change has emerged to be the new constant is today’s contemporary world.The increasingly volatile environment within which organisations operate is under a dynamic state of flux. One of the impediments which are imposed due to this constant change is the resistance to change in organisational settings, which is largely considered as an obstacle to expansion and growth and is known to have severe negative repercussions, if not addressed immediately. The major cause of resistance is the organisational change, which can be either planned or unplanned and aims to move the organisation from the prevalent current state towards a desired state....
Critically assess whether it is necessary to have a distinctively feminist criminology
Critically assess whether it is necessary to have a distinctively feminist criminology
11 pages (2750 words)
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... Feminist Criminology Introduction Crime is irrefutably pervasive in any society and affects virtually every person inone way or another, irrespective of their age, gender, sexuality and social status, among other distinguishing attributes. Consequently, its comprehensive study, also referred to as criminology, is pertinent to understanding the vice and its constituent moral weaknesses, as well as, to formulating effective mitigation strategies. Despite the crucial nature of criminology to society, it is still one of the most masculinity-oriented sociology disciplines. This scientific study of crime, criminal behavior and law enforcement is among the last scholarly subjects, in which researchers...
Social Exchange Theory - Communication Theories
Social Exchange Theory - Communication Theories
7 pages (1750 words)
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... exchange theory Social exchange has been defined as “voluntary actions of individuals that are motivated by the returns they are expected to bring and typically do in fact bring from others” (Blau, 1964 cited by Lee, Mohamad & Ramayah, 2010). This communication theory of social exchange is based on the rewards and costs which help quantify the values of the outcome (Thibault & Kelly, 2001). The exchange of benefits makes the relationship more interdependent and establishes mutual trust. One of the examples of this reciprocity is the concept of guanxi or relationship in the Chinese community. The viability of social exchange is based on the assumption that human beings recognize and appreciate the...
Attribution Theory Essay
Attribution Theory Essay
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Theory Attribution theory is a tool for understanding human behaviors and thoughts and to deduce how individuals interpret the events that they encounter. Attribution theory has proved to be a useful conceptual framework for the study of motivation in educational contexts (Graham, 1991). It deals with what kinds of explanations individuals come up with when they are faced with a situation or a happening. The explanation or the interpretation of individuals about the events they deal with can be attributed to either external or internal factors (Robbins et al, 2006). For people to interpret the causes of particular behaviour performed by other individuals, it is necessary for them to observe the...
Criminological Theory
Criminological Theory
3 pages (750 words) , Download 0
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... ical and Neo ical Crime Theory It is amazing to find out that there are actually two types of Crime Theory that experts adhere to in the 21st century. These are the classical and neoclassical theories that both define the cause of crimes in two highly different manners. These separate theories are based upon different ideas and platforms, therefore creating two individualized school of thoughts when it comes to the definition of crimes and what causes people to commit them. This paper will look into the meaning of these two crime theories and what makes them both similar and different from each other. I shall begin this paper with a look at the Classical Crime Theory which is the basis for all the...
Adolescence victimization
Adolescence victimization
21 pages (5250 words)
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... The Nature of Adolescence Victimization According to Singer (1987) there are several instances that contribute to adolescent victimization. It was revealed that minor assaults and robberies tend to decrease as the age of the adolescent increases. Major assaults have been closely linked with the maturity of adolescents. Aside from these aspects, several instances contribute to the occurrence of adolescence victimization. First, the low income of adolescents is considered as one of the noticeable circumstances. It was proven that adolescents with low income levels tend to suffer victimization. Second, the racial description of adolescents affects their position in the society. Although mistaken as...
MGMT455 U1 IP Theory X & Y
MGMT455 U1 IP Theory X & Y
2 pages (500 words)
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... Paper [Pick the Theory X and Theory Y The concept of Theory X and Theory Y was introduced by a Social Psychologist Douglas McGregor and it was published in 1960 in his book “The Human Side of Enterprise. The fundamental idea of McGregor was to explain the behaviors of the individuals and the applied management styles. He introduced two expounded theories, “Theory X and Theory Y”. The Theory X assumes that individuals does not like working, they tend to avoid responsibilities and for that purpose they need to be controlled and supervised on each step of their work otherwise they will not be able to produce the beneficial results. This theory tends to adopt the authoritarian style of management....
Part 3 Applying Theory to Practice
Part 3 Applying Theory to Practice
2 pages (500 words)
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... Theory to Practice Angelique Harris Grand Canyon October 26, Applying Theory to Practice Part Globally the nursing profession was facing a great number of problems in patients. Pain was just one of the many complaints but it was a significant and widespread one. Pain was a physiological complaint which distressed patients by the unpleasant sensation with affective experience (Peterson & Bedrow, 2008). In spite of pain assessment, appropriate management, evaluatory monitoring and educational research having been included in important guidelines like those from the Joint Commission and the National Guidelines Clearing House, the under-treatment and negligent management of acute and chronic pain were...
Macroeconomics: Theory & Policy
Macroeconomics: Theory & Policy
7 pages (1750 words)
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... head: Macroeconomics Macroeconomics: Theory & Policy (The debate between Keynesian and ical economists on the efficiency of the market mechanism and the efficacy of government policy intervention on the basis of current financial crisis) Abstract The current financial and economics crisis all over the world has again started debate among the economists about which economic theory is more useful in explaining market mechanisms. Some economists advocate the Keynesian economic theory whereas the others argue that Classical economic theory is more useful in studying the market mechanisms effectively. In any case, it is a fact that none of the economists were able to predict the current economic crisis ...
Alexander Wendt Anarchy Theory
Alexander Wendt Anarchy Theory
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Alexander Wendt (1992) wrote his article "Anarchy is What s Make of it" and to a large extent Wendt is right in saying that. One cannot call it an original theory because already earlier theorists had spoken about anarchy starting from Hobbes himself. Recent theorist, Kenneth Waltz, in his article Neo Realism outlined in his book Theory of International Politics (1979) argues that "the world exists in a state of perpetual international anarchy (the lack of an effective central authority over states) as no state can fully trust any other state or completely understand their policies." Every state in the world seems to be having a hidden agenda of its own, with its national and international prioritie...
Applying Theory to Practice
Applying Theory to Practice
2 pages (500 words)
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... Theory to Practice Applying Theory to Practice Three key aspects of the Juvenile case study, “The Murder of Anita Cobby” Anita Lorraine Cobby was kidnapped as he walked along a suburban street Blacktown, some few minutes to 10 PM on the second of February 1986. Cobby was dragged into a vehicle containing five youthful men who sexually assaulted her inside the car. Later, she was dragged from there, through a barbed wire fence, then into a paddock. She was killed after subjecting her to a series of sexual assaults. Michael Murdoch, John Travers, and brothers; Leslie, Michael, and Gary Murphy were taken into custody, charged and convicted of a number of offences namely: i. Murder ii. Assault and robber...
Agency Theory and Corporate Governance Problem
Agency Theory and Corporate Governance Problem
8 pages (2000 words)
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... THEORY AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE PROBLEM The concept of corporate governance problem evolved as soon as formal organizational structures evolved. There exists conflict of interest between the shareholders of a company and the management within an organization. While the company managers aim at increasing the size of the company and intend to benefit optimally from the growth of the firm, the company owners wish that the company share value would increase and the amount of benefits would increase (Childs et al., 2005: Eoltn & Gruber, 1997). Therefore, a conflict of interest arises due to misalignment of the two groups of people. The Agency theory conceptualizes the relationship between the firm manage...
Relevant Theory
Relevant Theory
9 pages (2250 words)
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... Head: Integration and Synthesis of Relevant Theory Integration and Synthesis of Relevant Theory and Research of the appears here] [Name of the institution appears here] Integration and Synthesis of Relevant Theory and Research Adolescence represents a sensitive stage of development posing a high risk for contacting dangerous addictive behaviors. Drugs and alcohol abuse present as the single most serious problem within this population, making them vulnerable for serious delinquent behavior. Drug use is the increasing problem among teenagers in today's high schools. Interestingly, alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence are not only adult problems -- they also affect a significant number of adol...
How does perceived control relate to self efficacy
How does perceived control relate to self efficacy
1 pages (250 words)
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... of perceived control and self-efficacy How does perceived control relate to self efficacy The most prominent theory of health behavior is self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is a direct and proximal predictor of behavior and intention of a person. The sense of control of an individual facilitates a health behavior change. In addition, self-efficacy refers to a sense of control over an individual’s behavior and environment (Ajzen, 2002). The beliefs found in self-efficacy are cognitions determining if a change in health behavior will be started, how much energy will be used, and the duration it would be continued in the face of failures and obstacles. It influences the effort put by a person in changing risk...
Cognitive Theory
Cognitive Theory
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1
... Theory Counseling refers to the psychological assistance on issues affecting one psychologically. Therefore, psychology simply refers to the study of human and animal behavior where it is taken as what people do with fillings, perceptions, memories, emotions, and reasoning. Psychology is mainly based on empirical experiments and observations and not opinion or assumptions. In the text ’60 second shrink,’ the writer uses psychopaths as methods or research. In a study of psychology, psychologists use some theories to explain the causes and effects of mental disorders, they include; cognitive theory, abnormal theory, personality theory, social theory among others. Relationship to the Text 60-second i...
Theory of Administration
Theory of Administration
16 pages (4000 words)
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... of Administration Question 1 The field of public administration is often criticized for lacking an overarching theory. What factors contribute to the disjointed nature of the field? Use the reform movements of new public management and new public service to demonstrate the layered and sometimes conflicted nature of the discipline. Literature review on the public administration discipline reveals that attention to government studies dates back to Antiquity. However, the unprecedented expansion of governments since the early periods of the nineteenth century prompted scholarly attention on the study of public administration as well as political science. Thus, the study of public administration is ap...
The Theory of Conflict
The Theory of Conflict
9 pages (2000 words)
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... Theory Social theories count enormous number, but few of them have survived the criticism periods and the ages of new formations. Conflict theory is probably one of those which have remained intact in spite of the fact that its perspectives are gradually becoming out of date. Nevertheless, conflict theory incited the creation of the whole communist world, initiated Cold War and some other international disagreements, so it was to great extent prophetic. The present paper is designed to discuss this renowned approach to social functioning in terms of academic insights, made by its developers. As Collins (1974) writes, “the level of interpersonal interaction is all-inclusive; by the same token, it is ...
Dependency vs. modernization theory
Dependency vs. modernization theory
1 pages (250 words)
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... vs. MODERNIZATION THEORY The Third World countries have experienced massive variation in the economic development since after the end of Second World War. Currently, Modernization and Dependency theories are the two worldwide accepted speculations illuminating the diversification in the economic growth of these countries. Modernization theory explains the processes involved in conversion of underdeveloped societies to modern societies. According to this optimistic theory, the only way which the Third World countries should follow to develop themselves is to adapt the modern i.e. western values. The Dependency theory was in response to the former one. In reference to the Dependency theory, the world...
Learning Theory Annotated Bibilography
Learning Theory Annotated Bibilography
2 pages (500 words) , Download 1
... Bibliography [ID Humanistic Learning Theory Purdy, M. (1997). Humanist ideology and nurse education. 2. Limitations of humanisteducational theory in nurse education. Nurse Education Today, 17(3), 196-202. Purdy argues that humanistic learning theory, with its accompanying humanistic ideology, is often incompatible with nursing education. Purdys arguments are a fewfold. First, he claims that self-directed learning is “problematic” in the education of nurses, because required course content must be so circumscribed and specific. The medical industry in general requires highly controlled and ordered training and transmission of knowledge. Second, safety and the humanist model conflict sharply: Nurses ...
Social Theory
Social Theory
12 pages (3000 words)
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... Topic: Lecturer: Presentation: Marx and Engel Marx and Engel are popular social theorists whose work is based on criticisms to Hegel’s philosophical theory of history. They were more inclined to materialism as opposed to idealism which Hegel used to explain history. In their German ideology, they argued that philosophy had a tendency of turning reality upside down hence distorting external reality. They argued peoples perceptions are filtered through economic and material lenses hence “ideas and beliefs symbolize our economic class relations and experiences that we have with others in society” (Morrison, 2006 p. 66). Marx argues that there is a relation between ideas and material activity in...
Leadership Theory and Ms. Mayme
Leadership Theory and Ms. Mayme
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Theory and Ms. Mayme Introduction Leadership is a way of motivating a group to enable them to achieve their aims. It is the process of influencing others to accomplish an objective (Daft & Marcic,2008). It is also the manner of guiding an organization to become consistent and unified. It also involves being responsible for the group as a whole. Leadership has become a critical requirement for organizational success. A leader capitalizes on individual strength to fulfill the roles entrusted on him. Effective leaders are proactive performers that maintains balance between different forces that affects an organization and its people.. He is either appointed by the senior levels of management or...
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