Human Biological Systems, Gas Exchange & Transport
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... Gas Exchange and Transport Gas Exchange and Transport TAQ Explain the structure of the respiratory system. Respiratory System Component Structure Function(s) 1. Respiratory Controller a) Cerebral Cortex b) Brainstem: “Medulla Oblongata” and “Pons” are two major structures that provide respiratory control. (Speck et al, 1993, p.39, 43). Each of them contains two respiratory centers. There are total four respiratory centers in the brainstem; Inspiratory center, Expiratory center, Pneumotaxic center and Apneustic center. Cerebral cortex provides behavioral control, whereas, brainstem provides an autonomic control for respiration. Overall, this CNS control determines the depth and frequency of the...