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Air pollution emanates from air pollutants. These are substances that have adverse effects on the natural ecosystem when released into the atmosphere. The air pollutants can be liquid droplets, gases, or solid particles. The pollutants are either generated through the natural processes or by the action of human activities. One of the commonest natural sources of air pollution is the volcanic eruption. The gases emitted through volcanic activities may contain toxic pollutants such as sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide.
The human activities that cause air pollution are mainly due to industrial production. Many modern factories emit sulphur dioxide through the production processes. The pollutant can also build up in the air due to the reaction of other gases such as sulphur monoxide with oxygen. In other words, the presence of oxygen in the air causes pollution after some non-polluting gases react with oxygen (Haerens 12). Sulphur may react with oxygen in a chain of processes leading to the emission of sulphur dioxide. Similarly, oxygen may react with carbon in a chain of reaction processes leading to the emission of carbon monoxide, an air pollutant.
The other source of air pollution is the oxides of nitrogen. They result from human activities, especially due to motor vehicle exhausts. Some vehicles are not fitted with the required catalytic converters to convert the oxides into the non-polluting nitrogen gas. When the oxides of nitrogen combine with those of sulphur in the atmosphere, the air becomes unpalatable and unsuitable for human health (Ayres, Robert & Roy 4). The result is the outbreak of skin cancers and other infections associated with the pollutants. Likewise, the emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere is directly associated with global warming. The gas causes greenhouse effect that leads to the preservation of more heat in the earth’s atmosphere.
Although the sources
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(“Air Pollution Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 1”, n.d.)
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(Air Pollution Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 1)
“Air Pollution Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1692210-air-pollution.
The increase in globalization and industrialization has brought about a climatic change not just at regional level but at a global level. Industrial activities have influenced air quality largely. The rapid rise in population and the demand of energy are the main causes behind the emission of toxic substance and gases being released into the atmosphere and hence causing major damages to the human society and the natural ecosystem.
The atmosphere around us is made up of various different gases which have been mixed by nature in specific ratios to create a dynamic natural gaseous system which possesses the various vital characteristics necessary to support life on Earth. The disturbances created in the composition and physical characteristics of the atmospheric air by various air pollutants causes various threats to human health and the ecosystem.
To monitor and improve the air quality environmental agencies have been conducting comprehensive air-pollution monitoring and modeling over the last decades. Although these monitoring have helped to identify the potential unhealthy levels of air quality at specific areas, and the air quality in general has been improved for the past few years, air quality in some areas (such as Houston) fails to meet the Clean Air Act goal (Heidi et al., 2 - 20).
Air pollutants can either be classified as natural or may be as a result of various human activities like industrial operations. The industrial contamination can be viewed as a by-product of external combustion like smoke, dust, and sulfur oxides, or as a result of internal by-products like petrol and diesel.
With this on hand, the paper will focus on air pollution, including its cause and effect to the environment and the possible solution in order to lessen or terminate air pollution. 2.0 Air Pollution In brief, air pollution is the emission of harmful gasses to the atmosphere.
Public opinion polls in the United States over the years consistently have noted a high level of concern over implementing air pollution controls to guarantee healthy air. The Clean Air Act of 1963 was an early Congressional response to the public demand for a federal assistance to solve a policy issue that originally was considered to be a state and local problem.
New technologies need to be developed, alternatives need to be more accessible and convenient, employers need to be supportive, housing and development patterns need to be altered, and the public needs to be convinced to utilize
air pollution but Industries, from the days of the Revolution, continue to harm the eco-system by emitting carbon dioxide and other toxic gases that progressively create thick layers of smog in the air (Edlin & Golanty 2010).
Smog is described as ‘hazardous combination of
The economic activities of production and consumption carried out in the Peoples Republic of China require the use of energy, and the use of energy affects the environment in the form of pollution which may be air pollution and emission of greenhouse gases, which cause global warming that affects all states in the international system.
Air pollution is measured in terms of the different pollutants that exist in different parts of the world. For example: the EPA which is an organization that monitors the air in the region of United States measures air pollution in regards to the prevalence of six common pollutants in different regions of United States (Epa.gov, 2014).
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