The Four Gospels and their Traditional Authors
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... Four Gospels and their Traditional None of the four canonical Gospels identify their by within their text. Early Church tradition, however, associated each of the Gospels with a character mentioned elsewhere in the New Testament. As a result, the authorship of the Gospels, as well as the textual interrelations that undeniably exist between them in terms of their sources, has become an important issue in scholarly discussion of the New Testament. In particular, the close agreement of Matthew and Luke with Mark, and, where they differ with Mark, with each other, establishes some sort of dependency among them, hence they are called the Synoptic Gospels, while John has a far more independent tradition...