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The IDEA Amendments Act of 1997 emphasizes the importance of ensuring that students with special needs can access the general curriculum, meeting education standards applicable to every child (O’Connor, 2010). In order to meet these challenges, therefore, general education teachers across the US have had to acquire new strategies and skills. These changes signify a period of transformation for general education teachers, informing a re-evaluation of service delivery required to support special needs students in the general education environment.
One challenge that general education teachers face is to meet and maintain high standards of education for every student, also ensuring that all the unique instructional requirements of each child are met. These expectations, however, are not necessarily mutually exclusive. The educational standards can be used as impetus and motivation for focused instructional planning in the general education environment for special needs students, leading to improved achievement (O’Connor, 2010). Lewis and Doorlag (2013), for example, report that general education teachers believe that standards-based reform increases learning opportunities for students who have special needs, while also noting that special education teachers contend that standards improve the characterizations of student requirements. Prior to the changes set in place by IDEAA 1997, there was a huge gap in expectations between general and special education students, who had their own room, teachers, routines, curriculum, and community. These students, majority of whom had learning disabilities, underperformed academically. At national level, most of the students with special needs were placed in self-contained classes, isolated from the general education environment, and labeled as behaviorally challenged, sending the message that they could not meet the expectations of the general
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Special education in England for over two decades has been subject to rapid change, of which programs allowing for inclusive education have played a pivotal role. But barriers still exist that can impede the development of this morally-mandated educational and social movement.
That is why special needs program was established and as such, it is a program seeking to identify those individuals with special needs and that those needs are in every way unique and takes a different perspective as compared to those of other students and thereby addressing them in a different way (Karger, 2010).
Apart from parents and family members, they have the responsibility to monitor students developing the skills that could help them not only in academic fields, but in life as well. And dealing with special needs students is rather challenging task even for professional educators.
However, many parents that deal with children that have learning problems are still unaware of how this act could help them and the children. Because they might not be able to determine if their children truly have learning problems, they might dismiss them as lazy or lacking in motivation, when in fact they needed additional help and guidance.
This research will begin with the statement that collaboration amongst general education teachers and special education teachers must be developed in light of the increasing number of special students attending general education classes, but special educators need to determine the extent of collaboration.
All students must be prepared for employment once they graduate from high school or colleges and this is one of the major goals of IDEA. The preparation of a student with disability for the eventual postsecondary exposure and life experience is an exclusive process that exists within the contexts of transition training and development.
fine the maximum caseloads special education teachers can carry and the conditions under which students with different disabilities can be instructed together. Virginias special education delivery system is based on the categorical placement of students with disabilities who
al, legislative and educational movement for increasing the opportunities for students with disabilities, placing them in the same learning environment as non-disabled students whenever possible.
The success of inclusion, however, is dependent on a number of variables,
On the basis of a preliminary examination of the school and interviews with some of its teachers, it appears that West Boca Raton school excels in academic performance as well as in other areas, but it has several disabled students
According to the paper major areas of discussion on how to training general educators to be effective teachers in an inclusive classroom focus on the accountability of teachers. Teachers need to be accountable during their interactions with special needs students. Different strategies are used to prepare general educators.
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