Rondas Campesinas is one of the most successful and at the same time the most contentious community organization that come out in rural Peru for close to 25 years ago. It emerged in the mid-1970s in the Department of Cajamarca so as to deal with the problem of general theft and…
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While on the other hand, one arm of the state attempted to co-opt them and their leaders were accused of taking over the functions of the police and the judiciary; they therefore faced criminal charges that often led to incarceration.
At the beginning Rondas Campesinas was comprised of primarily autonomous farmers who were mestizo and Spanish; since they had no confidence in the police or the courts of being able, or enthusiastic to protect them from organized bunch of hooligans involved in theft of cattle and other violent crimes (Hancock, 2007). They supposed that the police were too slow and incompetent in responding to unlawful activities; moreover, they thought that more could have been done to manage the routes used to move the cattle out of the area and the centre where the stolen cattle were sold. In its composition, the Ronda consist of The General Assembly, made up of peasants who posses land in a particular ham let, elects the members of the Ronda committee.
The committee is further divided into sub-sections; each sector is also organized by a delegate appointed by the Rondas. Men aged 18 to 60 are expected to serve in the Ronda patrols, in as much as women do not take part in the night patrols; they support the work of the Rondas by providing food and other additional services (Starn,1990). When a suspect has been found, the Rondas’ work is to hand him over to the General Assembly for further interrogation but not to the police. The General Assembly is assigned with the task of deciding whether the suspect has committed an illicit offence, and if that is the case, what punishment should be administered. Formerly, they were not allowed by the constitution to become directly involved in the administration of justice, but latter, the comunidad campesina performs jurisdictional functions. And in most cases they use physical punishment in order to re-establish
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According to the paper different people have different perceptions about being healthy. It is very commonly believed that being in perfect shape and beautiful means being healthy, and to stay healthy one needs to eat nutritious food, do exercise and stay clean. The main factors that lead towards state of being unhealthy are poor diet, obesity, pollution, unhygienic conditions, illegal drug usage and lack of exercise.
They have existed throughout the human history. However, as the human society evolved and progressed, experts sat down for the formulation of law and justice systems to resolve these conflicts and disagreements between parties if they wish the same. Conflicting parties are more likely to reach an agreement with the help of law and the decisions imposed by the courts; however, there are cases when it becomes more feasible to reach agreements and find solutions to the disagreements with the help of processes, which falls outside of the judicial processes.
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spite the creation of international criminal court by the international community with a mandate of punishing criminals linked to crimes such as torture, war crimes and genocide, Peru has a functional bench that can be able to punish criminals who have committed heinous crimes
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