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What is commonly understood by the term organisational citizenship What does research suggest may be some of the reasons why some employees do not engage in organisational citizenship - Essay Example

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Of late one of the widely discussed topics in the context of human resources management or the organisation behaviour is the organisational citizenship. Developments in theory and practice have taken place in this particular domain of management and the organisations are…
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What is commonly understood by the term organisational citizenship What does research suggest may be some of the reasons why some employees do not engage in organisational citizenship
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"What is commonly understood by the term organisational citizenship What does research suggest may be some of the reasons why some employees do not engage in organisational citizenship"

Download file to see previous pages This essay is an attempt to analyse the term and its connotation along with the reasons why some employees deliberately do not exhibit this behaviour.
Organisation Citizenship is a form of behaviour exhibited by employees who work in an organisation and identify themselves with that particular organisation. The feeling of organisational citizenship develops among the employees with time as the work in the organisation and it contributes to the effective performance of the employees. In other words the employees develop a sense of belongingness or citizenship with the organisation they work for and would lead to various voluntary activities for the benefit of the organisation which otherwise would not have been undertaken by them. The sense of belonging in turn would also lead to higher expectations of the employees in the sense that they would like to know that the organisation has succeeded because of their hard work and dedication towards the company. Thus in short the voluntary support of the employees and the positive behaviour of employees towards the organisation and its success can be referred to as organisation citizenship behaviour (Lee and Allen, 2002, p. 132). In other words, when the employees deliver beyond the job role that they have been assigned by the organisation and which would contribute to the facilitation of the performance of the organisation, such behaviour is found to be existing (Lambert, 2006, pp. 503-525).
Most of the researchers are of the opinion that the deviation of the employees from standard organisation citizenship behaviour cannot be attributed to their personality traits solely. Apart from the personality trait the organisation culture and the environment in which the person is working have an effect on the citizenship behaviour of employees.
A number of cases of gender discrimination have been noticed in case of the OCB. Extensive research on ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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