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Acceleration - Mass over a pulley

4 pages (1000 words)

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... Investigating Newton’s second law of motion This experiment investigated and proved Newton’s second law motion. The results indicated that: acceleration (a) of a moving body is directly proportional to the applied force (F) and inversely proportional to the total mass. This acceleration is parallel and is in the direction of the net applied force. The results of this lab experiment conformed to Newton’s second Laws of Motion which can expressed mathematically as F=ma.
Goals
The aim of this experiment is to test Newton’s Second Law of motion (F=ma) by investigating the relationship between: acceleration and applied force, and acceleration and mass of the moving body.
Introduction
Newton stated three e...

MOTION: GRAVITATIONAL ACCELERATION

1 pages (250 words)

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... Gravitational acceleration Motion: gravitational acceleration The principal aim of this experiment was to determine the acceleration due to the earths gravity. A motion detector was used in the lab to study the motion of the track moving along an inclined plane plotting the velocity-time and acceleration-time graphs of the track motion. G was experimentally determined as which was lower than the theoretical.
Introduction
It is well known that every object on the earth’s surface experiences a downward force due to the earth’s gravitational field. Due to this force of gravity, all objects above the earth’s surface will fall towards the earth’s center with a constant acceleration. In this experiment, e...

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Acceleration of a cart

3 pages (750 words)

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... This experiment aims to study the motion of a cart on an inclined plane. A motion sensor will be used to measure the motion of a cart that will be pushed up an inclined plane. Data studio will be used to record the motion and calculate the velocity and the acceleration of the cart as it moves up and down the inclined plane. These calculations will then be compared to the data from an acceleration sensor mounted on the sensor.
Background
Newton’s law relates the motion of an object to the net force exerted on it. It is given by F=ma. This equation is a vector equation which implies that the forces can be separated into X and Y components. If one considers a cart on an inclined track, the motion will b...

Estimation of gravitational acceleration due to pendulim

4 pages (1000 words)

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... OF THE VALUE OF GRAVITY USING SIMPLE PENDULUM EXPERIMENT affiliation The mathematical estimation of the value of gravity can be done using a simple pendulum experiment as shown in this lab report. Such an experiment is successfully conducted using a bob, timer, thread, and split cork. With all this apparatus in place, the pendulum is set to oscillate as its period of oscillation is recorded at different lengths of the thread. From the data obtained, uncertainty estimates are computed and used to draw a graph. The slope of this graph is then used to estimate the value of the gravitational force. This estimated value of gravity is compared with the accepted value, and the difference is determined to...

Geometric model for motion of curves specified by acceleration

16 pages (4000 words)

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... Geometric Model for Motion of Curves Specified by Acceleration s of investigators affiliation Table of Contents 3 Introduction 4 Literature Survey 5 Objectives 9 Design 10 Research Plan 11 Anticipated Outcomes 12 References 14 Budget 16 abstract The analysis proposed for the Geometric Model for Motion of Curves Specified by Acceleration will seek to answer the research question: How is the motion of manifolds specified by acceleration described? Through a qualitative analysis, the examination will attempt to fulfill primary and secondary objectives through an in-depth review of pertinent literature as well as an examination of mathematical models that will assist in constructing and deconstructing...

Determining acceleration due to gravity using a simple pendelum

3 pages (750 words)

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... Determining acceleration due to gravity using a simple pendulum Introduction “Acceleration due to gravity” refers to a pull or force exerted on bodies resting on earth’s surface whose direction is towards its center, hence implying it is a negative vector quantity (Achuthan 63). However, this force exhibits significant variations based on any given body’s location on earth’s surface besides influenced by both altitude and latitude (Hu?ttl 19). Premise asserting effects due to altitude states g changes inversely relative to the distance from the world’s center; hence, its values are 9.78m/s2 at equator and 9.83m/s2 at poles (Hu?ttl 19). This is due to earth’s radii changes caused by both altitude and ...

Estimation of the value of gravitational acceleration g based on measurements from a simple pendulum

4 pages (1000 words)

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... of the value of gravitational acceleration g based on measurements from the pendulum ID: Word count: 995 Gravitational force refers to the force that attracts objects towards the center of the Earth. In this report, relationship between two broad parameters of a simple harmonic oscillator (pendulum) was investigated. Using a stopwatch the average time for 10 oscillations was determined from which the periodic time was established for a particular length of the pendulum. The process was repeated to generate adequate data that was used to calculate gravitational acceleration and compared with the documented value (9.8m/s2). The value of gravitational acceleration was evaluated to be g= (g= 8.646...

Estimation of the value of gravitational acceleration (g) Based on measurements from a simple pendulum

4 pages (1000 words)

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... Math: Using a Simple Pendulum to Arrive at an Estimated Value for Gravitational Acceleration g Table of Contents I. 4 II. Introduction 4
III. Method 5
IV. Results, Analysis 6
V. Discussion 8
VI. Conclusion 9
References 11
I. Abstract
The experiment calls for the determination of the value of gravitational acceleration from a good understanding of how a simple pendulum’s parameters relate to one another. The setup involves using a weight suspended on a piece of string, in this case a golf ball. Ten oscillations were measured by the use of a smart phone timer, and varying lengths of the pendulum were determined with the use of the ruler. For varying lengths of the string, the times for ten oscillations...

Estimation of the value of gravitational acceleration g based on measurements from a simple pendulum

4 pages (1000 words)

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... Simple Pendulum Experiment ID Number Word count: 883 The aim of this experiment is to determine an empirical value for the acceleration due to gravity. It entailed releasing a pendulum at a constant angle, θ, and recording the period, it takes to make 10 complete oscillations. The length was varied to determine the relationship between the length of the string and the time taken for one oscillation. The results obtained were analysed in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. The students used simple linear regression to come up with a linear model for the data. The gradient was then used to compute the value of the acceleration due to gravity, g.
2. Introduction
The experiment entails releasing a mass that i...

Determine the behaviour of dynamic mechanical systems in which uniform acceleration is present,Determine the effects of energy transfer in mechanical systems,Determine the behaviour of oscillating mechanical systems

3 pages (750 words)

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... Mechanical Systems Most of the tasks will have difficulties on being accomplished especially if it requires the involvement of forces and movement. This is where mechanical systems come in handy as a means of expedient work to be done efficiently and easily. This paper will be looking at some of the determiners that affect the normal functioning of mechanical systems and how each aspect affect the efficiency of mechanical systems.
Behavior of dynamic mechanical systems with a uniform acceleration
The solid rationale on the dynamics of mechanical systems is to get a statistical model that well describes the connection between the resultant force applied, also known as the cause, a...

Five factors of acceleration of globalisation

9 pages (2250 words)

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... Globalisation Introduction Globalisation is a concept that has rapidly taken off over the of the past twenty years or so. The purpose of this paper is to, with special reference to production and market globalisation; carefully discuss five factors that have accelerated this process in the past two decades. Throughout the process, examples will be provided for ease of understanding.
Factors that Drive Globalisation
Some sources say that there are four, while others say that there are five major factors that drive globalisation. In order to include the most possible information on this topic, the five proposed market drivers for globalisation will be covered in addition to the one with four (Yip's ...

Role of the US Government in the Acceleration of the Advancement of Computers

7 pages (1750 words)

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... [Supervisor Role of the US Govt: in the Advancement of Computers This paper will critically analysis the Role of the US Government in the Acceleration of the Advancement of Computrs while understanding the modern computing and evolution of computrs over the period of time. Only one time in a life will a novel invention come about to stroke every aspect of our life. Such a tool that altr the way we go things, live, and play is an extraordinary one, indeed. A mechanism that has made all this and more now exists in nearly every U.S government agency, industry in the U.S. and 1 out of every 2 households. This unbelievable invention is the "computr". The electronic computr has been approximately for over ...

Writing a physics report

3 pages (750 words)

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... 2212 Lab 7 CENTRIPETAL FORCE (Partner’s experiment: Purpose of the experiment: To check Newton’s second law for circular motion when only force is centripetal force provided by a spring
Theory
According to Newton’s second law of motion the acceleration of an object is inversely proportional to the mass of the object and directly proportional to the magnitude of the net force, in the same direction as the net force. Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The relationship between force, mass and acceleration is represented as follows.
F= ma
Where: F is the force applied on the object (N)
m is the mass of the object (Kg)
a is the acceleration (m/s2)
Newton’s second...

Uniformly Accelerated Motion

4 pages (1000 words)

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... Uniformly Accelerated Motion Acceleration is used in measuring the velo s rate of change. The average acceleration is calculated using the formulae
vi is termed as the initial velocity, vf in termed as the final velocity while t is the interval of time where the change occurs. The acceleration units are the velocity over the time taken. Some of the fundamental illustrations are m/s2 and km/h. Acceleration is termed as a vector quantity. This is because it has a direction of final velocity minus the initial velocity. It is therefore, nonetheless to talk of the acceleration magnitude as acceleration only if there is no ambiguity/ When people are concerned with the acceleration tangent to the path trav...

Linear Motion In One Dimension

2 pages (500 words)

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... PHY 231 Linear Motion in One Dimension Purpose The purpose of this experiment is to verify the equations describing linear motion in one dimension.
Abstract
The motion of gliders on the air tracks was studied. Using air tracks made it possible to assume the absence of friction during motion. Motion sensors were used in monitoring the position of the glider with respect to time and the results recorded by use of the portable data loggers. After collection, the data was loaded to computers for purposes of analysis using DataStudio software.
Background
Every object fall with a similar gravitational acceleration assuming there is no air resistance. An object thrown downward or upward and one released f...

Lap Report

1 pages (250 words)

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... Physics Lab Report Task: To determine whether a ball rolls down a decline at a constant acceleration Introduction
In this experiment, members used balls on inclined rumps and tried to see whether there was any dependence on the acceleration and thereafter calculate the experimental acceleration comparing it with the theoretical acceleration.
Given that theoretical slope = ½ ax and the theoretical acceleration was ax = 1.12 m/s2. Thus, the experimental acceleration at a distance of 3 meters = (1/2)a (2.24)2 where a=1.20 m/s2 (That is Xf= (1/2) ax t2)
Solving for the final velocity: this was given by Xf= 0 + ½(0 + Vfx) t , Vfx = 2 Xf /t
Thus the final velocity = 2(3m)/2.245 = 2.68: The experimental eq...

Free Fall Lab Report

3 pages (750 words)

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... fall lab report Introduction Any freely suspended object falls towards the earth’s surface, an observation that explains gravitational force. Anattracted object moves with an accelerating force that may be different for every type of material. Under an ideal set up, however, without any resistant force, any dropped object from a height should take the same time to freely fall through a given distance. Different ability of different objects to counter the resistance therefore account for the difference in time that different objects take to freely fall through a given height.
Serway and Jewett explain that freely falling objects obey established laws and equations of kinetic motion. Under the princip...

Friction

4 pages (1000 words)

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... Friction Newton’s second law was put up to investigate the relationship between massforce and acceleration. Finding coefficient of static friction, µs and the coefficient of kinetic friction, µk. requires set formulae to determine the acceleration of a body in relation to the force and mass of an object. It is widely believed that the natural state of an object is when it is at rest. Forces are responsible for the movement of a body. To test Newton’s law, various experiments can be conducted on the acceleration and proportionality of an object. A proof of an increase or decrease in mass of the Newton’s experiment is determined by the force and acceleration achieved from the experiment. Goals: The...

Matlab Assignment

3 pages (750 words)

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... From the lessons learnt about acceleration, position and velo of a moving body, the equation relating the three is shown below: Velocity = change in distance / time spend
Acceleration = change in speed v / change in time t
This project uses matlab program to load the available data for acceleration, use the acceleration to generate the corresponding values of velocity and then plot the relevant graphs for the acceleration and velocity of a moving body. Acceleration is represented as a (t). Using the equation for acceleration, we do an integration of the equations to produce the positions and the velocity being a function of the time.
Numerical Integration
The core subject of this project is the prod...

Newtons Second Law of Motion

4 pages (1000 words)

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... Lab partners: Group No: experiment: Section SLN: TA’S Value: Introduction In the study of the motion of bodies, it is known that when an object is allowed to fall freely under the influence of gravity, it usually accelerates downwards at 9.8m/s2. This is usually referred to as the standard gravitational acceleration on the surface of the earth. This phenomenon can be explained from Newton’s second law of motion which states that the acceleration of a body as produced by a net force is directly proportional to the magnitude of the net force, and it occurs in the same direction as the net force and inversely proportional to the mass of the object.
Net Force (F) = ma where F is the net force and a is t...

MOTION IN TWO OR THREE DIMENSIONS

3 pages (750 words)

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... in two or three dimensions al Affiliation) Motions in three and two dimensions
Kinematic problems mainly involve the use of two and three dimensions. The understandings of the motions in the dimensions are devoted to understanding velocity, position, and acceleration. The dimensions use examples involving motions, which have mainly constant acceleration (Chatterjee, 2009). Two and three dimensions mainly focus on projectile motions. The dimensions involve those quantities that are vector.
Velocity and positional vectors
Velocity vector is derived from classical physics in a way that it represents the position and the motion of a given particle using vectors. The equation that a...

Application of the equations of motion

5 pages (1250 words)

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... of Newton’s Laws of Motion – Measurement of the acceleration due to gravity g using gym weights Introduction and Principle Newton’s equations of motion form the basis of all engineering and constitute the quantitative framework of Newton’s laws of motion. If a body with initial velocity u undergoes uniform acceleration a and covers a distance s in the time t,
Where v is the final velocity.
When applied to rotating bodies, these equations undergo a change of terms. The terms corresponding to distance, velocity, acceleration and force, change respectively to angle, angular velocity, angular acceleration and torque. Mass is similarly replaced by the complementary moment of inertia.
In this experiment,...

Chapter 5 PhD

25 pages (6250 words)

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... of Contents 5. Analysis of the Mathematical Model 3 5 Sensitivity Analysis 4 5 1. Noise 5 5 2. Simulation Results 6 5 3. New European Drive Cycle, 1st sub-cycle 7
5.1.4. New European Drive Cycle, 5th sub-cycle 9
5.1.5. Prediction of Fuel Consumption in Artificial Driving Phases 12
5.1.6. Constant Speed 15
5.1.7. Acceleration 17
5.1.8. Deceleration with throttle 19
5.1.9. Gear Change 20
5.2. Conclusion 21
5.3. Recommendations 22
5.4. Bibliography 23
List of Figures
Figure 5.1 - Measured and computed fuel consumptions during first sub-cycle of NEDC, (a) without noise, (b) with noise in input for computation 9
Figure 5.2 - Measured and computed fuel consumptions during fifth sub-cycle of NEDC, (a) witho...

Lab report

3 pages (750 words)

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... Number: Lecturer: Circular motion a Direction of centripetal force Uniform circular motion refers to a motion of an object at aconstant speed. The speed of an object in a circular motion may be constant, but the direction is changing in a constant manner. At all moments, the object is navigating tangent to the path of motion. In this case, the direction of the velocity vector is equivalent to the direction of the objects motion. Thus, the velocity is in the direction tangent to the circle (James Shipman).
b
An object moving in a circular manner experiences centripetal force. Centripetal force is defined as the physical force that pushes or pulls the object towards the middle of the circular path. Cen...

Lab Report

2 pages (500 words)

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... Lab report Question and 2 on page Question 2 Assuming friction is negligible But according to Newtons second law
Question 3 Pg. 3
a)
For an elevator accelerating upwards
F= m(g+a)
at 1 sec, the acceleration is given as = = 4 m/s2
Therefore,
F= m( g+a)
=60Kg*(9.8 + 4)m/s2 = 828 N
b) F= m( g+a)
but at 4s, a=0 therefore
F=mg
= 60 *9.8
= 588N
Therefore, 60Kg*10 m/s2 = M * 4 m/s2
M= 150 Kg
c) F= m( g+a)
at 8 sec, the acceleration is given as = = -2 m/s2
F= m( g+a)
= 60Kg(9.8-2) m/s2
= 468N
Question 8 in page 6
The graph of acceleration against time has thre same shape as the graph of Force against time. This is because mass is constant and therefore the two graphs d...

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