The author of the paper examines the fire protection hydraulics and water supply of Ossining village located in the Westchester County, New York. The village is supplied with water by the Ossining water district whose system is supplied from the Croton reservoir and the Indian brook reservoir
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By 1664, waste and wastewater were disposed of in the open pits dumps and pits. When the population grew water became contaminated. This led to citizens getting ill while others died. According to Spann (1981), the New York water supply system was borne by the Manhattan Company. It first supplied water but due to other economic engagements, it underwent a lot of challenges which saw the New York water system grow in its attempt to meet the demands. Since then a lot of developmental changes have taken place with the creation of a number of local water boards to manage the local supplies of water for both domestic and commercial uses. The Ossining village water system serves approximately 30000 people through its 6010 service connections. As per the annual drinking water report, the bossing village consumed approximately 1.2 billion gallons of water. According to the village of Ossining comprehensive plan (2009), the system treats and pumps 3.3 million gallons per day (MGD). The highest ever single day water consumption was 4.2 million gallons. The two main sources of water from the service reservoir are blended for treatment at the Indian brook water filtration plant. The plant has an ability to treat up to 6 million gallons of water per day. The raw water from the reservoirs is taking through a number of treatment processes that include sedimentation, filtration and chemical treatment. The treatment facility meets all the drinking water quality standards like safe levels of lead, nitrate, copper, and arsenic... all these contaminant levels are maintained based on the new york state regulations. The piping layout is set to meet the two main objectives of the village water needs. According to the Florida state fire Marshall’s report (1996) and the American water works association (1989), the size of the pipes depends on the distribution system appurtenances.
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