Biology Unit 4 IP
... Smoking of the of the Cigarette Smoking What main components in cigarettes affect the respiratory system? Explain their effects on specific organs, cells and/or processes in the respiratory system.
Several of the constituents of the gaseous phase of smoking cause severe damage to the respiratory tract. For instance, carbon monoxide binds itself to a much greater degree than oxygen to hemoglobin. As a result, less oxygen is carried by the blood. Some of the other components of this phase are Acrolein, Ammonia, Acetone, Benzene, Hydrogen, Methane, Nitrogen, and phenol Formaldehyde (Robinson & Scullion, 2009, p. 544).
There is a loss of cilia and the mucus glands undergo hypertrophy in the upper airway...