Industrial revolution gained its prominence between the 18th and 19th century, which led to numerous inventions and discoveries that had both direct and indirect impacts on human lives. It affected the social, economic, political, military, and environmental paradigms. However,…
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In this span of time, considerations were made to generate eco-efficient inventions that led to introduction of the cotton gin. Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793, an invention that led to a lot of changes and influences concerning cotton production and agriculture in its entirety (Textile Technology Digest 75).
This invention was the indubitable mother of inventions. Whitney had just been hired as a tutor in a plantation in Georgia. He witnessed and heard complains of workers who cried for heavy workload. Given Whitney’s interest in solving mechanical problems and as had been advised by Littlefield Greene, Whitney developed a brush like machine that was able to separate cotton from the seed (Textile Technology Digest 201). However, the Whitney’s machine was a crudely crafted box fitted with a cylinder, a row of saw-like teeth, and a crank. It cylindrical design allowed the raw cotton to be fed to the teeth like wire through the cylinder. The cylinder spurned around as the wire teeth passed the cotton via small-sized slits on a bar of wood. This process discarded the unwanted seeds as the cotton fibers pulled off.
Whitney’s cotton gin was a stark and crude as the machine, but it increased the processing rates of cotton (Zanden 126). The efficiency of the invention was significant in that the cotton was inserted into the gin through a 16 inches manually controlled diameter pipe that moved around the cotton. Within the gin, there were roller spikes that helped in breaking the cotton modules into different parts. The loose cotton then went into the original starting point just like the trailer cotton. As the cotton moved, it carries a lot of moister that was removed by passing it through a dryer. The large clumps of cotton disintegrated into finer materials through the rotating spiked cylinders. Additionally, the gin was fitted with sieves that remove foreign materials such as leaves and
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