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Brown v. Board of Education - Research Paper Example

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This work is aimed to look back at the Brown case of 1954 to try to investigate its influence on the struggle for civil rights as well as on the U.S. laws. It is essential to remind the general features of the Brown case, which became a landmark decision of the Supreme Court of the USA…
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Brown v. Board of Education
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Download file to see previous pages They wanted the school segregation – separate schools for white and black pupils as it was recommended (but not required) by the 1879 Kansas law - to be abolished in Topeka. The named complainant was Oliver Brown, whose friend convinced him to join the suit. His third-grade daughter Linda had to attend the school for black children far away that situated far from her house, while the one for white children was close.
The District Court ruled in favor of the Board of Education grounding its decision by the decision of U.S. Supreme Court set in Plessy v. Ferguson case, according to which the schools had to be “separated but equal” (means equal in facilities). In 1954 the case was reargued in the Supreme Court. The question was not whether the educational establishments for children with a different color of skin offered "equal" opportunities, but whether the policy of separate schools for black and white children answered to the Constitution. The justices answered with a strong "no": “Segregation with the sanction of law, therefore, has a tendency to [retard] the educational and mental development of negro children and to deprive them of some of the benefits they would receive in a racial[ly] integrated school system... We conclude that, in the field of public education, the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place”.
The decision publicized on May 17, 1954, appeared to be the victory for black people. The government stated that the white and black children will be able to attend the same schools by 1963. Ralph Ellison wrote: “What a wonderful world of possibilities is unfolded for the children”.
From first sight, it seems that Brown is one of the decisive moments in American history. However, the more one investigates the issue, the more doubts arise. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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