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The wages paid to the workers varied to a great margin, meaning that some of these workers were oppressed by the lack of a system to harmonize wages (Martin & Weaver, 2005).
In particular, older workers suffered the most as they were subjected to very low wages, while their younger counterparts were receiving better payments. Apart from the glaring differences in wage payment, the workers were also faced with challenges such as probable loss of wages due to deaths, retirements, and disabilities (Martin & Weaver, 2005). All these factors combined, called for the establishment of a social system that would cushion the workers against loss of income. The strongest facilitator for the creation and enactment of the Act, however, was the great depression which occurred in 1929, a time during which a lot of families suffered economically, and in turn, socially (Martin & Weaver, 2005).
The 1935 Social Security Act was enacted for the purpose of enabling the federal government, in collaboration with state governments to provide social welfare to needy groups. These groups included aged people, people with disabilities, expectant mothers and children, victims of industrial accidents, and the unemployed (Martin & Weaver, 2005). For these services to be actualized there was need for the creation of a social security board which would be tasked with making plans for the roll-out of these benefits, and managing funds involved in the process. Once established, the program provided monthly benefits to people aged 65 years and older who had were no longer engaged in regular employment (Martin & Weaver, 2005). The retirees were paid benefits according to the average wages they had been earning prior to retirement. Later on in 1939, Martin & Weaver (2005) write that the retirement program was extended to cover the retiree’s dependents, meaning the wife, who had to be at least 65 years old, and children.
The program was not only concerned with the welfare of the aged
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Aid to Dependent Children or ADC was a social security act of 1935. It first functioned to provide federal grant on order to help the state maintain their mothers aid laws that had being passed in forty states between the year 1910 -1920. This program offered help to the poor parents, and assumed that women should always be caring for the children at home.
During this time, President Roosevelt did support every plan suggested by his advisors, and in turn, congress supported the programs projected by the president. The new deal aimed at achieving three targets, relief, recovery and reform. Relief programs aimed at lessening the suffering experienced by the American people.
Welfare is the ultimate goal ought to be achieved by the modern governments and the concept of welfare is used by all the governments and administration of the most of governing bodies of the world for political interests also; like increasing of vote bank and image of party as a close friend to the public.
Social Security as Americans have it today did not arrive in the country until 1935, but there was one important precursor that helped influence the need for a new system, the Civil War: following the Civil War that left hundreds of thousands of disabled, widowed and orphans, a new pension system was developed.
In Colonial America, "Relief was made as unpleasant as possible in order to "discourage" dependency. Those receiving relief could lose their personal property, the right to vote, the right to move, and in some cases were required to wear a large "P" on their clothing to announce their status" (DeWitt, sect.
Most important, it established the Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance programs that were to provide both the philosophical and fiscal basis for Medicare.
Question 2: What are the primary dimensions of policy making in healthcare in the U.S.?
Payroll taxes that comprise Federal Insurance Contributions Tax Act (FICA) and Self Employed Contributions Act (SECA) fund the US Social Security Program (Graebner, 2009). The taxes that contribute towards the social security program are collected