Nobody downloaded yet

Clean Water in the Environmental Policy Context - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Clean Water in the Environmental Policy Context Official Name of Course POL 310 Larry Buenafe Arthur Piervincenti 16 Jan 2012 Introduction Surface water in the United States is prone to pollution from various sources of untreated sewerage. This therefore means that care must be taken to ensure that these water bodies are protected from circumstances that can give rise to contamination…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.3% of users find it useful
Clean Water in the Environmental Policy Context
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Clean Water in the Environmental Policy Context"

Download file to see previous pages Secondly, the maintenance of a pollution-free waterbody requires several technological and monitoring arrangements which can come at a high cost. Thirdly, water is an essential and abundant resource. People believe that they have the right to clean water. This therefore means that authorities need to ensure that waterbodies are clean and free of pollution. Additionally, the flora and fauna related to the ecosystems of rivers and other waterbodies have the right to be preserved. These three factors imply that federal and state governments have a primary obligation to ensure that water is free from pollution. The inherent nature of clean water issues means that government can only handle the issue of providing safe water through policy. This paper examines the challenges facing policymakers in providing clean water to the public. To this end, the focus will be on the Clean Water Act, 1977 which provides the basic policy framework to tackle this issue through pollution control programs and limitation of discharge into waterbodies (Summary of Clean Water Act, 2011). The research examines perspectives into the challenges facing this Act and comes up with recommendations on how to deal with these challenges. The paper undertakes a critical view of the recommendations and examines how it can be applied in reality. Clean Water Act 1977 The Clean Water Act was enacted “... to restore and maintain the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the nation's waters” (Section 101 a). This means that it provides a framework to ensure that practical steps are taken to prevent the pollution of our waterbodies. The Act empowers the US Environmental Protection Agency, US Army Corps of Engineers and the States to take reasonable steps to prevent the pollution of surface water in the country (National Research Council, 2008 p65). These parties work together with the other law enforcement agencies to ensure that all limits the law is followed appropriately in local jurisdictions. The Act was ammended in 1981, 1987 and 1990 (National Research Council, 2008 p265). The Act has six different Titles. Title I is about research and related programs. It sets out the goals of the act and the preamble it follows. Title II is about Grants for the Construction of Treatment Works. It shows how the various municipalities will be assisted to expand sewerage treatment plants. Title III is about Standards & Enforcement. It borders on discharge points, technology quality standards, water quality programs as well as criminal and civil provision for the enforcement of the law. Title IV outlines the federal and state certification and the issuance of permits and licenses needed for various potential polluters. Title V is about the facts that citizens can sue polluters and the procedures they can follow for that. It also describes the protections offered to whistleblowers. Title VI is about funding for State and local water pollution control systems. Policy Challenges of the Clean Water Act There are three main significant challenges that can be identified in relation to the Clean Water Act. First of all, there is a major problem in relation to the uniformity of the application of the Act. Secondly, there is limited funding for treatment services as well as monitoring services to ensure that the Act is fully controlled and kept in motion. Thirdly, due to the apathy in the society and the existence of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Clean Water in the Environmental Policy Context Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1441254-clean-water
(Clean Water in the Environmental Policy Context Essay)
https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1441254-clean-water.
“Clean Water in the Environmental Policy Context Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1441254-clean-water.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Clean Water in the Environmental Policy Context

Keep Our Water Clean

...? Keep Our Water Clean 16 10 Keep Our Water Clean: Introduction: We are “children of a culture born in a water-richenvironment” and take this most valuable asset for granted. Since it has always been available to us we have never learnt to value or “respect it” (William Ashworth, 1982). Water is the most vital among all natural resources and key factor for survival for every living being. Water constitutes around 70% of total earth’s surface. This fact, in itself, elaborates its importance, not only for humans, but every living creature ever born. Not only the life on our planet is mainly reliant on water’s availability but most of other commodities are also co-related with it. Our daily life’s every chore is dependent on water... , such as...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Clean water drinking water

...be nothing. There are innumerable uses of water. Cleaning, drinking, washing cooking farming is just to name a few. Water has been reshaping man’s life and his land even before man ever knew. The land that we sit on today may well have been underwater sometime as it is proposed that all of Earth was a continuation of water and land emerged from underneath it as a resultant of movements of Earth’s Crust. Besides being available to us in the liquid form of water it also maintains the entire ecosystem of the planet by being an integral part of the weather system. Humidity in the air and large bodies of water in the form of lakes and rivers...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Clean Water Act by EPA

...? Clean Water Act (CWA) by EPA Your al Affiliation This paper explores Clean Water Act initiated by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 1948, modified and expended in 1972 and 1977. The 1972 legislation specified programs for water quality improvement. Since its enactment, the law is continuously expanded and implemented by industries and municipalities. Primarily, water pollution was considered a state and local problem. However, there were no federally required objectives, goals, limitations, or even guidelines. In United States, nearly all manufacturing companies discharge their wastewater or storm...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY

...? INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY Montreal Protocol, discuss the following: a. Issue(s) being addressed by the protocol. Montreal protocol is an international agreement on the issue of the increasing rate of climatic change arising from the ozone layer depletion. The central agenda in this protocol was to sign a binding contract on how some member states who are developed can reduce emission of Ozone depletion substances (ODS) by cutting down of production of organic materials like chlorofluorocarbons (United Nations Environment Programme,2006). This is a significant environmental issue that has raised debate across the country and the increasing use of technology by the developed...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Environmental Policy

...Guide's Principals And Practices Of Democratization In Environmental Policy-Making Particular Reference To The UK World is changing, and how, so during this time when the scientists are busy coming out with more statistical "deadlines" of natural resources remaining on earth and people are busy getting one on one with the "global warming" glossary of terms, fewer have started the leap toward new ways of living that are less daunting on our planet. People are reminded of a serious "shift of origin" like condition of the planet when researchers declare that the rising temperatures due to global warming will harm the wine industry in the regions of California or the decreasing ICE...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Environmental Policy

...green democracy? is it possible? Green political parties have gained adherents by addressing and making relevant issues regarding mass pollution, environmental damage and global warming. Democracy is a system of government in which power resides with the people and is predicated on the belief that government itself is responsive to the wishes of the people. Democracy is also a process and is based on the notion that the electoral process determines who shall rule. Accordingly, there are also a variety of types of democracy. Whether a state is social democratic, liberal democratic or authoritarian with the semblance of democracy through rubber stamp elections (re: Saddam Hussein’s elections in which he would win 99.9%...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Clean Water Act

...activities which may pollute water. Smith (2009) has pointed out that the difficulties in employing the mechanisms provided by CWA are the major cause of failures of CWA (Smith, 2009, p.134). In the absence of aggressive monitoring, polluters will influence the officials through bribes and will escape from punishments. To conclude, Clean Water Act is good in principle; but it failed to meet its objectives because of budget shortage for the functioning of EPA and other environmental agencies, ineffective monitoring methods, ineffective penalties, etc. These problems should be corrected and environmental agencies should be given more power to make the CWA...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Public Policy- Environmental Policy

...Public Policy: Politics, Analysis, and Alternatives. The main purpose of this policy was to generate a framework that will encourage productive and harmonious coexistence between man and the environment that he exploits. The policy was to further promote programs that will prevent environmental and biosphere damage and promote health and man’s welfare .In addition, was to enable us understand the value of ecological systems as well as natural resources that are of great importance to the Nation and the world at large. The policy recognizes the interrelationship among the components of environment, and more so, the influences of population growth,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Social policy context

...Social policy context Social policy context Introduction Social work is one professional and academic discipline that aims at improving the quality of life of individuals in the society and ensures the wellbeing of individuals, families and various groups in the society (Hepworth 2010). They accomplish these through conducting research, crisis intervention, policy, organizing the community, and teaching to benefit the socially disadvantaged including poverty, illnesses, disabilities and various social injustices. It is aimed at advocating for the social justice of the well-being of the oppressed and all the marginalized individuals and communities in the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Environmental Problem - Water Shortages

...to ensure effective water use and conservation. Proper water use policies should be put in place to guide the use of water. In addition, there should be public awareness on the importance of water conservation especially in developing countries in order to ensure conservation of this valuable commodity (David, 2004). References Chaturvedi, M.C., 2000. Water for food and rural development: developing countries. Water International. 25: 40-53. David, et al., 2004. Water Resources: Agricultural and Environmental Issues, Bioscience, 54(10): 909-917 Doll, P., 2002. Impact of climate...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Clean Water in the Environmental Policy Context for FREE!

Contact Us