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re sufficient to achieve such envisaged goals, and which agencies and institutions could be and should be attributed the responsibility to furnish resources for these purposes (Marzano & Kendall, 1999). School funding is a topic that has achieved the immense attention of parents, tax payers and policy makers across the length and breadth of the United States (Marzano & Kendall, 1999). Since the 70s, there has been a deluge of the law suits filed in the law courts of almost all the states of America. Therefore, equity versus adequacy debate is of apt relevance in this context.
The equity issue in the sphere of school funding came into light with the filing of Serrano vs. Priest case in California in 1971 (Odden & Picus, 1999, p. 129). In 1976, the California State Supreme Court extended the judgment that California school funding arrangements violated the guarantee to equal protection under law enshrined in the United States Constitution. The equity concept highlighted by this case professed that all the school districts in a state should have access to same and equal resources to extend education to their students (Odden & Picus, 1999, p. 131). In the domain of educational finance, equity means the placement of provisions to assure equality in the distribution of educational resources by a state across districts, and to put in place a system for fairness, so far as the allocation of available resources for funding school education are concerned.
The equity principle has its advantages in the sense that it allows for the placement of uniformly enforceable educational standards across a state. However, the big problem with the equity principle is that it does not take into consideration the variegated nature of American demography. There are some sections of the American society that have been traditionally marginalized and sidelined, and hence need access to more than average resources for educational purposes. Equity principle simply ignores the different costs
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The study has provided with a detailed understanding of brand equity .The paper studies the various research activity carried out on brand equity and its link with the financial performance of the organization. It has been accepted that branding has significant contribution to increase the profitability and the shareholders value which directly leads to the success of the business.
The ratios can be divided into various categories, such as profitability, gearing and liquidity, each focusing on a different area of the financial outlook of the organization and highlighting the company’s performance. These analysis form an integral part of the financial statement analysis, especially from the investors point of view who always strive to invest in countries having strengthen and stabilizing financial ratios and representing an upward trend.
Canada is one of the richest nations in the world, yet it is ranked extremely low, by comparison with other developed nations, for child well-being, in spite of the Canadian government’s UN Convention ratification in 1991. I will address questions of why this is still the case; whether poverty is income based and what the key variables are in urban and rural poverty in Canada; which groups are most affected; and what are the outcomes of child poverty.
Adequacy vs. Equity Introduction Since the times immemorial, equality has been the bedrock of American democracy and education system. The essential principle that have been guiding the American school system is that all the citizens must have an unobstructed and ready access to free education so as the be able to gain knowledge, which may not only help them guide and manage their personal lives, but must also enable them to be able to serve as productive members of a free society.
The topics to be covered included Segregation, which is the policy of creating or putting aside some facilities to be used by minority group who are always from the noble families. This atrocious acts are commonly practiced in repressive countries and anarchical government.
The social, political, and economic elements of immigration have resulted in controversy concerning economic benefits, ethnicity, crime, voting behaviors, settlements pattern and jobs for the immigrants. The first naturalization policy in the US was the naturalization act of 1790, which confined naturalization to free, and liberal white people of sound and good behaviors or moral who had stayed in the US for two years and had kept their current state of stay for not less than a year.
The acquisition is to support Amazon’s growth in terms of market development as well as market penetration for facilitating more customers efficiently with wider number of products . The impact of this acquisition on the profitability and income statement of Amazon as recorded in annual statement is as follows: Kiva 2012 2011 sales 61,093 48,077 Change In Sales 27.07% Net income -39 631 Change In NI -106.18% (Amazon, 2012) Acquisition of Kiva has positively impacted sales with US $ 61 million; however, the impact on Net Income was extensively negatively and accounted for a net loss of US $ 62 million from KIVA raising total loss by 106% (Amazon, 2012).
The College Board furthered that there is a disparity when it comes to funding and teacher distribution. The areas where most of them are studying do not receive much support. In addition, there are not enough
Corporate firm today around the world recognize the importance of private equity funding and incorporate it in the capital structure formation. This research aims at analyzing the significance of private equity funding from the perspective of
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