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The Coming Anarchy By Robert D. Kaplan - Article Example

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In his article “The Coming Anarchy”, Robert D. Kaplan using examples from West African nations has put forward a thesis according to which environmental changes (Induced by human activities) will result in scarcity of natural resources like potable water and arable land by 2050…
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The Coming Anarchy By Robert D. Kaplan
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Download file to see previous pages Kaplan cites loss of power of central governments, political borders becoming obsolete and transfer of power to security firms and private armies as the reason for the rise of global anarchy (Kaplan, 1994).
Kaplan’s thesis of the coming anarchy has great support not only from other scholars and experts in the field but also from the general public and political community. The support for the thesis mainly rises by the fact that it has been very accurate in predicting the current events in Africa. Also, it has been praised for its broad range of reasoning and thought-provoking style. The thesis is not free of criticism. It has attracted a lot of criticism for its unscholarly presentation and unprofessional approach. It is argued that there are many flaws in the argument along with a poor interpretation of the findings and methodological errors. This paper is an argumentative essay that refutes the claim that resource scarcity will lead to anarchy.
The supporters of the thesis believe in it for the logical explanation that is used to prove it. The environmental scarcity of resources which is due to increased demand as a result of overpopulation, degradation of resources, unequal distribution, etc will result in civil violence. Ecological marginalization and resource capture will be the causes behind civil violence and this, in turn, will lead to social effects such as migration, legitimate institutes become disrupted and agricultural production is constrained (Barbier & Homer-Dixon, 1996). The supporters agree with the end result of these will be the one predicted in “The Coming Anarchy”.
Further explanation is that convinces many of its supporters is that as the scarcity of natural resources increases, it provokes competitive behavior from powerful groups and social coalitions with the intention to defend their interest by profiting from scarcity. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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