Derek Kantaria has been a qualified mediator and arbitrator for seven years, during which time he has successfully mediated around 30 substantial disputes (as well as many less high-profile disputes); and has sat as arbitrator on eight occasions in import
Derek Kantaria has been a qualified mediator and arbitrator for seven years, during which time he has successfully mediated around 30 substantial disputes (as well as many less high-profile disputes); and has sat as arbitrator on eight occasions in import
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Kantaria: international arbitration Introduction Variations between common and civil law legal systems are very apparent, especially in matters pertaining management and disclosure of evidence. In international arbitration procedures, severe disagreements may arise between the conflicting parties, especially because the parties come from two different legal backgrounds1. As a result, issues of handling evidence and any substantive conflict between the disputing parties are of major concern in international arbitration procedures2. The procedural conflicts that arise during an international arbitration are solved in arbitral tribunals through discretional procedures. In the contemporary world, most...
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Role and Functions of Law

Role and Functions of Law

4 pages (1000 words)
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... of Law in Business and Society Law governs society and individuals in the modern world. However, none can be controlled by law unless they feel bound by it. So everyone’s conscience and common sense can form a decent basis for law for the individuals. But, in group interactions and community where different individual consciences come to the fore, more chances for conflict and encounters of differences are found. Here comes the necessity for a common law. Constitutions of the nations form the basis for the legal system. Law ensures social behavior is regulated. Work and business are part of the society and are also governed by law. According to Reference.com (2007), law is defined as: “rules of cond...
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"Concerning a Pretended Right to Lie from Motives of Humanity" by Immanuel Kant
"Concerning a Pretended Right to Lie from Motives of Humanity" by Immanuel Kant
1 pages (250 words)
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... Pretended Right from Motives of Humanity to Lie Affiliation According to Constant, it is not always wrong to tell a lie. He refutes this Kant’s position through the French Philosopher that indicates that it is a responsibility to tell the truth. The duty conception is inseparable from that of law or right. The philosopher explains that a duty is that corresponds in one being another’s right. Thus, where there are no rights, there will be no duties. Hence, people have an obligation to tell the truth, but the duty is towards an individual with the right to truth. Additionally, there is no individual with the right to the truth that harms others (Kant, 1873). It is always our duty answering truthfully a...
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Discuss the extent to which economic integration within the EU has been subordinated to the achievement of political objectives

Discuss the extent to which economic integration within the EU has been subordinated to the achievement of political objectives

11 pages (2750 words)
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... extent to which economic integration within the EU has been subordinated to the achievement of political objectives Introduction The free movement of goods is a fundamental cornerstone of the EU defined under the Treaty of Amsterdam as an important pillar of the internal market in Article 14 (www.eur-lex.euroa.eu). However, the inherently complex and individual nature of member states within the EU framework has created a system facilitating conflict with the EU monetary agenda in light of national political interests (Ronmar, 2008:199). Moreover, whilst the initial goal of the EU was to provide mutual security and co-operation amongst member states in the aftermath of the Second World War; the...
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Business and Employment Law

Business and Employment Law

6 pages (1500 words)
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... Impact of the European Union and EU law on the UK law and business The Treaty of Rome 1957 officially created the European Union (EU), with the promotion of social and economic harmony as its primary objective. The Treaty of Rome has been revised three times and the 1992 Maastricht Treaty created a new European Union radicalising the notion of European Economic Community and the European Single Market into European Community law1. This was subsequently ratified by the Treaty of Amsterdam (the Treaty). Whilst the original purpose of the EU was “to create political unity within Europe and prevent another world war….. it is the EEC (now known as the EU) that has had the most significance, particularly...
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A Growing Level of Financial Engineering and Risk Management
A Growing Level of Financial Engineering and Risk Management
15 pages (3750 words)
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... banks can provide efficient banking services to the nation if they are supported with appropriate banking laws and regulations. This will aid them to introduce PLS and other Islamic modes of operation, which are very conducive to economic development. In order that the Islamic banking system fully utilize its potential, it is preferable that Islamic banks have the opportunity to work as the sole system in an economy, as studies show that Islamic banks cannot, relatively, operate with full efficiency under a conventional banking framework especially the case of Islamic windows which exposed to close out in Qatar for example. However, in some cases Islamic banks can operate with a relatively limited...
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Property Law Master Case Study

Property Law Master Case Study

4 pages (1000 words)
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... 23636 Academia-Research Property Law December 15, 2008 Property Law In this instant case, Amy is advised that under the law she has beneficial interest in the family home, based on the premise of presumption of common intention which established a constructive trust with regard to the house she shared with Brian which was transferred in his name alone. With the facts of the case given in the above cited case of Amy and Brian with regard to their purchased house in the name of Brian, hereto are the grounds for the claim of Amy in the aforesaid property to wit: Based on the decided case Lloyds Bank plc v Rosset1 of the House of Lords which re-affirmed the essential elements of the establishment of...
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The Human Nature
The Human Nature
2 pages (500 words)
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... The Human Nature All the beliefs and acts are built up on the certain basis. There is an idea of a particular moral law, which is universal. It is based on the human nature. Many philosophers, psychologists and other researchers made their assumptions regarding it. There are many debates regarding the individual differences and the common core among all the people. This assignment is focused on the investigation of the human nature as the predisposition of existence of natural law. According to Thomas Jefferson’s words in the Declaration of Independence, all the people have inalienable rights: they are rights for “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness” (MacKinnon & Fiala). John Lock expressed ...
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Read the instruction
Read the instruction
2 pages (500 words)
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... Matters in Nursing Medical Legality In relation to practicing as a medical professional in a health care facility, criminal law pertains to the offenses or wrongs against a patient, property or society. This can lead to a health care practitioner going to jail for the wrong doing. The most common offenses under the criminal law entail practicing in a medical care occupation without a valid license (Follin & Springhouse Corporation, 2004). The other instances of criminal laws consist of wrong use of narcotics, murder or theft. Alternatively, Civil law deals with the lawful relationships between the patient and the medical practitioner. The most prevalent cases of civil law may comprise of negligence, ...
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ETMA06 Punishment
ETMA06 Punishment
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Civil vs. Criminal Introduction: Regardless of its form and ideology, every government around the world enforce the laws and maintain order through the judiciary. Whether a country has a democratic or authoritarian regime, a monarchy, dictatorship, presidential or parliamentary form of government, they all have their respective versions of the judiciary. The judiciary, whether represented by a jury panel, a single judge or a council of justices, hear and decide cases brought by the members of the population. The judiciary settles disputes and maintain order among the members of society. The judiciary hears and decides two main types of cases; these are the criminal cases for violations of the duly in...
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Family Law: civil partnership

Family Law: civil partnership

12 pages (3000 words)
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... present law in relation to the remedies available to cohabiting couples on the event of a relationship breakdown is unfair and uncertain, reform is inevitable and necessary.' Even at first blush, it cannot be gainsaid that the legal system has been biased in favor of marriage and married couples, affording a wide gamut of options, benefits and safety mechanisms for the couple that has undertaken matrimonial vows as opposed to the cohabiting couple. Ever since the year 1700, divorce has been able to the married couple, with all the privileges that ascribes unto it. It is now possible to procure a divorce through the Court on the following grounds: (1) adultery by the respondent, (2) unreasonable beh...
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Justice System in The United Arab Emirates
Justice System in The United Arab Emirates
8 pages (2000 words)
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... System in the UAE The Judicial System: In accordance with the Constitution of UAE, each Emirate is permitted to establish an independent judicial system. In the UAE, the judicial system is composed of Federal Courts and Local or Emirate Courts. (Fellas et al 1997). The Emirates that have tranferred their judicial systems to the UAE Federal Authority are Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, Ajman, Fujairah and Umm Al Quwain. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the Ministry of Justice of the Federal Government to undertake the tasks of supervising and administering the judicial systems of the above mentioned Emirates. The judicial systems of Emirates of Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah are not part of the UAE Federal Judic...
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Course Work 1 ( Legal Framework of Protective Security)
Course Work 1 ( Legal Framework of Protective Security)
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 1
... Legal Framework of Protective Security Word Count: 3,000 What criminal offences appear to have been committed and by whom? Advise Carl on his legalposition both with the civil law and criminal law. What criminal charges might Carl face and what defences might he have? Who might be able to take action against Carl under civil law and on what basis? Would any other person or organisation have any legal liabilities under civil law or under criminal law provisions in the UK? I. Criminal Offences Committed and By Whom (600 words) Torts in UK law are very clear in stipulating what is negligence and what is duty of care. “The tort of negligence has developed this century largely as a result of the...
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Role & Functions of Law

Role & Functions of Law

4 pages (1000 words)
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... Head: Role and Functions of Law The Role and Functions of Law In Business and Society The aim of this essay is to present and definethe role and functions of law in business and society. Introduction A very enigmatic phrase regarding business is written by Laszlo (2001) when she averred: “the business of business is business”. When people became aware of the benefits of trade and commerce during the industrial revolution of the 18th century, and even earlier in some cultures in other parts of the world, the evolution of business begun. With it came the necessity for a set of rules to serve as a guide for business to remain free from chaos. It is in this regard that this essay is written to present a...
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Title: Assess the importance and necessity of consideration in Engish Law

Title: Assess the importance and necessity of consideration in Engish Law

40 pages (10000 words)
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... the Importance and Necessity of Consideration in English Law Introduction ‘Consideration’ is the only approach in which courts of the common law jurisdictions will settle if a binding agreement has been created out of offer and acceptance and if the agreement should have effect in law. Keep in mind that is it only when a feature of mutuality relating to offer and acceptance that every contract will become enforceable. The contract law doctrine of consideration is still very imperative to the law of contract although it has been applied with some flexibility over the years. This is the more reason why there are certain important exceptions to this, based around the concept of ‘reasonable reliance’...
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Ethics Make up
Ethics Make up
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Make up al affiliations) i Part 1. Compare and contrast common law v. civil law legal systems. The common law originated from a Middle age period as an England applicable law. The civil law developed in the continental Europe during the same time and was applicable to imperial powers. Both laws exhibit unique features in terms of application and provisions. The common law limits comprehensive compilation with reference to rules and involved statues. The provisions within the common law rely on precedent cases. The precedents act as supporting material used by a presiding judge during a case hearing. As such, common law operates as the adversarial system that entails two parties contesting in the...
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AN ASSIGNMENT PAPER

AN ASSIGNMENT PAPER

2 pages (500 words)
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... Dear Isabella It is nice to hear from you that you are going to expand your company Pharma Heal Corporation and planning to launch its newbranch in Mexico. It is really a very positive step towards the growth of your business; therefore, I congratulate you for this achievement. I have thoroughly undergone your queries and have a lot to tell you about that. Firstly you should have deep insight into the ‘sociedad en commandita’. This is basically part of Spanish Civil Law which is being implemented in all Spanish colonies in the world including Mexico. Mexico basically acts as an open market which welcomes foreign investments and entrepreneurial activities with no other deduction except taxes. Accordin...
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THE LAW OF TORT

THE LAW OF TORT

8 pages (2000 words)
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... Maria Perpetua A. Serapio Academia-Research Topic: Law on Tort December 5, 2008 Law of Tort Many of the local residents, and Mr. Jones and Miss Thompson in particular, have written to GGC Ltd. To complain about the noise, dust, fumes, etc. emanating from the site. The residents of the cul-de-sac have also complained about the lorries blocking the entrance to their properties. Identify and explain the legal issues these concerns raise in relation to nuisance and advise the Board of any potential liability they have to the complainants. Answer: In this instant case we are presented with a case of nuisance where all the elements are present. Nuisance is any act, omission, establishment, business, condi...
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Separation or division of powers between institutions in the criminal justice system (comparative)
Separation or division of powers between institutions in the criminal justice system (comparative)
13 pages (3250 words)
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... or division of powers between s in the criminal justice system is essential to safeguarding the rights of the suspect. Institution: Subject: Date: Introduction Before comparing the criminal Justice of countries like United Kingdom, South Africa, and France, there is need first to understand what criminal justice system entails and some of its components. Criminal justice system1 entails processes put in place by the government of a given country to prevent crime and inflict penalties to those who break the law. How the criminal justice system works in a given region depends on the jurisdiction in charge: county, city, federal, state, or military installation. Different jurisdictions encompass differe...
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Consider the extent to which burden of proofs conflict with the presumption of innocence in English Law

Consider the extent to which burden of proofs conflict with the presumption of innocence in English Law

20 pages (5000 words)
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... The paper discusses the connection between the Burden of Proof and the Presumption of Innocence in English Law. The frequent clash and disagreement between the two legal obligations are elaborated in this paper as well. English Law Basically, the legal system of Wales and England is called the English Law and presently it is the common law in most Commonwealth countries and the US. During the time when the British Empire was at its zenith, the English Law was established in the Commonwealth countries, and most of the laws are maintained even today in those countries. In English Law, the judges use legal precedent and their common sense to formulate the laws. In England, it is possible to amend or r...
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Legal Decision Making
Legal Decision Making
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Decision Making When a ruling is being passed in any given court of law, the defendant must be proved beyond reasonable doubt that he or she is guilty before a sentence can be passed on. This applies to both the criminal and civil law where in criminal law, the prosecutor proves to the judge beyond reasonable doubts that he is guilty of an offence. On the other hand, in regard to the civil law, the plaintiff has to prove to the judge that the defendant is guilty of an offence against him. 1 In criminal law, a crime is defined as an act or a conduct prejudicial to the community, the commission of which, by law renders the person responsible liable to be prosecuted and punished accordingly. Prosecutio...
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Criminal and civil litigation; Mental Health Law

Criminal and civil litigation; Mental Health Law

20 pages (5000 words)
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... and Civil Litigation; Mental Health Law PART A: CRIMINAL LITIGATION ment of Facts This research paper explores the concept of Mens Rea in criminal law, as well as, what it represents in reality especially in respect to what it reflects in a Defendant’s culpability. The legal personalities explain Mens Rea as the mental state of a defendant. As such, it explores the mental capacity and state of the defendant in the moments or periods before the occurrence of the crime. The mental state of a defendant helps establish whether the crime was an intentional one or occurred out of accident. This considers what attorneys search for in most crimes, and as such consider it as a prerequisite or requirement for ...
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The 1968 Theft Act
The 1968 Theft Act
4 pages (1000 words)
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... The 1968 Theft Act was supposed to come with simplified rules and policies that were meant to eliminate the many dilemmas and confusions that criminal lawyers had faced earlier. Unfortunately, soon after its introduction into the legislation more complexities started to arise. It appeared that most of the concepts that were designed to bring out clarity in theft cases turned out to bring more confusion following the various proceedings that advanced from there henceforth. The most controversial concept being appropriation which had been introduced into the law to simplify things by replacing taking and carrying away. The term was defined in partiality by section 3 (1) of the (1968) Theft Act. Lack...
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The Sources of Law

The Sources of Law

1 pages (250 words)
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... Sources of law Thesis ment To show and describe the sources of law Law refers to a set o rules that are prescribed or formulated by a controlling authority and that has a binding force. The American legal system has a collection of rules that govern its behavior. There are two primary sources of American law; Legislative law This is by definition, a prescribed rule that is expressed in verbal form and is enacted by an authorized law making body. There may be several legislative bodies in a state; central, provincial or state and the municipal authorities. It contains laws that explain; what is required authorized or prohibited behavior of an individual prior to its action. The federal and the state a...
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Answering business law question

Answering business law question

1 pages (250 words)
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... law Qn1 A plaintiff of Ohio seeking damages of $90,000.00 from a defendant of New Jersey- First, the citizens are from different states and the damages are above $ 75,000.00 (McKenna, 1993). Qn2 Because different circuits have different laws and they affect a large number of people hence, uniformity is required to reduce a backlog of cases to the Supreme Court. Qn3 The results of appeal court affects a huge number of people while for the trial court, it affects only the participants of the case. Qn4 It first begins with petition; where the plaintiff file’s the facts and damages caused by the defendant. The second step is answering where the defendant pleads guilty or not guilty. The third stage is ...
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How legal cultures differ from England to Germany
How legal cultures differ from England to Germany
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Legal Cultures in England and Germany Legal Cultures in England and Germany A legal culture is a system withvery many rules, regulations and practices that a particular country uses in practicing law (Zeigert, 2008, 448). Different countries have different legal cultures and their judicial system is responsible for carrying out rulings depending on various factors as stipulated by their laws (Ziegert, 2008, 450). Germany and England have two very different legal systems provided their vast historical and judicial differences and thus the case proceedings in different law settings vary and may at times present opposing outcomes. In the cases provided, it is imperative to understand case proceedings...
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Law and ethics

Law and ethics

2 pages (500 words)
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... Law Contract Law Introduction Workers must understand basic elements of contract especially from their legal perspective. The idea increases their bargaining power while ensuring that they gain higher returns from the contract. As this paper will demonstrate, the binding effects of the contract should match the underlying contents while noting the succeeding penalties. A. Binding effect of Contract The nature of consideration for any contract, first, is dependent on the subject in question. It implies that both parties entering the contract have a lasting agreement that is based on mutual understanding. Therefore, in case of employment contract, it is critical for both the employee and employee to...
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Global perspectives assessment
Global perspectives assessment
5 pages (1250 words)
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... the impact of globalization on the US criminal justice system To place it on a general scale, there is a great challenge of globalization to the US criminal justice system because of some changes including the following aspects: international dimensions of crime, technological influences on global criminality, and the influence of America’s diversified culture (Ward, 2000). Due to the associated challenges of these changes, the American criminal justice system according to Ward tries to face and adapt to new forms of criminality; and recognize the importance of international cooperation, threats on America’s borders and the inceptions of new types of crime. This means that the US criminal justice...
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LAW OF TORT 2- DEFAMATION

LAW OF TORT 2- DEFAMATION

5 pages (1250 words)
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... Law of Tort 2: Defamation I. Introduction Everyone owes a duty of care to those affected by his or her actions and is liable in law for his or her negligence. Tort is the law that relates to civil wrongs, and in particular the laws relating to negligence. Defamation is a particular form of negligence which can be brought to the courts on the part of the plaintiff. Humphrey does not have a case for libel, because libel consists of printed lies or untruths. However, Humphrey may have a case when it comes to Rupert slandering him, since he spoke untruths to a public audience about Humphrey Fanny is not really liable for either libel or defamation because she only dictated what Rupert said. Here, the...
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Correlation between the concepts of rights and law

Correlation between the concepts of rights and law

19 pages (4750 words)
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... between the concepts of rights and law According to the Declaration of Independence of the United s (1776), human beings are born with inalienable rights and these should not be violated. On the other hand, it can be noted that the law of the land in different countries is designed to protect the rights of the citizens in different ways. It can be noted that there is a correlation between the concepts of rights and law. As such, this paper seeks to critically analyse the relationship between rights and law. It starts by defining these two concepts in order to get a full understanding of their meanings. The main part of the paper discusses the theoretical framework underpinning these two concepts. ...
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A Critical Discussion on the Issue of Gay Marriage
A Critical Discussion on the Issue of Gay Marriage
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Marriage The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical discussion on the issue of gay marriage. The format that this paper will utilize is to highlight some of the major points pertaining to the pros and cons of the issue. Although this paper will provide insight into some of the moral considerations regarding the situation, this paper in no way represents a personal opinion. There is little question that the issue of gay marriage is a highly controversial issue. With subjects such as this there is no single unifying factor that speaks entirely to the strengths or weaknesses rather there are a whole host of arguments that are presented. This paper will first highlight some of the main arguments ...
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Health and safety law

Health and safety law

10 pages (2500 words)
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... and Safety Law Health and Safety Law Introduction Health and safety law is a law body that sees to it that protection is offered to the general public. It ensures that the public’s welfare, safety and health and other specific groups like employees are protected. It has a regulatory framework that operates alongside the system of civil law (Rosalyn, 2014a: 2). This enables lawsuits to be filed by individuals against companies, organizations or even individuals that might be termed as liable for death or personal injury. The outcome of the lawsuit is most often a fine (financial penalty) or even imprisonment of the responsible individual through criminal prosecution. The employee who is injured can...
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LASA 1 Criminal Behavior
LASA 1 Criminal Behavior
7 pages (1750 words)
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... LASA CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR LASA CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR The study involving criminal behavior is based on the general notion that certain acts classified as criminal are present and consistent across a number of societies. These actions are related closely to delinquent behavior and are to the extent or level of being immoral. Crime is an act that impacts or affects everyone whether indirectly through economic and social costs or directly as a fatality or victim. Irrespective of how important it is to understand the behavior exhibited by the criminal, it does not necessarily remove or do away with criminal behavior. Criminal behavior has remained to be a spotlight for psychologists because of the age old...
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Standard of proof in criminal law cases

Standard of proof in criminal law cases

2 pages (500 words) , Download 0
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... the context of the American justice system, the concept of Standard of Proof possesses unique importance. Referring to the level of proof required for a prosecution to fulfil its burden of proof obligation, it provides the guidelines for the determination of guilt/innocence in both civil and criminal law cases. Two of the three standards of proof, "preponderance of evidence" and "clear and convincing evidence" are limited in use to civil case. This is largely because they require only a low to medium level of proof for the establishment of guilt. As regards the third standard, "beyond reasonably doubt," it is primarily employed in criminal cases and requires a very high level of proof. Indeed,...
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Dispute Settlement (CIvil Suit) GP - Unit 2

Dispute Settlement (CIvil Suit) GP - Unit 2

2 pages (500 words)
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... of Law Conflict of law is a set of rules that is used internationally to determine the legal system or jurisdiction that will be used to resolve contractual disputes. From the above case, it is evident that each of the four different parties will place a different argument as to the rule of conflict of jurisdiction that would be used to resolve the civil suit. The lawyers for State X will argue that the closest and most real connection rule should be used to decide where the suit should be heard (Burton, 2006). In this case, the lawyers will argue that ABC Company is incorporate in State X, and the factory being used in State Z belongs to State X, therefore the company has the most real connection t...
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K. Marx Selected writing

K. Marx Selected writing

2 pages (500 words)
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... contrast to other political theorists of his time, Karl Marx abstains from forging notions of justice and morality out of theological or ethical assertions about the world around him. In the absence of offering any explicit moral code himself, Marx's claims are measurable along common modes of moral belief: deontology, utilitarianism, and virtue ethics. Arguably, the fact that Marx's writings remain largely bereft of explicit moral theories has been, historically, one reason why his conclusions are so appealing. That is, we cannot successfully attack Marx's philosophy from potentially debatable ethical foundations. Marx holds that human knowledge automatically begins from our sensations and perc...
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Concerning a Pretended Right to Lie from Motives of Humanity by Immanuel Kant
Concerning a Pretended Right to Lie from Motives of Humanity by Immanuel Kant
1 pages (250 words)
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... Truthfulness as a Duty What argument does Constant give to refute Kant’s position that it is always wrong to lie? Similar to Kant, Constant admits that truthfulness can be regarded as a duty. On the other hand, this duty must always be considered as an obligation that does not cause harm to another person. For this reason, Constant is convinced that truthfulness must be followed in the case if it does not harm another person. Kants strict requirement to comply with the truthfulness everywhere and in everything makes the existence of society impossible. 2. Why is it always our duty to answer truthfully a question that we cannot avoid answering? Truthfulness is a duty. Moreover, truthfulness must be r...
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International Banking
International Banking
18 pages (4500 words)
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... BANKING-LAW AND PRACTICE Task Questions Regulation of Banks 2. Security for secured syndicated loans in an international context NAME OF STUDENT STUDENT NUMBER LAW M591 INSTRUCTOR’S NAME 22ND DECEMBER 2011. Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 1.0REGULATION OF BANKS 2 1.1 Introduction 2 1.2 Banking Regulation Policy Highlights 2 1.3 Main objectives of bank regulation 3 1.4 Disadvantages to the regulation of these businesses because of the behaviours they encourage in the regulated entities and their customers. 8 2.0SECURITY FOR SECURED SYNDICATED LOANS IN AN INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT 10 2.1 Introduction 10 2.2 Overview of Common law and civil law jurisdiction with regard to secure syndicated loans 11...
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Bernard Lawrence Bernie Madoff

Bernard Lawrence Bernie Madoff

5 pages (1250 words)
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... Business: The Unethical and Illegal Activities of Bernie Madoff WRITE HERE Floyd Business Law 100 Nov. 22, Bernie Madoff, a former chairman of the NASDAQ stock market, investment advisor, and stock broker, was incarcerated in 2009 for illegal business practices. The many crimes he pleaded guilty to had negative effects on several parties, including private investors, investment groups, and banks. The use of business safeguards such may have prevented some of the negative impacts of Madoff’s business practices; and use of good business and investment practices may have prevented much of the losses experienced by private investors. Under criminal and civil law, several types of legal action were...
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Law Enforcement Challenges

Law Enforcement Challenges

1 pages (250 words)
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... Enforcement Challenges Law Enforcement Challenges Explain in detail the greatest challenge facing law enforcement agencies in investigating Exploitation, cyber stalking, and obscenity Advances in technology have led to the occurrence of various crimes in the world. The perpetrators of exploitation, cyber stalking and obscenity keep on developing new ways through which they cannot be tracked down. The activities of these individuals lead to a lot of discomfort against the individuals that they are carried against. Law enforcement agencies have not developed laws that equal the development of the obscenity, exploitation and cyber stalking that is witnessed among populations (Leman- Langlois, 2012). 2...
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13th and 14th century european Scholasticism
13th and 14th century european Scholasticism
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Universities were established in Europe for the first time during 11th century and in next four centuries fifty more universities were established. The first university established was University of Bologna and it was founded by law students. It was during 13th and 14th century that around Western Europe Universities were founded. There were twenty three universities in Europe during 1300 and by 14th century end twenty two more universities were founded. Training was provided in arts, law, medicine and theology. Legal study was done by a large minority of students (Hilde DeRidder-Symoens, 596) Training was given in canon and civil law to large number of students. Privileges Students were all from...
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Equity law

Equity law

5 pages (1250 words) , Download 1
... LAW by As a legal concept, as influenced by English common law, equity pertains to the set of maxims which reigns supreme in terms of civil law, and from which all civil laws are derived from. The foundational basis of the contemporary law system was a set of writs that were issued by The Chancery, the office of equity. Accordingly as Halliwell (1997) portrays, equity continues to be wholly unaffected by any existing state laws, mitigating the prevailing rigors of common law. This allows courts to utilize existing discretion, when applying justice in accordance with natural law (Halliwell, 1997:09). Practically, Hudson (2009) avers that modern equity is limited by both procedural and substantive...
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Contract Law assignment question

Contract Law assignment question

6 pages (1500 words)
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... Law Assignment 1. Introduction A contract according to English and common law is a legal binding containing exchange of promises between the parties involved. The law will enforce the contract if any of the parties breach the contract. The breach of the contract can be recognised by the law and the remedies were provided in the law to make up the loss for the victim. The contract law can be classied as civil law and law of obligations. The most important features in the contract is offer and acceptance. These two in a combined state can be called a concurrence of wills or a meeting of the minds. If there is any breach of the contract the victim must manifest or prove that there is a contract between ...
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International Business Law

International Business Law

16 pages (4000 words)
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... Law Question When Linda insured her cargo under Lloyd’s Marine Policy and Institute Cargo Clauses A she created an insurance contract between her and the insurer. An insurance contract is contract that binds the insurer to compensate the insured upon “the occurrence of a future uncertain event” or for a specific occurrence on an “uncertain date” if the insured “has an interest in that event” and the insurer has no control over that event.1 Linda’s insurance contract is by definition a marine insurance which in general terms has the same legally binding premise of an ordinary insurance contract.2 Since Linda’s insurance contract incorporates Lloyd’s Marine Policy it is a marine insurance contract and ...
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Categories of Crime
Categories of Crime
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1
... general, there are two different types of law in the United s of America, criminal law and civil law. Though there are numerous subcategories under each of these general headings, the main distinction is defined by the fact that, as per the American Bar Association, civil cases involve two people having a dispute, while criminal cases enforcing public codes as embodied by the law. Another factor of difference in criminal law is incarceration. If found guilty of a crime, a person will usually be sentenced to a term of prison, as well as possibly fines and loss of property; in a civil matter, a person may face either of the latter two, but not usually the first (Cornell University Law School, 2010)....
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Law and Business Ethics and Social Responsibility

Law and Business Ethics and Social Responsibility

1 pages (250 words)
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... and Business Ethics and Social Responsibility of the of Law and Business Ethics and Social Responsibility The American law consists of various levels of uncodified and codified types of law. The most vital is the U.S. Constitution, the basis of the U.S. federal government. The Constitution lays down the limitations of federal law, consisting of Congress’s constitutional acts, constitutional accords sanctioned by Congress, executive branch’s propagated constitutional regulations, and case law derived from the federal magistrates. The federal law and the Constitution are the highest land law, thus preventing territorial laws and the conflicting state within the fifty U.S. states. Thus, the major U.S. l...
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Law - Civil Procedure (Hong Kong)

Law - Civil Procedure (Hong Kong)

6 pages (1500 words)
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... If a plaintiff wants to enjoin a party from doing something, then the plaintiff must present an undertaking to the court. This is moneydeposited with the court, that the court can, in his or her discretion, give to the defendant if the injunction is dismissed or the defendant prevails in a trial on the merits. There are a variety of reasons why the court may award this, but the fact remains, that this award is discretionary. What follows is a discussion about undertakings, why they are necessary, what function they serve, and how they operate. Discussion The practice of requiring an undertaking before being granted an interim injunction began in the 19th Century with the case of Novello v. James...
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The law of tort: an analysis

The law of tort: an analysis

5 pages (1250 words)
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... LAW OF TORT: AN ANALYSIS Introduction Tort is a French word which means wrong Thus, tort law is the law of wrongdoing or perhaps of wrong.2 A tort is not a criminal wrong although the two concepts have much in common and may often overlap; conversely, tort law establishes the conditions in which an individual whose interests have been jeopardized by another can be compensated through the civil courts.3 This paper endeavours to explore the concepts related to the Law of Tort specifically its relation to the medical profession. This paper also deems to critique the statement: Considerable deference is, however paid to the practices of the professions (particularly the medical profession) as...
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Justice Systems of the World
Justice Systems of the World
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Legal Environment: Justice Systems of the World Legal Environment: Justice Systems of the World Introduction The justice system isdefined as a mechanism that is devoted to apprehend suspects and punish proven criminals with several sentences. The sentences are however based on severity and type of offense a particular person has committed. In case of developed countries death sentences are rarely awarded against any sort of crime. Yet the legal systems of advanced nations are notorious for issuing life sentences against crimes such as murder and felony murder. Furthermore the legal environment of less developed countries is found to be merely passing judgments on the basis of testimonies....
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Trust in a law

Trust in a law

8 pages (2000 words) , Download 1
... Maria Perpetua A. Serapio Academia-Research Topic: Property December 5, 2008 Property Part A. (i). In view of the foregoingfacts it is evident that Arnold, Wendy and Bill made a resulting trust. This is based on the intention of the parties with regard to the transfer of the said property. With all intents and purposes, the name of Bill was added in the property only for convenience of getting a mortgage loan and no other. Without any monetary consideration from Bill. This was done without the intention of any beneficial ownership to Bill. 1 Under the law a resulting trust is where although legal title is vested in a trustee, equitable title becomes vested in the settlor.2 Based on the decided...
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