Do you feel the tense atmosphere between the teams and the enthusiasm of the fans? In a game, we can see fans wearing t-shirts, caps and other accessories. We can also see the team mascot wearing the team…
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A Mascot is an object, animal or person that represents an organization; for example; the Fuwa of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and the Otto of Syracuse University. It is a symbol of the organization and is emblematic of the organization’s good wishes. At the commencement of the twentieth century; universities and professional teams began to use images and words from the Native Americans as their mascot to represent their organizations. However, in the 1940s, the National Congress of American Indians launched a campaign aimed at eliminating the stereotypes towards Native Americans in the media especially in sports (Hylton, 2010).
According to Goddard, the word ‘Redskin’ was used as an identifier by the respective communities in the early history. That is how the Native Americans differentiated the two racess. The word ‘redskin’ was first used in 1769 while Piankashawsand and Col. John Wilkins were negotiating. Native Americans often used the word in the 1800s whenever they negotiated with the French and later the Americans (Goddard, 2005). Washington’s DC Redskins were initially known as the Boston Braves in 1932 when the team was formed.
It was the norm at this time to possess the same name for the teams whenever the football and the baseball shared the same stadium. The name was changed when they moved to Boston Red Sox home. The name was changed to Boston Redskins prior to moving back to Washington in 1933. Native American’s names and imagery used by this team started before 1933. In 1937, the team officially changed their name to the Washington Redskin when they moved to Washington, Dc (Nauright & Parrish, 2012).
Since the Native America mascot is disrespectful and insulting to Native Americans, some schools and teams changed their mascots or names. Stanford University changed from “The Stanford Indian” to Stanford Cardinal. Syracuse University
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Other mascots take the form of people - cowboys, raiders, Vikings, mountaineers, Indians. While team names and mascots usually do arouse a feeling of pride to those who play for and support the team, the use of a Native American as a mascot can be very offensive and degrading.
According to the works gathered by the Teaching Tolerance project (2008, pg. 1), “Since the Civil Rights era of the 1970s, when Indians began agitating to remove these stereotypical images, a dozen colleges have
traditional and cultural beliefs about health and illness among Native American Indians demonstrate their differences as well as similarities within the wider society.
The general health beliefs among Native American Indians are closely linked with their philosophical beliefs
About one million Native American citizens belong to the tribal nations and have vowed never to recognize gay marriage. The Navajo community, for example, voted for the ban on same-sex marriage in 2005. Some people have, however, changed their mind and think their position
Tere has been a lot of criticism about the current Cleveland Indians logo to portray racism. The team uses the Native American mascots for the American professional sport that has created a lot of controversy with the
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