Diamond’s book, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed looks at different elements of societal collapse in relation to the environmental components and the relative adaptation to the issues in the society which directly affect the livelihoods and well being…
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In his explanation Diamonds tries to explain a number of issues in relation to the environment and social calamities. He alludes and associates the occurrence of collapse of the society to the presence or the occurrence of a massive decline in population ,complexities in economics and the social failures of an area over a long time duration affecting the well being and the very tenets of survival of the society. However ,he poses the question of how to quantify whether the actions and occurrences of the society warrant being valued as having collapsed over the years and in relation to social developments.
Many theories have been advanced on the collapse of societies; some have taken a non linear process portraying sudden and non practical paths of explanation. The processes try to explain the sources of societal collapse such as human calamities and the mundane nature of daily events which to some extent give relatively disturbing information on the viability of the subjects under investigation (Flannery).
Diamond explains that collapse is related to the occurrence of the phenomenon whether it is over a time duration or whether the act occurs instantaneously as a drastic action but the area factor is quite important to be put into consideration when looking into the collapse. He further explains the collapse of France in 1940 and that of the Soviet Union in 1941 not as actual collapse but merely political collapse. The biological and cultural elimination of the Tasmanians which Diamond explains in Guns, Gems and Steel is equally not a representation of collapse since the people rapidly later increased the population and developed more complex social settings compared to the previous ones. Generally this collapse though they are affecting the political and social states of the society ,they do not quantify and qualify to be regarded as absolute collapse (Diamond).
The raid by the Mongols in 1258 in
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