While reading Margaret Atwood’s “Happy Endings”, most of the readers are supposed to skip the point that the story is ultimately a feminist meta-narrative for traditional/conventional plot of literary works or fictions, until they reach the narrator’s comment in the…
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attempts to summarize all the possibilities about the affair between two couples: John-Mary and Fred-Madge in a number of six differently outlined simple plots with common endings that “John and Mary die. John and Mary die. John and Mary die.” (Atwood, “Happy Endings”) Such simplistic summarization obviously provides Atwood with more legibility to comment on the portrayal of male-female relationship in Atwood’s contemporary fictions or literatures.
Atwood’s emphasis on John and Mary’s death hitches her readers down to earth and to reality obviously. It is the reality, in which John (generalization of husband) and Mary (generalization of wife) love each other; sometimes they betray each other. When women like Mary dies lovelorn, other women like Madge revels in love and vice versa. It is the very reality in which some Johns (husbands) love their wives fabulously; some other Johns seduce women for sex. Somewhere else, other Johns swindle their wives. Atwood suggests that the plots in traditional literary works are either these or those: “Thats about all that can be said for plots, which anyway are just one thing after another, a what and a what and a what.” (Atwood, “Happy Endings”) But according to Atwood, what is wrong with this “a what and a what and a what” type of plot is that it does not provide the readers with much scope to ask a question, “Why and how?” (Atwood, “Happy Endings”) Therefore Atwood’s narrator in the story “Happy Endings” ultimately comes up with the suggestion to interpret how and why the caricatured plots in her story are different though the endings are the same.
Indeed Atwood’s suggestion to “try how and why?” provides her story with extra feminist dimension. Notably in the story, Option A continues to be happy from the beginning to the end. But some characters in other options are not always happy, though they are happy at the end of the story. It is noteworthy to interpret why and how John
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“Happy Endings Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 2”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1604598-happy-endings.
Most men visualize women as tools that are quite suitable to have sex with, and the literature has traditionally portrayed it like that; “The contact of her warm, palpitating body when he had unthinkingly drawn her into his arms, had aroused all the old-time infatuation and desire for her flesh” (Lombardi 1).
Atwood brings out the consequences that an individual is prone to if he or she decides to lead a life of double standards (353). Both John and Mary are betraying their partners and they end up hurting their partners in scenario c. John struggles to feel young while in essence, he is old.
In Dickinson's case it was this urge that continuously made her express her deepest thoughts in verse, as she hardly got any public acclaim during her lifetime. Her poetry remained unread and unrecognized, except by a close circle of family and friends.
The amazing simplicity of the language and brevity with which Dickinson conveys her thoughts is arresting.
Furthermore, since World War II, the general population has become more familiar with the essence of Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle (that since a particle cannot be calculated to be in any one of two places at any time, it consequently must be shifting into parallel universes in which it can occupy any or none of these spaces) a foundation of quantum physics.
In version A there is a happy ending for the main characters, John and Mary. Versions B through F explore variations of John and Mary's relationship to each other and the very different stories of their lives.
This method of storytelling is successful in that it allows the reader to analyze the totality of each life story and easily compare it with the others.
People more then often grow up with a deep seated desire to perpetuate such ideas about love in their personal lives and relationships. On the contrary, Margaret Atwood's work 'Happy Endings' gives a realistic treatment to the concepts of love and desire, though in a disturbing manner.
Nikolajeva (2005) differentiates structural closure, which serves to roundup the ending of the story, and psychological closure, which allows the protagonists to resolve their inner conflicts (102). Children’s stories have numerous kinds of closures, where some of them are
(Guzman, 2013).Cohabitation has been on the rise because of the media influence. The media has created a perception through soups and other movies that one out of two marriages is destined to fail which is not true because only the unhappy
The author explains that the story happens in the workplace. People at work noticed that she had relationship issues. The restaurant was another setting when it was mentioned in the story that John was seen with another woman in a restaurant. In part C, the events took place on Thursday evenings when Mary spent time with John and in her apartment.
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