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So China’s arid climate through its consequences of overflows and droughts constitutes a menace to the full-fledged life support of the Chinese and their future generations. In this regard one of the primary concerns is the functioning of the appropriate technologies aiming at recovery of the degraded soils.
In the point of the discussed theme there are two key terms, namely: degradation and desertification. Degradation is the steady deterioration of soil characteristics as a habitat of biota, and reduction of its fertility as a result of the influence of natural or anthropogenic factors. Desertification is a process of irreversible changes in soil and vegetation, and reduction of biological productivity, which in extreme cases can lead to the complete destruction of the biospheric potential and turning of the territory into desert.
The primary concern of desertification in China is a food crisis, as the issue is the main cause of aggrieving the country’s stores of wheat and rice, which form the basis of China’s agriculture. “According to a general survey of the country, the total area of … regions vulnerable to desertification has reached … 34.6 percent of the entire territory” (Longjun). In the context of the most grounds intended for sowing of the seeds, the percentage of the lands under desertification is critical. Moreover, it rises with the demographic problem of China or the top-priority challenge for survival of the Chinese. Overpopulation of the country is a well-known issue, and desertification in this respect is extremely hazardous for the great number of people whose needs don’t decrease with the degradation of soils.
As for the secondary concern of the issue, it deals with the dwindling water supply as well as groundwater decrement. It goes without question that the consumption of water for China’s agricultural needs, human wants, and for the artificial irrigation of the arid lands substantially wreaks havoc on the
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The part of the Balance of payment, which calculates only the export, and import of goods and services excluding the financial transaction is called the Current Account. Therefore Current account equals exports minus import of goods and services and transfer of the country for a particular period of time (Hubbard and O’Brien, 36, G-1-G-2).
A systematic assessment of the issues of environmental security is rendered and a few remedial measures are proposed at the end of the paper. TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction…………………………………………………………4 UN and Its Role In Environmental Security………………………5 European Union…………………………………………………….7 Environmental Organizations…………………………………….
If a country is experiencing these factors, then, it is said to have food insecurity, which could be seasonal or long-term. Current statistics indicate that more than 900 million people worldwide are suffering from acute food shortage such that they are suffering from extreme hunger and malnutrition, with majority of them residing in regions such as Asia and Africa (Shaw 2010).
It further tries to justify the fact that as much as developed countries make a large contribution to climatic changes; they also suffer much effect as do developing states. The scenario is brought up because developed countries have more industries that emit dangerous gases into the atmosphere.
There is a need for a proper, informed and sustainable responses and solutions to the over changing climates in many places of the world. Only effective and sustainable responses to the imminent climatic problems and a readiness to solve climate problems will deliver the cities of Europe and indeed the entire countries from the negative effects of the uncontrolled climatic changes.
Apart from the destruction and threat to wildlife, businesses are also being affected. Businesses are now faced with the challenge of responding to climate change in a way that will support their corporate strategy, which includes the business' corporate social responsibility.
China's Environmental Protection Agency has reported that Gobi Deserts expanded by 52,400 km2 during 1994-99. Biologists fear the current loss of species is the forerunner of an extinction that will rival the five great mass extinctions recorded in the geological past.
It is greatly swayed by some of the most relevant phenomena that have the propensity of influencing the global climate system. It marks a transitional precinct between the deserts of North Africa, which lie within the arid domain of the sub-tropical high as well as the central and northern Europe that is influenced by the westerly flow all throughout the year (Luterbacher and Xoplaki, 2003).
The developing countries driving their economic growth have added to the pollution contributing to the global warming. To mark the level of global warming round the world the UN has initiated a global forum in 19941 to estimate the influence and the issues related to the global warming.
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