The Glass Menagerie produced in 1944 and authored by Tennessee Williams depicts psychological aspects of human development. The paper "Human Development In The Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams" provides a psychological critique of the play, its themes, and motifs…
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The play tries to justify that complete and happy families should have the support of the male’s household heads. Amanda’s family has no father as he abandoned them. They try to find the happiness they do not have and end up living in fear and neglects. Therefore, Tom takes the responsibility to take care of the family despite his small age. The new roles affect his psychological development. Tom’s parental duties at a tender age deprive him of his prime youth experience. Human development is a process, and everyone should enjoy every stage of his or her life thus, psychological mismatch evidence in Tom’s boredom in family issues.
Glass Menagerie emphasizes roles of parents in child development. However, the play illustrates strictness and decision making on behalf of kids as positive attributes of a good mother. Amanda is strict on Tom and Laura. She expresses her desire for Laura to have a right date and asks for Tom’s assistance but quickly becomes angry that she dropped out of typing class because of shyness. In psychological perspectives, parents should understand the strengths and weaknesses of their children and help them to overcome the challenges. Amanda’s approach is worse and only serves to humiliate Laura. She also offers little assistance to enable Laura to overcome shyness.
Amanda is a character who does not tolerate mistakes among her children. Thus, she engages in every aspect of their lives with the notion of providing the moral support. Nonetheless, she portrays qualities of a mother who is overprotective. Her approach is not a healthy approach to parenting because she provides little time for the Tom and Laura to explore the world and establish their desires. Her actions are evident when she asks Tom to introduce Laura to a friend. Jim disappoints Laura making Amanda yell at Tom. She is the cause of her daughter’s heartbreak, and reason Tom left their home (Bloom 72).
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“Human Development In The Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1684051-psychological-criticism-of-the-glass-menagerie-by-tennessee-williams.
The three main characters, Tom, Amanda (his mother) and Laura (his sister) are trapped in a world in which they imagine a future that is not manifesting for them. Although the play takes place in a memory, the perceived remembrance of Tom, the escapism that all three characters use in order to navigate their life during the time of his memories provide a type of context for ways in which to identify how Tom saw his mother and sister, and perhaps how they realistically existed.
The Gentleman Caller is the other character in the play who serves as a catalyst to the plot. The Glass Menagerie is the story of broken promises and disappointments in the backdrop of economic turmoil.
Tom also took on the responsibilities of tending to the well-being of his ill and painfully shy younger sister. However, Tom’s ignorance and selfishness gets the better of him, a behavior that had been building up until it reached a boiling point at the end of the play, resulting in Laura’s emotional distress.
Summary of the Play: Set in St. Louis in the mid-1930s, 'Glass Menagerie' is described as a 'memory' play, that is, the writer has created the work from memories of his life; it truly replicates Williams' own experiences. There is no doubt as to its autobiographical nature, as the three main characters, Tom, Amanda and Laura Wingfield represent himself, his mother Edwina, and his sister Rose, and some of the events in their lives, using Tom Wingfield as narrator.
Moreover, they are not raised to be simple housewives but to be prim and proper.
The play revolves around Amanda Wingfield, one who has been abandoned by her husband. The play depicts the dependency of women on men and the seemingly unjust and segregated roles of men and women.
This intense drama ventures into familial relationships, societal situations, and the nature of memory. “The Glass Menagerie” opened in the mid-1940s in Chicago, and instantly became a mainstay in modern short fiction and continues to influence playwrights and authors of all genres.
Jim O'Connor, the gentleman caller, bears the same name as the young man who called on Rose Williams, before her descent into insanity. The action takes place in a small apartment in a poor district of the city, crowded outside and in, surrounded by many dark alleys and fire escapes.
The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams is a storytelling that not every person can live in reality. Tough and brutal reality often forces people to give up their dreams and do what they do not want to do. Each member of the Wingfield family is unable to live in reality and as a result, is immersed in his/her inner world.
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