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Civil Engineering in the UK
Civil Engineering in the UK
39 pages (9750 words)
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... investigation into Sustainable waste and wastewater management within Civil Engineering in the UK Submitted by Contents Particulars Page No 1 Introduction 5 1.1 Background for the study 6 1.2 Reuse of water as sustainable option 9 1.3 Innovative approaches for sewage treatment 9 1.4 Scope and objectives of research 12 2. Review of literature 2.1 Global Perceptions of Sustainability in Sewage Treatment 15 2.2 Sewage treatment and sustainability in U.K. 17 2.3 Directives to improve sewage treatment in UK 20 2.4 Industrial intervention for sustainability. 21 2.5 Sustainable solutions for sewage treatment 23 2.6 Reed based sustainable sew...
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CLINICAL CASE STUDY- Diagnostic Techniques in Pathology
CLINICAL CASE STUDY- Diagnostic Techniques in Pathology
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Diagnostic Techniques in Pathology Department: Question Explanation of the patient history History and Physical Examination Comments Patient Name: Date: Referral Source: Data Source: Patient Chief Complaint & ID: A twenty year old female patient who has suffered from a problem of productive cough for twenty four hours that got worse for a whole night. History of Present Illness The patient, a lady aged 20 years, who according to her report had been well until 24 hours ago when she suffered an acute case of productive cough. She kept fit and has had good health prior to the cough, given her regular work outs at the gym. The cough, she says started off as a common case. However, it got worse...
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Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
3 pages (750 words) , Download 0
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... The effect of different Sugar Type on the speed of Energy Production in Yeast Fermentation Respiration is the metabolic process, through which carbohydrates are converted into energy for synthesis by cells. The process is important, as it allows for the breakdown of food compounds, especially sugar – which are then absorbed by cells. The materials required during the study include four 100 ml beakers labeled as 1-4, a 200 ml beaker, deionized water; 5% glucose, fructose and sucrose solutions. Others materials included a sugar solution, yeast, a 300 Celsius water bath and four fermentation tubes, labeled as 1-4.The experiment involved using different sugar compounds: glucose, sucrose and fructose....
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A weapons and explosives (ammunition, TNT) burial ground was recently unearthed and you have been called in as an expert in bior
A weapons and explosives (ammunition, TNT) burial ground was recently unearthed and you have been called in as an expert in bior
3 pages (750 words)
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... Bioremediation, Algal biofuel and Microcosm Bioremediation Plan Bioremediation is a viable option for a weapons and explosives (TNT, ammunition) burial ground. Nitroaromatic compounds such as 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) are xenobiotics that can undergo microbial degradation in the environment but the process is relatively slow. The plan is to carry out bioremediation in a two step process. The first step will comprise of microbial degradation by aerobic bacteria. In the second stage microbial degradation will be undertaken by anaerobic bacteria culture. The weapons and explosives are highly toxic and the burial ground should be a restricted site until completion of the bioremediation process. This...
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Biology (u2 ip&db)
Biology (u2 ip&db)
3 pages (750 words)
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... Aerobic Cellular Respiration Full balanced equation 6CO2 + 6H2O + Light Energy = C6H12O6 + 6O2 Reactants “The process of photosynthesis is broken up into two main groups of reactions: the "light reactions" which require light energy to operate, and the "Calvin cycle" which specifically takes carbon dioxide and turns it into organic molecules” (GlobalChange, 2008, pg. 1) “In respiration, glucose is oxidized and thus releases energy. Oxygen is reduced to form water. The carbon atoms of the sugar molecule are released as carbon dioxide (CO2). The complete breakdown of glucose to carbon dioxide and water requires two major steps: 1) glycolysis and 2) aerobic respiration” (SUNY, 2008, pg. 1) Products Oxy...
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Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes
Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes
16 pages (4000 words)
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... Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes Professional cycling is among the most physically demanding sports with a combination of extreme duration, intensity and frequency of the physical demand. Professional cyclists have approximately 100 race-days in a year with races ranging from 200 to 3000 and more kilometers on different terrains with different requirements for physical endurance, terrains like roads, mountains, cross road etc. (Jeukendrup et al. 2000). In a study conducted by White et al. 1984 the measured the physiological impact of 24 hours cycling race on a highly trained cycling athlete (23 years old, weighting 73 kilograms and 195 centimeters tall)....
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Aerobic Respiration of germinating and non-germinating peas
Aerobic Respiration of germinating and non-germinating peas
2 pages (500 words)
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... Aerobic Respiration of Germinating and Non-Germinating Peas Introduction Germination refers to the scientific transition of a plant seed into a seedling. Naturally it requires certain basic environmental conditions in order to occur (Bewley 1985). Some of the conditions include air, warmth, and moisture. Generally studies have shown that there are two main types of seed germination that naturally occur that is aerobic and anaerobic germination. For aerobic germination the three elements are essential while for anaerobic air is not necessary (Bewley 1985). The experiment was aimed at determining the amount of CO2 gas produced during the germination of peas seeds under a room temperature. It entailed t...
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Minimising the emission of CO2
Minimising the emission of CO2
2 pages (500 words)
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... the emission of CO2 To control and assess CO2 emissions, information on energy used for heating and hot water is taken and added to a calculation to estimate the energy consumption from lights and appliances. This provides a more comprehensive figure for overall CO2 emissions than the Carbon Index in the Building Regulations. To control the consumption, of energy low energy lights can be used in locations like lounge, kitchen, hall way. Full low energy lights can be used in habitable rooms. To qualify as low energy lighting, the efficacy of the lamp must be 40 Lumens per Watt or better. Low energy appliances are considered in Eco Labelled goods. Blocks of flats/apartments may have central boilers s...
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Ar.iclo p824
Ar.iclo p824
2 pages (500 words)
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... Hygiene Dental hygiene is a key aspect in avoiding infections not only to the patients, but also to the physicians. Usually, dental physicians take infections with great concern because they value the health of their patients as well as their own health. Besides, no patient will feel comfortable in the presence of an unhygienic dentist due to fear of spread of diseases. In this respect, it is essential for everyone to take great care of each other in order to avoid the spread of infections and diseases. Some of the ways to achieve this objective include hand-washing, sterilizing bib clips, and the wearing of gloves when under duty. Despite the fact that and washing is an important component of oral h...
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Diagnosis of an infected patient
Diagnosis of an infected patient
2 pages (500 words)
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... OF AN INFECTED PATIENT (Anatomical differences among bacteria) of (affiliation) Location of University: DIAGNOSIS OF AN INFECTED PATIENT This paper discusses the anatomical differences among three kinds of bacteria which are the Bacillus, Escherichia, and Mycoplasma. The discussions here are in relation to a hypothetical patient with an infection who needs to be diagnosed on what is causing his ailment and so if the bacterium is correctly identified, then a proper treatment protocol can be implemented for a cure. A sputum sample of the infected patient had been obtained for a laboratory examination. The bacterium Bacillus is a rod-shaped bacteria and can form long chains; it is also the prokaryotic...
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The Forensicality of Human Death
The Forensicality of Human Death
4 pages (1000 words)
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... of Death In terms of the forensicality of human death there are a number of stage of physical decomposition. The elements of this decomposition are essential aspects of the natural life cycle and have been used by forensic investigators as a means of determining time of death. Within this spectrum of understanding there are a variety of elements that scientists and investigators in determining the varying stages of death and decomposition. This essay investigates the forensicality of death through an analysis of the various physical dimensions. When investigating the forensic aspects of death investigators recognize that there are a variety of elements that contribute to the overarching period of...
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Alcoholic Fermentation
Alcoholic Fermentation
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Alcoholic Fermentation Introduction Fermentation is a microbiological reaction that takes place in the absence of oxygen. The reaction aids in the conversion of sugars to alcohol or lactic acid. Specifically the process of fermentation refers to the conversion of sugar into alcohol by the use of yeast or use of bacteria in creating lactic acid in certain foods. Under the right conditions, the process of fermentation occurs naturally in many foods. In this case, the process of decomposition of carbohydrates occurs under the influence of microorganisms. The energy needed for this process results from oxidation and reduction reactions undertaken by these microorganisms as well as the chemical compound...
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Benefits of Exercise
Benefits of Exercise
5 pages (1250 words) , Download 1
... How does Exercise Improve you Physically and Mentally and What's the Best Exercise? Introduction Exercise may be defined as physical exertion of the body in which the body is subjected to such levels of physical activity that both physical and mental health are enhanced (Christian, Medical News Today). Different people exercise for different reasons and they are to strengthen the muscles, to optimize functioning of the cardiovascular system, to enhance specific athletic skills, to control weight of the body, for the purpose of fun or to win some sports event and to socialize (Christian, Medical NewsToday). In this essay, the various types of exercise and their effects on health will be discussed....
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Identification of unknown Bacteria
Identification of unknown Bacteria
6 pages (1500 words)
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... of unknown Bacteria The purpose of the experiment was to identify unknown bacteria from mixed culture #18 using biochemical and morphological test: The tests done include: Culturing and Gram staining for Morphology. The biochemical tests were: Lactose fermentation, Tryptophan digestion (Indole), Orinithine, methyl red and mannitol test. Basing on the results the most likely bacteria were: for the unknown A, was Klebsiella pneumoniae which is a typical rod shaped bacterium, a Gram-negative, lactose fermenting, facultative anaerobic, encapsulated and non-motile. For the unknown B: It was likely to be Salmonella Typhimurium bacteria which is a typical nonspore-forming rods, facultative anaerobic,...
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Scientific Lab
Scientific Lab
4 pages (1000 words)
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... of unknown Bacteria from Mixed Culture #18 The purpose of the experiment was to identify unknown bacteria from mixed culture #18 using biochemical and morphological test: The tests done include: Culturing and Gram staining for Morphology. The biochemical tests were: Lactose fermentation, Tryptophan digestion (Indole), Orinithine, methyl red and mannitol test. Basing on the results the most likely bacteria were: for the unknown A, was Klebsiella pneumoniae which is a typical rod shaped bacterium, a Gram-negative, lactose fermenting, facultative anaerobic, encapsulated and non-motile. For the unknown B: It was likely to be Salmonella Typhimurium bacteria which is a typical nonspore-forming rods,...
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Biology of food
Biology of food
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Liu Oct 26 Biology of food Speaking of tough-and-stringy beef, If a cow (or a person) eats more calories than they use, what happens to the "excess?" If a person eats more calories than they use, the excess calories are stored in the body as fat. The unique high fructose corn syrup sauce contains a high amount of fructose (sugar) which is excess calories needed in the body. Digestion, absorption, and metabolism of fructose favor the production of fat in the liver. Fructose does not stimulate insulin secretion nor does it promote leptin production. Insulin and leptin regulate food intake and body weight, thus consumption of high fructose corn syrup sauce contributes to increased energy ingestion and...
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Introduction of crude oil biodegrading by some marine bacteria and reduce sulphur component
Introduction of crude oil biodegrading by some marine bacteria and reduce sulphur component
1 pages (250 words)
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... The role of microorganisms in degradation of marine oil spills is being constantly investigated as the fate of petroleum compounds in marine environment depends on their transformation or degradation by microbes. More than hundred known species of bacteria and fungi play a role in the degradation of marine oil to usable components with the help of their enzymes (Patin, n.d). The hydrocarbons present in the petroleum products are effectively degraded by various Pseudomonas and Penicillum species (Cerniglia & Perry, 2007). The natural process of degradation of marine oil is time-consuming as a result extensive damage can occur to the marine organisms and indirectly upon humans when they consume such...
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Rationale for Work Placement
Rationale for Work Placement
5 pages (1250 words)
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... for Work Placement Based on personal interests, attributes and skills, sport therapy is a bit off the required practices that a fitness instructor and trainer does best. Although sport therapy is an interesting field as well, an instructor for the same would appear to duplicate learning modules, since it is also offered in class work. A good example to illustrate this sentiment is the situation at Selby College, which offers sport therapy as a learning module in class. Besides, professional sport instructors need fitness prowess more than in any other field (Fröhlich, Giebing and Preuss, 2005, p95). Interests in professional sport training still remain high on the priority list of target achievements...
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Book Review
Book Review
3 pages (750 words)
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...  Book Review There is minimal health risk when an individual is slightly overweight. On the other hand, when a person is overweight or obese, he or she can suffer from diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and high blood pressure. Being overweight not only causes psychological stress because of low self confidence and anxiety, but can lower a person’s life expectancy. It is unfortunate that many people who are overweight want to lose weight mostly by dieting. Many of the individuals perceive this to be the best method because it entails product consumption or following the instructions and then the weight is lost. This method is further reinforced by a huge number of diet books, television and internet...
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SUMMARY
SUMMARY
2 pages (500 words)
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... Effects of Diet Restriction on Health Affiliation Summary: Effects of Diet Resolution on Health Prolonged dietary restriction is said to escalate the life span in rodents. Evidence suggests that intermittent fasting may also prolong the life span of humans (Leonie, et al., 2005). Investigations were done to determine whether intermittent fasting is a practicable technique of nutritional limitation in non-obese humans and if it increases known biomarkers of longevity. The results obtained concluded that alternate fasting was possible in non-obese subjects; however hunger did not reduce on fasting days thus making it difficult to continue the diet for long. Alternatively a light meal on a fasting day...
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Entamoeba histolytica
Entamoeba histolytica
8 pages (2000 words)
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... histolytica This paper gives an overview of the Entamoeba histolytica. It gives in depth detail regarding the lifecycle, genome structure, ecology and habitat, cell structure and metabolism, pathology and any current research that is going on regarding the protozoa. It will also include detail on how the parasite is transmitted, the diagnosis, and possible treatment options in case of an infection. The Entamoeba histolytica is of the Eukaryota domain, the phylum Amaebozoa, the class Archamoebae, the order Amoeibida and of the genus Entamoeba1. The parasitic protozoan is known to primarily infect humans and other primates mainly through the ingestion of any food and water that is contaminated with...
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Citrobacter freundii
Citrobacter freundii
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Freundii This experiment focused on the isolation and identification of Citrobacter freundii from soil, fertilizer and dog poop. The isolation part was done using MAC and EMB media using each sample and a control. Identification tests included biochemical tests that confirmed the fermentation ability of C. freundii. The biochemical tests also show that fertilizer had the best identification compared to the three samples collected. The biochemical tests were done and used in reference to the information available on the Bergy’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. Introduction The biosphere is characterized by the presence of microorganisms allover which invariably impacts on the environment they ar...
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Forensic test
Forensic test
3 pages (750 words)
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... B 11 C 21 C 31 A 41 D 2 D 12 B 22 E 32 D 42 D 3 C 13 C 23 B 33 B 43 B 4 D 14 A 24 C 34 C 44 D 5 D 15 E 25 A 35 A 45 A 6A 16 A 26 E 36 E 46 A 7 C 17 D 27 A 37 D 47 B 8 A 18 A 28 B 38 B 48 E 9 E 19 A 29 A 39 E 49 B 10 C 20 A 30 A 40 C 50 B Question one Characteristics of an ideal forensic test According to (Gunn, 2011) an ideal forensic test should be accurate because the results will be highly scrutinized in court therefore it cannot afford to be inaccurate. Accuracy also helps to avoid disputes. Another characteristic associated with an ideal forensic test is the sensitivity. Many forensic materials collected are usually small and minute and therefore a more sensitive test is reliable. A forensic...
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Assignment
Assignment
3 pages (750 words)
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... Here Here Here Here Homework Answers Chapter 2 The biopsychological model of psychological health emphasizes the importance of both biological and psychological processes in the development of mental health. 2. Characteristics commonly demonstrated by psychological healthy people include feeling good about who they are, making healthy decisions, and being comfortable around other people. 3. Self-esteem can be described as ones sense of respect for or impression of self. 4. Maslows hierarchy of needs is a theory that proposes basic levels of needs that need to be met before higher level growth oriented needs can be satisfied. 5. Depression is a mood disorder, meaning that it primarily effects ones emo...
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Sports Medicine
Sports Medicine
3 pages (750 words)
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... questions How would you explain the SMA (Sports Medicine Australia Screening Questionnaire) form to a client A. SMA is a modification of American College of Sports Medicine's guidelines for pre-exercise screening and testing. The purpose of the questionnaire is to assess the level of his fitness before he embarks on any physical activity program. It is designed to provide a level of guidance so that those who are beginning regular physical activity are directed in an appropriate way to increase their safety and help them enjoy the experience (SMA,2005). It would provide the right direction to the fitness program, thereby preventing risk of health complications and a lack of motivation and drop out...
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Relationship between Lung and Tooth Abscess
Relationship between Lung and Tooth Abscess
3 pages (750 words)
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... between Lung and Tooth Abscess Abstract An abscess can be defined as a swollen and infected area on an individual’s skin or body, full of a thick yellowish liquid called pus. A tooth abscess is one of the abscesses found in the human body and it is normally caused by periodontal disease (gum disease) and dental carries (cavities). A lung abscess is another kind of abscess found in the human body. It affects the respiratory tract and is normally caused by seizure disorders, drug abuse and poor oral hygiene. To prevent a tooth abscess one should remember to brush and floss every day and also keep away from cigarettes and alcohol consumption. If tooth decay is discovered early, cavities that could devel...
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Biology Various Essays
Biology Various Essays
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Biology Various essays Question Measles is an airborne disease that is highly contagious. Transmission can occur through contactwith infectious mucus or saliva. The measles virus can remain airborne or thrive on infected surfaces for a maximum of two hours. The incubation period is usually 7-18 days. Infected persons are infectious 4 days before the onset of the rash up to 4 days afterwards. Measles antibodies are virus-specific proteins produced as an immune response to infection by measles virus or vaccination. There are two types of antibodies: IgM and IgG. IgM is the first antibody to appear after exposure or vaccination. IgG antibodies appear after a longer period and then remain in the...
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The Evolution of the Eukaryotic Cell
The Evolution of the Eukaryotic Cell
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 1
... of the Eukaryotic Cell Introduction In the Proterozoic Era, 2.5 billion to 544 million years ago, the atmospheric level of oxygen increased to 15% due to oxygen producing cyanobacteria. The levels of oxygen in the atmosphere produced a fatal environment in which anaerobic organisms needed to evolve methods of coping with the presence of oxygen. These organisms evolved to be the organisms know today as eukaryotes. Direct filiation is the classical view of the evolution of eukaryotic organisms. This theory states that all organisms derived directly from a unique ancestral population by the accumulation of single step mutations, and that the same mutational mechanisms known to operate in the evolut...
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C-Difficile Research Paper
C-Difficile Research Paper
3 pages (750 words)
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... C- Difficile C-Difficile Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic bacterium that can cause gastrointestinal symptoms ranging from milddiarrhea to very intense and severe colon infections. Hall and O’Toole were the first scientists who described Bacillus difficilis in 1935 as an important part of the bacterial family, isolated from the feces and meconium of infants. According to the studies made by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimate of 336,000 cases had been diagnosed positively with C. difficile infection in the year 2009. The 2009 report has shown an increase in the C. difficile spread as compared to the 139,000 diagnosed cases in the year 2000. Moreover, outbreaks of C....
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Physical exercise and stress
Physical exercise and stress
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Physical Exercise and Stress Psychosocial factors which include mood and chronic mental stress have beenacknowledged as determinants of wellbeing and longevity. With physical exercises noted to improve on these factors, it becomes a critical approach in reducing stress and propagating subsequent recovery. Appreciating this functionality, this paper seeks to evaluate the action of physical exercises in curbing stress. Further, it articulates best practices for maximal gains from physical exercises with regards to stress management. Introduction Stress refers to an emotional response. According to Edenfield and Blumenthal (2011), it involves a complex interaction of emotional experiences, metal state...
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Trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Introduction: Genitourinary tract infections are among the most frequent disorders for which patients seek care from gynecologists. By understanding the pathophysiology of these diseases and having an effective approach to their diagnosis, physicians can institute appropriate antimicrobial therapy to treat these conditions and reduce long-term sequelae. It is not known what triggers the disturbance of normal vaginal flora. It has been postulated that repeated alkalinization of the vagina, which occurs with frequent sexual intercourse or use of douches, plays a role (World Health Organization, 2004). Trichomoniasis: Trichomoniasis is the second most common sexually transmitted infection. This sexually...
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Vaginitis particularly
Vaginitis particularly
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Trichomonas Vaginalis SCHOOL Vaginitis particularly the trichomonas vaginalis infection is deemed as one of the most common gynecologic conditions encountered by physicians. To help address this health problem, this paper intends to provide an overview relative to this vaginal infections. This paper discusses the causative agent, mode of transmission, pathogenesis and prevalence of this type of vaginitis. Moreover, it tackles the signs or symptoms as well as the treatment and prevention of this disease. Trichomonas Vaginalis Vaginitis caused by the trichomonas vaginalis organism is deemed as one of the most common gynecologic conditions encountered by physicians. The subsequent se...
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Ecosystems in South West Australia
Ecosystems in South West Australia
6 pages (1500 words)
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... in South West Australia al Affiliation Ecosystems in South West Australia Question One Projection about the prospect of climate change in South West Australian is a course of concern since the region has become 25% drier over the past few decades (Hughes, 2003). It is predicted that future changes in rainfall patterns and temperature over the next five decades will have significant impacts on the vegetation across the region. The climate change comes as a result of increase in greenhouse gas concentration that has already impacted negatively on the species and the ecosystem. The area is predicted to be drier and warmer as the 21st century progresses which will be characterized by drier seasons and...
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Discuss the physiological determinants of Endurance Performance
Discuss the physiological determinants of Endurance Performance
10 pages (2500 words)
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... the Physiological Determinants of Endurance Performance Introduction Endurance performance of an individual is the measure of the ability ofthe individual to sustain an activity that makes demands on the generation of power or velocity for an extended period of time. Performance endurance in an individual is typically measured over time periods that range from thirty minutes to four hours. Performance endurance in individuals varies and is dependent on the ability to maintain the high energy demands required for the sustained effort. There are individual physiological determinants that influence an individual’s endurance performance. An understanding of these determinants and the manner in which...
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Case Study
Case Study
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Study Report of a Basketball Player Table of Contents Introduction 3 Explanation of Interdisciplinary Sport Science Support and Performance Enhancement 3 Rationale for the Case Study 4 Aims of the Case Study 4 Review of Scientific Literature Underpinning the Case Studies Sport 5 Current and Relevant Physiological Research 5 Current and Relevant Biomechanical Research 6 Current and Relevant Psychological Research 7 Method 8 Subject Information 8 Equipment 9 Protocol 9 Treatment of Data 10 Ethical Considerations 11 References 12 Bibliography 15 Introduction Explanation of Interdisciplinary Sport Science Support and Performance Enhancement Basketball is recognized as one of the most popular court games....
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Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis
Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Ulcerative Gingivitis Introduction: Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis or acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis occurs most frequently in young adults of 16 to 30 years of age. The precise causative agents of this disease are unknown, but fusiform bacillus, Borrelia vincenti, and other anaerobic microorganisms have often been implicated in this disease. The common predisposing factors that have been recognized are host factors, such as, emotional stress, tobacco use, poor oral hygiene, and local trauma. Recently, this is also encountered in patients infected with HIV. As the name suggests, clinically, this disease is characterized by ulceration and necrosis of the interdental papillae and the free...
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Kinesiology
Kinesiology
2 pages (500 words) , Download 2
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... Chad. Golf is a game that requires both strength and flexibility. Strength is required to increase the power of the drive while flexibility determines the speed of the swing. Although golf is not an athletic sport in the sense that there is no running involved in the game, yet the heart of a golfer needs conditioning which is provided by aerobic exercises. Chad has already been doing aerobic exercises for 8 years. A good golf swing puts enormous stress on the shoulders while the twisting of the body required to execute the swing can cause back injury. Therefore, golfers are prone to suffer problems connected with the back, shoulders, elbows, wrists, and hips. Chad can be minimize this by stretching...
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Clostridium Botulinum
Clostridium Botulinum
3 pages (750 words)
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... Clostridium Botulinum The micro-organism Clostridium botulinum is known to be a gram positive bacterium shaped like a rod. It is commonly found in the soil hence making its distribution in the world enormous. These rod shaped bacterium is an anaerobic organism that grows best in environments with absent or low oxygen (United States Department of Agriculture). Commonly, because of their anaerobic nature, they often thrive in canned foods since they provide conditions that favor their growth. In addition, Clostridium botulinum usually forms spores that help them survive conditions that do not favor their growth. Furthermore, these spores may at times get into the human gastrointestinal system and can...
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Microbial fuel cells and how cay they produce electricity
Microbial fuel cells and how cay they produce electricity
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Fuel Cells" Electri has become the most vital component of human survival. To meet the mounting demands for electri new possibilities are constantly being excavated. Micro-organisms are exploited to meet these rising demands. Intensive studies have been carried out in recent years to utilize micro-organisms as a resource for energy generation. The present experiment was conducted to understand the capability of micro-organism Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 to produce electricity, as it is reported to possess electron accepting capacities allocating them to combine organic decomposition with reduction of terminal electron acceptors in their atmosphere. Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) signify an innovative...
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Contribution
Contribution
9 pages (2250 words)
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... Kau Hang Hui WRTG 3012 Heather 1st December, Food waste recycles in United s Introduction Wastefood is a global problem that has not fully been mitigated over long period of time. Averagely a third of the world produced food goes into waste. Method such as recycling can be used to deal with such situation so that waste is made useful to the society. In low income countries (underdeveloped countries) most food go into waste at the production level while in developed countries most waste come after such stages like processing and production. Going by the research carried out in Arizona in 2004, 14-15% of edible food goes into waste. Unfortunately people go to an extent of purchasing food they really...
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The importanc of the NAD+/NADH ratio in determining the production of pyruvate vs. lactate. What do you think is the importance of the NAD+/NADP+ ratio Think
The importanc of the NAD+/NADH ratio in determining the production of pyruvate vs. lactate. What do you think is the importance of the NAD+/NADP+ ratio Think
1 pages (250 words)
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... What do you think is the importance of the [NAD NADH] ratio? During a normal Cori cycle, internal muscle tissues generate excess lactate of about 20 mmols per kg per day from glucose as liver and kidney undergo metabolic activities in each event of anaerobic glycolysis though such lactic acid cycle is not representative of any net fixed production of acid requiring bodily excretion. Excess lactate is produced only by tissues with active glycolysis in a lactate dehydrogenase-catalyzed reaction which yields lactate from pyruvate. By stoichiometry, Pyruvate + NADH + H+ --- Lactate + NAD+ The kinetic reaction proceeds with such rapidity that equilibrium is maintained between the react...
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Effects of High Intensity Exercise on the Body
Effects of High Intensity Exercise on the Body
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Effects of High Intensity Exercise on the Body High intensity interval training (HIIT) refers to a form of short but intensive anaerobic exercise of alternating periods that is accompanied by intense recovery periods (Cross Fit Journal, 2003). HIIT is a type of cardiovascular exercise (Cross Fit Journal, 2003). Sessions involving HIIT may take 9-20 minutes. HIIT comprises of short, intense work outs that aim at boosting the athlete’s capacity and condition. On top of that, HIIT enhances fat burning and glucose metabolism (Cross Fit Journal, 2003). This paper gives an overview of studies conducted on HIIT. In addition, the paper will also examine the pros and cons of cross Fit training. Bayati,...
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Staphylococcus and streptococcus
Staphylococcus and streptococcus
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
... Lab Identification of unknown Bacteria Introduction The main objective of the experiment was to Identify the Unknown Isolated bacteria in the sample using morphological and biochemical test: The following tests were done: For Morphology, Culturing and Gram staining was done. Culturing was both on agar and broth media incubated at 37 o c and 25 o c. The biochemical tests were: Glucose fermentation, sucrose fermentation, Lactose fermentation, Maltose fermentation, Starch hydrolysis, Citrate utilization, Catalase test, Tryptophan digestion (Indole).The most probable bacteria were Bacillus spp which includes C.Tetani, C. Botulinum, C.Perfringen among others and Staphylococcus spp and streptococcus spp....
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Medical Biochemistry
Medical Biochemistry
10 pages (2500 words)
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... of LDH isoenzymes affiliation" Cellular signaling is a fascinating process,where protein receptors, transducers, accelerators, inhibitors, and many other substances interact to produce a cellular response. Enzymes play a critical role in cellular functioning, and a single enzyme deficiency may cause our cells to fail. With a tremendous advance in medical and laboratory analysis during the past years, researchers have been able to find information from the measurement of enzymes. In most cases, a clinical diagnosis, based on signs and symptoms, is complemented by laboratory tests, which bring answers to clinical questions and decisions. Substances levels can give a lot of information to healthcare...
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Sustainability Video Assignment
Sustainability Video Assignment
1 pages (250 words)
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... Sustainability Adnams brewery, established in 1872, manufactures beer and spirits and distributes them tocustomers. Andy Wood, the executive manager at Adnams, note that financial managers encounter a lot of challenges in the implementation of the sustainability business project. However, at Adnams brewery, they have put efficient measures to ensure the project succeeds. Before investing in these sustainable business assets, Adnams managers considered factors such as the price of fossil fuels and the cost of realizing wastes into land fields and drainage systems. Adnams’ distribution center is 50% more cost-effective and energy efficient. Its roof top has an acre and a half of grass grown on it, and ...
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SUMMARY
SUMMARY
1 pages (250 words)
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... Article Summary The article d Massachusetts Food Waste Ban Gains Broad Acceptance was published on the website of NPR during the period of 2014 (NPR.org 1). The article focuses on the recent ban that has been implemented by the states of Massachusetts. The ban is targeted towards food waste and the dumping of this food waste in landfills. According to the new law, different stakeholders including businesses as well as households are restricted from dumping their food waste in landfill. The amount of food waste they are allowed to dump is only one ton of waste. The author then focuses on the support of the legislation and the author figured out that the legislation had not met with any form of...
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Genetics
Genetics
1 pages (250 words)
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... of Eukaryotes Eukaryotic cells are believed to have evolved from certain organelles, mitochondria and chloroplasts,in the prokaryotic cells that were residing in the cytoplasm of a bigger host cell. This hypothesis by Lynn Margulis is known to as endosymbiont theory since is expounds on how a single “composite” cell of higher complexity “evolved from more separate simpler cells living in a symbiotic relationship with one another” (Karp, 2009, p.25). The evolution of eukaryotic cells begins in step 1; a large anaerobic which is heterotrophic prokaryote taking in a small aerobic prokaryote. In step 2, the aerobic endosymbiont evolves into a mitochondrion. This step is followed by step 3 in which a...
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On-site water
On-site water
10 pages (2500 words)
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... – Site Water A Technical Report Table of Contents Introduction…………………………………………………………….. 3 2. Background……………………………………………………………… 3-4 3. Research & Discussions…………………………………………………. 4-13 3.1 Water Resources and Consumption Patterns in India…………………4-6 3.2 Status of Water availability in the Municipality Areas in India……… 6-8 3.3 Technology of Wastewater Treatment…………………………………8-10 3.3.1 Diagram 1………………………………………………………..9 3.4 Innovations in Water Supply and Technology………………………….10-12 3.4.1 Diagram 2…………………………………………………….10 3.4.2 Diagram 3……………………………………………………..11 3....
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Equine Exercise Physiology, Fitness and Training
Equine Exercise Physiology, Fitness and Training
13 pages (3250 words)
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... EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY, FITNESS AND TRAINING due: Question One Consider A Racehorse OverSix Furlongs. a) Its’ cardiovascular and respiratory response to work Horses breathe through the nostrils that are modified to have clear upper airway with reduced air resistance. Activities in the larynx are slowed down by partial inactivity of the muscles and thus reducing airflow, which in turn cause respiratory – locomotory coupling. This means that both the breathing and striding of the horse are synchronized. Therefore, the oxygen intake directly correlates with the length and frequency of the stride. At rest, the heartbeat of a horse is 30-40 beats per minute. These increases when the horse is at full speed t...
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DESIGN OF AN APPROPRIATE WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR A REMOTEJRURAL COMMUNITY
DESIGN OF AN APPROPRIATE WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR A REMOTEJRURAL COMMUNITY
10 pages (2500 words)
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... Management Introduction According to Kadlec (2009), scar of water and contamination of ground and surface water are one of the most profound environmental problems in the modern world. Current water resources’ management practices are inadequate to meet the demands of the rapidly increasing population and the resulting surge in water consumption. In the rural areas, inefficient and insufficient planning has also led to serious contamination of local watersheds. From an overall perspective, Henze (2005) is of the opinion that wastewater management at all levels in rural areas is inadequate. Sewage systems that are poorly maintained or virtually non-existent, untreated animal wastes, landfills that are...
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