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On the other hand, Arthur Dimmesdale, who is the minister of the church that Hester belongs to, is not shamed and exposed directly to the people, but has the “A” scarlet symbol in a pale color on his chest, having been the man responsible for the adulterous act of Hester. Thus, the psychological concepts of repression, free will and unconscious are attributable to the two characters in the novel; Hester and Arthur Dimmesdale, making the novel readable as a psychological novel.
Repression, that act of suppressing ones desires or thoughts so that they may not become apparent or conscious, is a psychological concept that characterizes Hester Prynne. After she was caught on the wrong side of the moral law, having committed adultery, she was given a scarlet mark to represent her sinful status, to which she did not mind. Thus, even when she was requested to reveal the identity of the man responsible for the adultery, she blatantly refused. This was because, Hester had already vowed to the oath of secrecy to conceal the identity of the man with whom she engaged in the adulterous act, and thus “little will she care what they put upon the bodice of her gown” (Hawthorne, 78). This serves to show that under the oath of secrecy, nothing else mattered rather than to keep the secret. However, all this was just an act of repression, since even if she happened to “cover the mark as she will, the pang of it will be always in her heart” (Hawthorne, 78). This simply serves to show that he guilt conscious will always remain in her, even though she pretended not to care about her sinful expose.
Free will, another concept of psychology that assess the capacity to take up any form of action by own volition, is a subject of this novel, where neither Hester nor Arthur Dimmesdale appears to have the opportunity to express their free will. The two characters have been subdued to confessing to adultery through force. Thus, Hester was brought out of prison gates to be
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This paper reviews Hawthorne’s novel from a new, conformity vs. individuality angle. The context in which the novel was created is discussed. Hester’s silent challenge against conformity is evaluated. The paper reviews the place of Dimmesdale in the development of the conflict and assesses the gap between man’s law and personal uniqueness.
1) “Behold, verify, there is the woman of the scarlet letter, and, of a truth, moreover, there is the likeness of the scarlet letter running along by her side. Come, therefore, and let us fling mud at them!” a. (i) Who is “the likeness of the scarlet letter”?
Inspired by the work of writers like Moses Colt Tyler, the writer decides to take “magnified scale” in describing the literary history of the American society from its beginning to the modern literature which includes novelists, poets and fictitious writers.
I. Lack of appropriate depiction of the theme of adultery A. Madness and jealousy B. Passion II. Feelings and emotions not translated into action A. Suicide, assault, revenge, violence, self-torture B. Should have been crude C. Possesses sophistication and high intellect III.
For a woman who possesses Hester's strength of character, the route toward the wilderness of escape would also be a route toward the wilderness of admitting that those who judge her are her superiors. Winston smith in George Orwell's 1984 has less access to geographical escape, but his actions indicate that he lacks the personal convictions and character to deny himself had the opportunity.
Ezekiel "Easy" Rawlins, the common hero of Mosley fiction who has been controlling the consciousness of modern readers for the last fifteen years, makes a powerful reappearance in the novel to reveal the borderline between black and white societies in Los Angeles and to undertake his ninth consecutive adventure.
Practically, author's mother, sister and wife had made a significant input in Hawthorne's success as a literary genius. Interestingly, author's fictional illustration of women is more straightforward than to men, because they were not violent and they did not attempt to revolutionize the world.
It was so interesting to communicate with other students from different backgrounds about the various positions they held on the subjects were working on. That is a definite plus in this class: you really get a sense of where your
Consequently, the town condemns her of this act. She is made to wear on her clothing a scarlet letter “A” at all times, and it ends with a tragic ending. This novel has been criticized and has caused a lot of controversy around the literary world.
Overall, as it is shown in The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, experiencing private guilt and dealing with it all alone is much more destructive, in terms of both physical and emotional state, than
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